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Introduction to Christianity. The Split of the Roman Empire. The Christian Empires: Rome and Byzantium. 1054 Christianity is split into two groups Orthodox in Byzantium, Greek speaking. Catholic, in Rome, Latin speaking. Inward Experience Myth Ritual. Outward Doctrine Ethics Society.

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the christian empires rome and byzantium
The Christian Empires:Rome and Byzantium
  • 1054 Christianity is split into two groups
    • Orthodox in Byzantium, Greek speaking.
    • Catholic, in Rome, Latin speaking.
ninian smart s six dimensions of religion
Inward

Experience

Myth

Ritual

Outward

Doctrine

Ethics

Society

Ninian Smart’sSix Dimensions of Religion
experience
Experience
  • Attend church services
  • Ceremonies in churches
    • Sermon
    • Baptism
    • Wedding
    • Funeral
  • Education
myth the bible
Myth – The Bible
  • Old Testament:
    • Shared with Judaism
    • The history of the world before the coming of Jesus.
  • New Testament:
    • Tells the story of the life of Jesus
    • The Early Church
    • The prophecies about the end of the world.
slide7
Myth

Miracles of Jesus

  • 36 total listed in Bible
    • Walked on water
    • Turning water into wine
    • Fed 5,000 with 5 loaves of bread and 2 fish
    • Brought Lazarus back to life
  • Resurrection
slide8
Myth
  • Jesus’ Ministry
    • He was the Messiah
    • He was the Son of God
    • If you believed in Him and followed His word you would go to heaven when you died.
ritual
Ritual
  • Prayer: Communication with God in confession of sins, adoration, and giving thanks
ritual1
Ritual
  • Sacraments
    • Baptism
      • The ceremony in which Christians believe that dipping a person in water washes away sin.
    • Communion/Eucharist
      • The recreation of the last supper when Jesus ate with his disciples before his crucifixion.
doctrine
Doctrine
  • One God - Monotheism
  • God consists of 3 "persons."
    • God the Father
    • God the Son
    • The Holy Spirit
  • By faith in the sacrificial death and resurrection of Jesus, individuals are saved from death.
doctrine1
Doctrine
  • Those who don’t accept Jesus as savior will spend eternity in hell.
  • A judgment day will come when all humans must account for their deeds.
ethics
Ethics
  • The Bible, Mark chapter 12 verses 28 - 31One of the teachers of the law came and heard them debating. Noticing that Jesus had given them a good answer, he asked him "Of all the commandments, which is the most important?""The most important one," Jesus answered, "is this: Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is one. Love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength. The second is this: Love your neighbour as yourself. There is no commandment greater than these."
ethics1
Ethics
  • The Bible, Mark chapter 12 verses 28 - 31One of the teachers of the law came and heard them debating. Noticing that Jesus had given them a good answer, he asked him "Of all the commandments, which is the most important?""The most important one," Jesus answered, "is this: Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is one. Love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength. The second is this: Love your neighbour as yourself. There is no commandment greater than these."
society
Society
  • Christians worship in churches
  • Their spiritual leaders are called “priests” or “ministers.”
society1
Society

Over 40 major sects in America

  • Roman Catholics
    • Largest division and based in Rome under the authority of the Pope
  • Orthodox
    • Split into Russian and Greek
  • Protestants
    • Baptist
    • Methodist
    • Presbyterian
    • Episcopalian
    • Lutheran
society differences
Catholics

The Pope is infallible in religious matters.

Pray to God, Mary, and Saints

Protestants

The Pope makes mistakes. Only the Bible is infallible.

Pray only to God

Society - Differences
society differences1
Catholics

The Pope is the supreme leader of the Church.

Priests can’t marry – celibacy.

Orthodox

Who’s the Pope?

Priests can marry.

Society - Differences
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