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Chapter 3.1. Exploring Careers. How to use formal and informal methods to research careers How to evaluate sources of career information How to identify work experience that can help you explore careers. Before you Read – Read to Learn.

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chapter 3 1

Chapter 3.1

Exploring Careers

before you read read to learn

How to use formal and informal methods to research careers

  • How to evaluate sources of career information
  • How to identify work experience that can help you explore careers
Before you Read – Read to Learn
main idea

Exploring Careers will help you find the employment possibilities that best match your interests, values and personal needs

Main Idea
key terms

Career Clusters

  • Exploratory Interview
  • Temp Work
  • Cooperative Program
  • Job Shadowing
  • Internship
  • Service Learning
Key Terms
researching career options

The US Department of Education has organized careers into 16 different career clusters

  • Key Term: Career Clusters – groups of related occupations
Researching Career Options
researching career options1

To research career options, you need to know how to find sources of information.

Researching Career Options

Primary Source

Original Information

Secondary Source

Information that other people have gathered

informal search

You can discover some of what the world has to offer simply by keeping your eyes and ears open

    • Interview people you know about their career experiences and ask the following questions:
      • What was your favorite job?
      • What was your least favorite job?
      • What was your most unusual job?
      • How do you like your current job?
Informal Search
finding career inspiration

You can find inspiration by observing and interacting with individuals

  • You can also find inspiration through characters portrayed in visual, print, and digital media
Finding Career Inspiration
formal research

Formal research is fully developed, formally presented, and gives you enough information to act on your ideas

  • As you research, keep a log of what you find
  • When you find a source, write the author or name of the organization that put the information together
  • As you find information, you will need to determine how credible the sources are
  • Check the information against other sources you have found
Formal Research
formal research3

Most Career Web sites list job opportunities according to industry title, key duties, location, and other criteria. When searching online, choose specific search terms

  • Since anyone can post information on the Internet, you need to make sure the information you sue is from a credible source
Formal Research
exploratory interviews

Build a list of people who work in careers that you find interesting.

  • Call someone on the list and set up an exploratory interview

Key Term:

Exploratory Interview: a short, informal talk with someone who works in a career that appeals to you

Exploratory Interviews

Exploratory Interview Questions:

How did you start your career?

What education and training did it require?

What do you like about your job?

What do you do during a typical workday?

learning from experience

By working part-time, you will gain experience, make personal contacts, and put some money in your pocket at the same time.

Temp work gives an opportunity to develop job skills, learn about different work environments, and develop contacts.

Learning from Experience

A Cooperative program can give you a chance to learn job skills while you are still in high school

Cooperative Program: An arrangement in which local businesses team up with schools, hiring students to perform jobs that use knowledge and skills taught in their school classes

Job Shadowing can help you learn firsthand what it would be like to work in a particular field

Job shadowing: following a worker on the job for a few days

learning from experience continued

Volunteering, Internships, and Community Work

  • Volunteer work is work you do without receiving pay
  • Volunteers gain valuable experience that can help them make career decisions
Learning from Experience Continued
  • Many communities and schools offer service learning programs as a way to explore careers
  • Service learning is connecting academic work with community service, allowing students to explore issues discussed in the classroom through personal experiences and community work
  • An Internshipcan sometimes lead to full-time, paying position.
  • An Internship is a short-term job or work project that usually requires formal commitment
exit ticket

On Notebook Paper – Answer the following questions:

  • Describe one informal method of researching careers
  • Explain how unpaid volunteer work might help you choose a career
  • What is one question you may ask during an exploratory interview?
  • Name one formal method of researching careers
  • Name one of the 16 career clusters you are interested in
Exit Ticket