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Globalization and Genocide. Ben Gera. Some Important Terms for You to Know. Genocide - the deliberate and systematic extermination of a national, racial, political, or cultural group. Glob⋅al⋅ize verb (used with object),  - ized , - iz⋅ing - to extend to other or all parts of the globe.

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some important terms for you to know
Some Important Terms for You to Know

Genocide -the deliberate and systematic extermination of a national, racial, political, or cultural group.

Glob⋅al⋅ize

verb (used with object), -ized, -iz⋅ing - to extend to other or all parts of the globe

the rwandan genocide

In 1994, Hutu political moderates conducted a mass killing of hundreds of thousands of Tutsis. In about 100 days, the Hutu Power movement eradicated close to one million people. This specific genocide is the MOST EFFICIENT mass killing ever conducted.

The Rwandan Genocide

On the evening of April 6, 1994, a surface-to-air missile hit the plane that was carrying Rwandan President Juvenal Habyarimana and Burundian presidnetCyprienNtaryamira.

cold blooded murder is what came to the minds of a hutu couple
Cold-Blooded Murder is what came to the minds of a Hutu couple…
  • “In Rwanda in the 1990s, a Tutsi woman, who had already seen seven members of her immediate family shot or hacked to death, begged a kindly Hutu couple to hide her twenty-month-old son from roaming death squads. The couple took the boy in, then killed him.” (Chua, 163)
globalization s connection to the rwandan genocide
Globalization’s Connection to the Rwandan Genocide

In 1897, German missionaries arrived in Rwanda.

In 1916, Belgians took over Rwanda and started to favor the Tutsis, who were lanky and had a more pale complexion, over the Hutu , who were shorter, blacker, and had wider noses.

The Belgians created the distinct line between the Hutu and the Tutsi. They created the myth that the Tutsi were intelligent and civilized while the Hutu were barbaric.

armenian genocide

Armenian Genocide

Armenians are marched to a nearby prison in Mezireh by armed Turkish soldiers. Kharpert, Armenia, Ottoman Empire in April 1915.

background of armenian genocide
Background of Armenian Genocide
  • The Ottoman Turks planned to exterminate the race of Armenians in their country. The plan to “systematically destroy a race” is referred to as being genocidal.

The genocide is known to have used massacres and forced marches under unbearable conditions in order to facilitate maximum Armenian deaths.

background continued
Background Continued…
  • Historians regard April 24, 1915 to be the official start of the Armenian genocide. On that day, the Turks arrested some 250 Armenian officials and intellectuals. The Turkish intention was to make sure there would be no organized rebellion.
result
Result?

At the end of the genocidal campaign, dead Armenians numbered between 1 and 1.5 million.

globalization s effect on the armenian genocide
Globalization’s Effect on the Armenian Genocide
  • Hundreds of years ago, the European Christians came to the Ottoman Empire in hopes of trading for valuable material.
  • The European Christians enjoyed working with the Armenians (WHO WERE ALSO CHRISTIAN). The Armenians became succesfsul merchants and enjoyed the economic benefits of wealth.
quote
Quote:
  • “Armenian success was associated with foreign influences, based in part on the Armenian importation of Western technologies. The prominence of Armenians as agents and brokers for European interests… seemed to confirm the picture of Christians not pulling together with the Muslim population in the interests of the state on whose territory they dwelled.” (Bloxham, 29)
globalization s e ffect continued
Globalization’s Effect Continued…
  • In June… Turks ordered the Armenians of the city toprepare for the trek to the interior on July 1. The proclamation assured Armenians of the right to reclaim their goods at the conclusion of the war.” (Payaslian, 60)
slide17

“About six Turkish soldiers stood behind the girls. They had whips and each had a gun. They were shouting, “Dance. Slut.” The girls’ clothes were now turning red. Some of them were half-naked; others tried to hold their clothes together. They began to fall down and when they did they were whipped until they stood and continued their dance. Each crack of the whip and more of their clothing came off.” (Balakian, 216)

witnessed during the armenian genocide
Witnessed during the Armenian Genocide….

“As the women began to collapse in burning heaps, oozing and black, the smell of burnt flesh made me sick. I fainted and your mother’s brother Haroutiun found me and took me home.” (Balakian, 217)

even until today the turkish government refuses to acknowledge the massacres as genocidal

Even until today, the Turkish government refuses to acknowledge the massacres as genocidal.

"Who, after all, talks nowadays of the annihilation of the Armenians?“ - Adolf Hitler

house panel approves armenian genocide resolution updated 10 11 2007 3 16 am
House panel approves Armenian genocide resolution Updated 10/11/2007 3:16 AM 

What about the United States of America?

| WASHINGTON (AP) — A U.S. congressional panel defied President Bush on Wednesday and approved a measure to recognize the Armenian massacres as genocidal.

Only in 2007 did the United States pass a resolution to recognize the massacres as a genocide.

bibliography
Bibliography

Chua, Amy. World On Fire. United States of America: Random House, Inc., 2003.      Print.

Gerard, Prunier. The Rwanda Crisis: History of a Genocide. Hong Kong: Columbia      University Press, 1995. Print.

Balakian, Peter. Black Dog of Fate. United States of America: Bantam Doubleday      Dell Publishing Group, Inc., 1997. Print.

Hovannisian, Richard G., Donald Bloxham, and Simon Payaslian. Looking Backward, Moving Forward. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction Publishers, 2003.      Print.

www.essex.ac.uk/.../armenia/default.html

education.crs.org/wyd/rwanda/about.cfm

www.webmd.com/.../diapering-a-baby-9/slideshow