UNIT 9 SEMESTER 2 CHAPTER 26/THE 1990S
ROSS PEROT • Won 19% of the popular vote as third party candidate • Being a billionaire businessman from Texas, most experts argue that his success hurt President Bush
HILLARY CLINTON AND HEALTH CARE REFORM • First Lady Clinton’s efforts to achieve universal healthcare coverage for all Americans failed; too many members of Congress viewed her plan as socialism
1995 OKLAHOMA CITY BOMBING Gulf War veteran turned anti-government militiaman Timothy McVeigh attacked the Oklahoma City Federal Building on April 19, 1995
1999 COLUMBINE SCHOOL SHOOTING • On April 20, 1999, Graduating Seniors Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold killed 12 students, 1 teacher and themselves during an attack on their school, Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado
AL-QAIDA ATTACKS • 1993 WORLD TRADE CENTER BOMBING • 1993 FIRST BATTLE OF MOGADISHU • Black Hawk Down • 1998 U.S. AFRICAN EMBASSY BOMBINGS • 2000 ATACK ON THE U.S.S COLE • 9/11
OPERATION RESTORE HOPE • In December 1992, President Bush sent troops to Somalia on a humanitarian mission to feed people suffering from famine • Under President Clinton, the mission expanded when famine relief efforts were damaged by warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid
GENOCIDE IN BOSNIA • In an attempt to keep his hold over all of the former Yugoslavia, Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic began ethnically cleansing non-Serbs in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Croatia. Murder, rape and concentration camps were rampant. In order to end the genocide, President Clinton sent troops to lead a NATO invasion.
WAR IN KOSOVO • In 1998-99, the Serbian province of Kosovo declared independence. After Serbia began attacking, President Clinton bombed Serbia and NATO forces occupied Kosovo as peacekeepers. Afterward, both sides of the conflict were charged with crimes against humanity.
NAFTA • Trade agreement between the U.S., Canada and Mexico • Initiated free trade between the three countries in order to create an economic alliance • Has led to a transfer of U.S. manufacturing jobs to Mexico
IMPEACHMENT OF BILL CLINTON • While investigating allegations of illegal financial deals by President Clinton, the Justice Department discovered that the President had lied under oath regarding an alleged affair with White House intern Monica Lewinsky.
PATRIOT ACT • Following 9/11, the Congress passed the Patriot Act, which enabled the Executive Branch to investigate terrorism suspects without warrants
WAR IN IRAQ • In March 2003, after several months of demanding Iraqi compliance with United Nations sanctions, the U.S. and Great Britain invaded Iraq and overthrew the government of Saddam Hussein