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Education in the UK. University Foundation Course. Presentation focus. The School System in England. Presentation Overview. Structure of English Educational System Voluntary & Compulsory stages Examinations and Assessments History of education in England

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education in the uk

Education in the UK

University Foundation Course

presentation focus
Presentation focus

The School System in England

presentation overview
Presentation Overview
  • Structure of English Educational System
    • Voluntary & Compulsory stages
    • Examinations and Assessments
  • History of education in England
  • Education in the news – current topics of debate
voluntary and compulsory stages
Voluntary and Compulsory Stages

Pre-school: age 3 – 5 (voluntary)

  • Foundation Stage 1
    • part-time, nursery or childcare environment, age 3-4
  • Foundation Stage 2
    • full-time, “Reception”, in Infant or Primary school
  • In 1970 21% of 3 to 4-year-olds attended some form of pre-school education
  • In 2006 the number had gone up to 64%
early years education two thirds of 3 and 4 year olds go to school
Early years educationTwo thirds of 3 and 4 year olds go to school

Children under five in schools, UK

voluntary and compulsory stages1
Voluntary and Compulsory Stages

Full-time education: age 5 – 16 (compulsory)

  • State schools, independent schools, home-schooling
  • Compulsory school begins with the term which follows child’s 5th birthday
  • Most enrol in reception class in September of that school year (age 4 or 4.5)
  • Compulsory school continues until age 16
examinations and assessments
Examinations and Assessments

The National Curriculum

  • Key Stage National Curriculum Tests
    • Key Stage 1 (KS1) – during Year 2 (ages 6/7)
    • Key Stage 2 (KS2) – end of Year 6 (ages 10/11)
    • Key Stage 3 (KS3) – end of Year 9 (ages 13/14)
    • Key Stage 4 (KS4) – end of Year 10 & 11 (ages 14-16) – incorporated into GCSE examinations
  • Key Stage Exams often referred to as SATs (Standard Assessment Tests)
examinations and assessments1
Examinations and Assessments

GCSE examinations (14-16)

  • Broad range of 6 to 10 subjects, must include
    • English
    • Maths
    • Science
  • Exams usually sat at age 16
    • The youngest student to gain a GCSE is home-educated Arran Fernandez, who took GCSE Mathematics in 2001 at the age of five, gaining grade D. In 2003 he became the youngest ever student to gain an A* grade, also for Mathematics.
  • Pass grades, from highest to lowest, are
    • A*, A, B, C, D, E, F, G
    • Fail Grade is U (Unclassified)
examinations and assessments2
Examinations and Assessments
  • GCSE subjects

Design & Technology – textiles, electronics, food

Languages – French, German, Spanish, Arabic, Latin

Humanities – geography, history, religious studies

Business studies, Home Economics, Citizenship, Psychology, Sociology

Arts, Dance, Drama, Media Studies, Fashion

voluntary and compulsory stages2
Voluntary and Compulsory Stages

Post 16 education – not compulsory

  • Therefore school pupils can leave school at 16
  • In 2007, government announced plan to increase school leaving age to 18 (to come into effect in 2013)
  • Around 70% of 16 year-olds remain in education
examinations and assessments3
Examinations and Assessments

A Levels examinations (16-18)

  • Final 2 years in Sixth Form
  • A Level is exam taken for university entrance
  • Students typically only take 3 subjects, sometimes 4
  • Comprise of 6 modules assessed over 2 years
  • End of year 1 (3 modules) = AS Level
  • End of second year (3 modules) = A2 Level
  • Grades:
    • A=80%+, B=70% - 79%, C=60% - 69%, D=50% - 59%, E=40% - 49%
a brief history of education in uk
A brief history of education in UK
  • Changes in education a result of changes in government
  • 1980s The Conservatives
    • National Curriculum
    • SATs
    • League Tables
    • Parental choice
a brief history of education in uk1
A brief history of education in UK
  • 1997 – present day: New Labour
    • “Education, Education, Education”
    • Ofsted inspections
    • Catchment areas
    • City Academies
    • NVQs
current topics of debate
Current topics of debate

League tables & results driven performance