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Addressing the Low Carbon Skills Challenge (16.03.11). Phil Ford : Skills Strategy Manager. The prospects for construction in Scotland.

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the prospects for construction in scotland
The prospects for construction in Scotland
  • According to latest ONS data construction output in Scotland in the first half of 2010 was 11% up on the previous half year and 8% above the same period of 2009 in current prices
  • The strongest sectors in the first half of 2010 were infrastructure, public non-residential and industrial construction, the last albeit from a very low base
  • New orders were also stronger in the first half of the year than they have been for a while – up by 23% compared with the previous half year and 10% compared with the first half of 2009
  • Other evidence on the strength of construction in Scotland is more mixed. The Experian monthly survey of activity shows an index of under 50 for March to July, indicating falling activity, although it did go over 50 for August and September. The FMB’s activity balance for Scotland has remained negative throughout 2010 so far
regional devolved nation comparisons output and employment
Regional/devolved nation comparisons – output and employment

Average annual output growth rate, %, 2011-2015 Total employment growth rate, %, 2011-2015

UK average

UK average

“ No one should underestimate the sheer scale of the opportunity the transition to a low carbon economy will offer the construction industry. The requirement for low carbon construction is probably the biggest change management programme that the industry has faced since Victorian times."

Government's chief construction adviser Paul Morrell: March 2010

low carbon timeline scotland
Low Carbon Timeline - Scotland




Renewables Action Plan

31% energy generated from a renewable source


Kyoto Protocol – Interim Targets

12.5% CO2 reduction targets for UK


Zero Waste Plan

50% waste recycled and composted.

14% waste used for energy and 36% waste to landfill


Fuel poverty to be eradicated as far as possible

Phased zero net carbon emissions - space heating, hot water, lighting and ventilation by 2016-17

Fuel Poverty

Zero Carbon


Climate Change Act

Renewables AP

Renewable Heat AP

Zero Waste Plan

42% reduction in CO2 emissions

80% renewable generation

11% heat generated from renewable sources

60% waste recycled and composted

25% waste used for energy and 15% waste to landfill


Zero Waste Plan

70% waste recycled and composted

25% waste used for energy and 5% to landfill


other drivers for change
Other Drivers for Change
  • Policy/Regulation
    • Energy Efficiency Action Plan
    • Scottish Building Regulations
    • Low Carbon Economic Strategy
    • Sustainable Procurement Action Plan
    • Green Deal
  • Electricity/gas prices increasing – North Sea Grid
  • Feed in Tariffs/Renewable Heat Incentive
  • Technology - Pace of change with new products and processes
  • Social/community considerations in new developments
impact on skills
Impact on Skills

5 Broad Areas of Focus:

  • Microgeneration – solar, PV, wind, biomass, heat pumps
  • Macro generation – hydro, wave, tidal, wind
  • Energy Efficiency – retrofit/building fabric
  • Innovative Methods of Construction – offsite manufacture, new technologies/materials, lean construction etc)
  • Waste

Areas of skills impact:

  • Qualifications (Modern Apprenticeships, SVQs etc) and multi-skilling
  • Accreditation Schemes and recognition of competence
  • Flexible delivery models
key questions
Key Questions
  • What is the current and future demand for low carbon skills, training and qualifications?
  • What is the current and future required capacity within the supply side to deliver these low carbon skills?
  • What actions need to be taken in the short, medium and long term to balance the demand and supply equation?
potential number of homes benefiting from various measures
Potential Number of Homes benefiting from various measures

Source: Consultation on the energy efficiency action plan for Scotland, October 2009

Total number of FTE equivalent jobs estimated to be linked to energy efficiency and micro generation measures in Scotland, 2010-2020
impact on qualifications
Impact on Qualifications

UK Contractors Group

Large regional Bldg contractors

Civil Engineering Contractors

Industry Activity

Big SMEs and R&M

Specialist Contractors




Modern Methods


Traditional Construction

1920 - 2000

Built Heritage

Pre 1919


New credit system

to meet changing



and Partner SSCs


Existing qualifications expanded

to address carbon


Refurb /



Training and quals




Construction Industry


Commercial Blg

Public Blg

Civil Eng


New build

R & M

Offices, Hotels, Supermarkets

Education, NHS, Defence, MOJ

Road, Rail, Water etc

Wind, wave, Nuclear, Groundsource etc










Craft, management and professional occupations

Training/qualification framework in home building sector for a volume housebuilder

Construction Industry


Climate Change




  • WRAP
  • Recycling
  • Waste Minimisation
  • Waste management Plan
  • People waste
  • Mitigation
  • Adaptation
  • Usage and minimisation of:
  • Carbon
  • Water
  • Energy
  • Offsite activity and type
  • Lean Manufacturing
  • Robotics

New build

Existing Stock



  • Building Regulations
  • Flooding
  • Renewable energies
  • Air tightness
  • Cold Bridging
  • Building Regs Part J
  • Retrofit renewables
  • Insulation
  • Condensation
registration accreditation
  • Certification of Construction: Electrical Installations; Drainage, Plumbing and Heating work.
  • Microgeneration Certification Scheme (MCS): operates to support the installation of a range of microgeneration technology, which is now linked to the Feed-In Tariff. To be eligible for the FIT an installation must be carried out by an MCS accredited installer.
  • Energy Assessors: have to by certified by an approved organisation, which is an institute who have signed an agreement with Scottish Ministers.
  • Competence cards: there are a number of card schemes that operate across the construction industry such as CSCS/SCORE etc
meeting the challenge
Meeting the Challenge
  • Consistent methodology to determine demand and supply
  • Qualifications and MA reform (new and existing)
  • Promotion of Career pathways across the Built Environment
  • Clarity over routes to competence and accreditation schemes
  • ‘Training the Trainers’
  • Flexibility of funding and training delivery