Forest certification and its impacts in gabon
Download
1 / 17

Forest Certification and its impacts in Gabon - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 62 Views
  • Uploaded on

Forest Certification and its impacts in Gabon. Richard Eba ’ a Atyi. Introduction. Gabon is located in the West Coast of the Central Africa Sub-region Total land area of Gabon: 26.7 million ha Forest cover: 80.2% of the Total land area Exceptional biological diversity

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Forest Certification and its impacts in Gabon' - ramya


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Introduction
Introduction

  • Gabon is located in the West Coast of the Central Africa Sub-region

  • Total land area of Gabon: 26.7 million ha

  • Forest cover: 80.2% of the Total land area

  • Exceptional biological diversity

  • Population about 1.2 million inhabitants (low density)

  • National Economy based on oil (80% of GDP)

  • Timber harvesting and processing first source of employment from the private sector

  • Timber timber industry centered on one main species: Aucoumea klaineana (Okoumé)


Background
Background

  • Ownership and tenure

  • Markets of timber products

  • Public policy approach


Ownership and tenure
Ownership and tenure

  • All forests are an exclusive property of the the state of Gabon

  • Forest categorized in two: the state permanent forest domain and the rural forest domain

  • All timber harvesting preconditioned by authorization from the forestry administration

  • Local community enjoy customary usage rights over some forest products


Ownership and tenure continued
Ownership and tenure (continued)

  • Three types of logging permits (CFAD, PFA and PGG)

  • CFAD and PFA are logging concession granted within the permanent forest domain

  • Logging companies have no rights to exploit NTFP in concessions granted to them

  • Two types of taxes: area based (about one US$ /ha, and value based according to species)

  • 11 million ha already granted to 221 companies

  • 50% of the area opened are managed by 13 companies mostly owned by French business holdings


Markets of timber products from gabon
Markets of timber products from Gabon

  • Two production zones

  • Production of approximately 4 million cubic meter of industrial roundwood (70% of the production exported as raw logs)

  • SNBG in charge of the commercialization of timber products in international markets

  • Asian markets (particularly China) are the most important for Gabon’s timber products

  • Processed products are however exported towards Europe

  • Certified products exported mainly to Europe


Public policy approach
Public policy approach

  • Dominant role of the government in the decision making process

  • No institutionalized public debates on forest laws and regulations before adoption

  • Logging enterprises are usually informed and capable of influencing the process

  • Donor community has much influence in State decision making (WB, IMF)

  • International ENGOs also influential

  • Poor involvement of local populations


Initial support to forest certification gabon
Initial support to forest certification Gabon

  • Important role of international organization

  • The EU/WWF project

  • The National Working Group (NWG) on forest certification

  • ITTO and ATO

  • The Keurhout Foundation

  • Government and sub-regional organizations



Development of standards
Development of standards

  • The Keurhout approach

    • Minimum requirement

  • The FSC approach

    • No FSC working group

    • No specified national standards endorsed by FSC

  • The ATO/ITTO harmonized standards

    • A regional approach to standards development

    • Involvement of CIFOR and international ENGOs


Main problems and constraints in forestry sector
Main problems and constraints in forestry sector

  • Poor capacity of the forestry administration

  • Inadequate policy and institutional framework

  • Inadequate control, monitoring and enforcement of forestry laws

  • Lack of necessary preconditions for long term investment by the private sector

  • Insufficient access of local actors to information

  • Inadequate scientific knowledge


Reaction to forest certification by policy makers and local stakeholders
Reaction to forest certification by policy makers and local stakeholders

  • Negative perception by forestry administration at the beginning

    • Certification process dominated by NGOs

    • Problem of sovereignty

    • Certification does not take into account the specific environment of Gabon

  • Improved perception later

    • Potential positive impact on forest law enforcement


Reaction of forest concessions managing enterprises
Reaction of forest concessions managing enterprises stakeholders

  • Initial positive reaction

  • The Leroy Gabon case

  • Negative opinion of FSC

  • Fear of boycott of African tropical timber products in international markets

  • IFIA code conduct

  • Move towards the Keurhout scheme


Current status of forest land certification
Current status of forest land certification stakeholders

  • 1.5 millions ha certified under the Keurhout system

  • Three companies involved (Leroy, Rougier, Thanry)

  • No FSC certificate


Effects of forest certification
Effects of forest certification stakeholders

  • Difficult to isolate the effects of forest certification from those of general policy changes of the last few years.

  • Local population have a better say in forest management related issues (recent policy changes are partly responsible)

  • Improved governance in the forestry sector

  • Companies managing certified forest are more opened

  • Effect on local development (Thanry case)


Conclusion and prospects
Conclusion and prospects stakeholders

  • Forest certification can be considered as potential tool to promote sustainable forest management in Gabon

  • Forest certification weak as a market incentive for SFM in Gabon (importance of Asian markets)

  • Additional incentive to join forest certification from other processes such as the FLEG initiatives

  • What certification system to join?

  • New FSC Regional Office for Africa


Conclusion and prospects continued
Conclusion and prospects (continued) stakeholders

  • Pan African Forest Certification?

  • Phased approach to forest certification?

  • Potentials for forest certification to contribute to SFM limited