Judaism By: Brelee Vick and Brittany Green 2nd Period February 19
Holy BookTorah • Includes all Jewish law and tradition. • In Judaism the actions are more important than beliefs. • The Torah is the first five books of Moses • It was given to Moses in written form with oral commentary.
LeaderAbraham • “ The Hebrew leader Abraham founded Judaism” • “ He founded it around 2000 B.C.” • “ Moses gave the Jews the Torah around 1250 B.C.
Religious Symbols • “ Mezuzah is a reminder of the commandments.” • Magen David is a modern universal Jewish symbol. 3. “ The Menorah is the ancient universal Jewish symbol of Judaism.”
Timeline http://www.myjewishlearning.com/Jewish-History-Timeline/ • A fire engulfed a company building. 147 women and 21 men died, some Jews. • Moses Mendelssohn argued for the liberalization of Judaism. • Large numbers of Jews in Spain converted to Christianity, but many practiced Judaism in secret.
Historical Background • The Jewish Diaspora begins in the year 587 B.C.E. • The Kingdom of Judea was conquered by the Babylonians. • A large number of the Jewish population was exiled when the temple was destroyed in Jerusalem. • The Jews are longing to return to the Land of Israel, they live in Diaspora.
Religion Today • Today the Jews still have Heschel, where they live under tyrammy for six days a week. • http://www.myjewishlearning.com/jewish-recipes/index.shtml • Some Jews still speak Hebrew.
Holy Day/ PilgrimageYom Kippur • It is a day set aside to atone the sins from the past year. • Yom Kippur means “ Day of Atonement.” • It occurs on the 10th day of Tishri. • In the synagogue in prayer most of the holiday. • “ The evening service that starts Yom Kippur is known for KolNidre named for the Prayer that begins the service.”
Sites we used! • www.Avl.lib.al.us (Britannica) • www.Judaism.about.com • www.Myjewishlearning.com • www.factmonster.com • www.Judaism101.com
Dreidal • It is used in the dreidal game. • A rabbi used a dreidal to fool the Greeks so they would not know they were studying the Torah which had been outlawed. • The letters nun,gimmel,hey, and shin are supposed to stand for the four kingdoms which tried to destroy them in ancient times.