Persia Unites Many Lands. Synopsis: The Persian Empire ruled with tolerance and wise government. Tolerance and wise government are characteristics of the most successful methods of rule. The Rise of Persia.
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Synopsis: The Persian Empire ruled with tolerance and wise government. Tolerance and wise government are characteristics of the most successful methods of rule.
The empire covered about 2,500 miles. Cyrus took all this land in just over 10 years.
Cyrus did not follow the examples of the Assyrians. The Assyrians had destroyed towns and cities.
Cyrus died in 530 B.C. The kings who followed him had to decide how to run the vast new empire.
The Battle of Pelusiumin525 B.C.E., was the first major battle between the Persian (Achaemenid) Empire, and Egypt. The Persians won decisively and Cambyses II was able to take the throne of Egypt.
The Egyptians were unwilling to strike the Persians during the battle, because the Persians were carrying shields with the image of Bastet on it. They also threw cats at the Egyptians.
As the Pharaoh over Egypt, Cambyses decided to lessen the taxes that the people had to pay to the priests. He told them that they would no longer have to give as much of their livestock for sacrifices.
Cambyses killed the Apis bull. This was a manifestation of the god Ptah and therefore a sacred animal.
Cambyses could be very cruel to those who he felt were corrupt. When he found out that a judge, Sisamnes, had accepted a bribe, he decided to make an example out of him.
Cambyses would have the judge arrested and punished. The punishment was far from ordinary.
“King Cambyses slit his throat and flayed off all his skin, and he strung the chair on which Sisamnes had used to sit to deliver his verdicts with these thongs.”
To replace Judge Sisamnes whom he had killed and flayed, Cambyses appointed Sisamnes’s son, Otanes, as the new judge.
Cambyses would continue to have trouble with the Egyptian priests. He decided to send 50,000 soldiers from Thebes to attack the Oasis of Siwa and destroy the oracle at the Temple of Amun.
At some point during their march, the mighty Persian army was said to have been overcome by a sandstorm in the Egyptian desert.
He glowed so bright that the people became frightened of him and wanted to destroy him.