Nord stream gas pipeline a nature conservation perspective
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Nord Stream Gas Pipeline - a nature conservation perspective. Jochen Lamp WWF Baltic Ecoregion Programme Warsaw, 28.05.2007. WWF Position. WWF is not against gas pipelines or natural gas in principle

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Nord stream gas pipeline a nature conservation perspective

Nord Stream Gas Pipeline- a nature conservation perspective

Jochen Lamp

WWF Baltic Ecoregion Programme

Warsaw, 28.05.2007


Wwf position
WWF Position

  • WWF is not against gas pipelines or natural gas in principle

  • It is possible to construct gas pipelines in the marine environment without major negative impacts

  • Environmental Impact Assessments are important and necessary

  • Transparency and stakeholder participation will improve the process and the construction


What can you expect
What can you expect?

  • A brief review of the current procedures

  • Major impacts of the pipeline on biodiversity and risks

  • Information gaps and uncertainties in the current Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)

  • EIA process and timelines

  • WWF-suggestions


Major impacts of the pipeline
Major Impacts of the pipeline

  • Modified seabed

  • Change of currents/sedimentation and erosion (G. of Finland, Sweden)

  • Sediment dispersion over large areas

  • Effects on cultural heritage (shipwrecks)?

    Concerned biodiversity:

  • Habitats (sandbanks, reefs, gas vents, benthos and seabird areas)

  • Protected Areas: Gotland, offshore banks, Finnish Archipelago, Germany landfall, Russia

    New challenges:

  • How will latest additional routes (Estonia, north Bornholm) be assessed?


Risks
Risks

  • Pipeline could break due to limited flexibility of steel/concrete pipes in a very divers topography

  • Pipe-laying techniques at limits in deep water

  • Non-homogeneous sediment (crystalline rock to mud) is a challenge for safe pipe laying and stable positioning

  • Water chemistry may cause corrosion of the pipe

  • Dumped ammunition and hazardous substances: no precise handling concept

  • Safety Anchorage could conflict with pipeline


Lack of transparency
Lack of Transparency

  • Bathymetry and substrate not detected in detail

  • No data on harmful substances

  • No sediment data

  • Out-of-date data (Birds, seals, shipping, fish) used

  • Handling concepts missing

    • Disposed material (dredged ridges and fill-up of valleys)

    • Ammunition handling in detail

  • No information on inspections during operation

  • Compensation for damages?


Wwf suggestions for eia procedure
WWF-Suggestions for EIA: procedure

  • Agree on a joint research standards for the project

  • Make research results accessible to concerned states and NGOs/public

  • Agree on final research programme based on results from Espoo-process and implement agreed comprehensive EIA

  • Revise timeline and secure time for EIA and revision of plans according to the EIA results

    No permission before critical questions have been solved!


Wwf suggestions for eia content
WWF-Suggestions for EIA: content

  • Detailed mapping

  • Detailed technical concepts

  • Alternative routeing

  • Handling of ammunitions and dumped hazardous substances

  • Risk assessments

  • Cumulative effects

  • Full compensation for losses

New route

alternative

Route

alternative?

New route

alternative


Timelines
Timelines

According to Nord Stream:

  • Autumn 2007: Presentation of EIA report

  • 2008: Start of construction

  • 2010: One pipe in operation

    Realistic timeline:

  • Autumn 2007: Agreement on EIA Research Programme

  • 2008: Field research

  • 2009: Decision about permit


Thank you
Thank you!

More information:

www.wwf.de, www.bsh.de