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The fight against human trafficking. Presentation by Janine Schütze. Contents. Definition ‚human trafficking‘ Background Statistics International Law EU Dimensions. Definition ‚human trafficking‘. Art. 3(a ): ‘Trafficking in persons shall mean the recruitment,

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the fight against human trafficking

The fight against human trafficking

Presentation by

Janine Schütze

  • Definition ‚human trafficking‘
  • Background
  • Statistics
  • International Law
  • EU Dimensions
definition human trafficking
Definition ‚human trafficking‘

Art. 3(a): ‘Trafficking in persons shall mean the recruitment,

transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the

threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of

deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the

giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a

person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.

Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the

prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or

services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of


Source: UN: Protocol to prevent, suppress and punish trafficking in persons, especially women and children, supplementing the United Nations convention against transitional organized crime, 2000, S. 2.

  • 12,3 million persons in form of forced labour or bondage
  • 360.000 people in industrialized countries
  • 100.000 victims of human trafficking in EU
  • Annual profits from human trafficking at least US-$ 32 billion
  • Fastest growing sector within organized crime
  • 80% of human trafficking into western Europe is about sexual exploitation of women/children
  • Other percentage: forced labours in domestic services, HORECA, textile and construction industry and agriculture sector

Source: BBC:

international law
International Law
  • UN: Palermo Protocol (2000)
    • first definition of ‚human trafficking‘
    • Purpose: Art. 2(a): ‚To prevent and combat trafficking in persons, paying particular attention to women and children‘
      • Preventing trafficking in persons
      • Protecting victims
      • Cooperation
international law1
International Law
  • OSCE: Action Plan to Combat Trafficking in Human Beings (2003)
    • framework for the anti-trafficking efforts of the entire organization
    • Established Office of the Special Representative and Co-ordinator for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings
international law2
International Law
  • Council of Europe: Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (2005)
    • focussing mainly on the protection of victims of trafficking and the safeguard of their rights
eu dimensions
EU Dimensions
  • Preventing and combating trafficking in human beings (Directive 2011/36/EU)
    • Max. penalty 5 or 10 years
    • Art. 8: Non-prosecution or non-application of penalties to the victim
    • Member States shall, in accordance with the basic principles of their legal systems, take the necessary measures to ensure that competent national authorities are entitled not to prosecute or impose penalties on victims of trafficking in human beings for their involvement in criminal activities which they have been compelled to commit as a direct consequence of being subjected to any of the acts referred to in Article 2.
eu dimensions1
EU Dimensions
  • Group of Experts on Trafficking in Human Beings (Decision 2011/502/EU)
    • Maintasks: - written contributions

- assess the evolution of policy

- forum for discussion

EU Anti-Trafficking Coordinator