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ralph-alvarez

Grammar Points to Watch out For - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Grammar Points to Watch out For
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  1. Grammar Points to Watch out For

  2. 1. DON’T start a sentence with a conjunction: and, or, but, so. INCORRECT: My mother is really tall. And she has a loud voice. Change #1 – Simple sentence with compound subject or verb CORRECT: My mother is really tall and has a loud voice. Change #2 – Compound sentence (SVSV), add comma CORRECT: My mother is really tall, and she has a loud voice. Change #3 – Two sentences with a transition signal CORRECT: My mother is really tall. She also has a loud voice.

  3. MAKE CHANGES TO CORRECT THIS SENTENCE! INCORRECT: It’s sunny today. But I’m too cold to go swimming. Change #1: Simple sentence with compound subject or verb INCORRECT: It’s not possible to do here. There are two different subjects and nothing similar linking them. Change #2: Compound sentence (SVSV), add comma CORRECT: It’s sunny today, but I’m too cold to go swimming. Change #3: Two sentences with a transition signal CORRECT: It’s sunny today. However, I’m too cold to go swimming.

  4. How can we fix these sentences? INCORRECT: She ate a lot of pizza. So her pants don’t fit. She ate a lot of pizza, so her pants don’t fit. She ate a lot of pizza. Therefore, her pants don’t fit. INCORRECT: I’d like to go to Paris. Or I’d like to go to Berlin. I’d like to go to Paris or Berlin. I’d like to go to Paris, or I’d like to go to Berlin. I’d like to go to Paris. On the other hand, I’d also like to go to Berlin.

  5. SUMMARY OF BASIC RULES • You can always make a COMPOUND SENTENCE by joining the two sentences together using a comma (,) before the conjunction. • You can often make a simple sentence with a compound subject or verb. See if either the subject or verb in the sentences is the same. • You can often use a transition signal to begin a sentence. (And = moreover, furthermore, also) (But = however)(So = therefore) (Or = on the other hand).

  6. 2. DON’T Change verb tense for no reason When you write a paragraph or tell a story, you will usually stay in one tense. PRESENT TENSE Little Red Riding Hood is a young girl who takes a basket of food to her grandma’s house. She walks through the woods. On the way, she meets a wolf. PAST TENSE Little Red Riding Hood was a young girl who took a basket of food to her grandma’s house. She walked through the woods. On the way, she met a wolf. ??? TENSE ??? Little Red Riding Hood was a young girl who takes a basket of food to her grandma’s house. She walks through the woods. On the way she met a wolf. That last paragraph will just make your reader tense...

  7. 3. BE CAREFUL making negative statements. Choose the correct helping verb. BE = use with nouns and adjectives She isn’t a doctor. They aren’t very smart. DO=use with verbs She doesn’t work at the hospital. They don’t pass the test. Which sentences are correct? He isn’t like sushi or other Japanese food. We don’t eat at McDonald’s anymore. I don’t score very high on tests. My score don’t very high on that test. They aren’t work at the school. They aren’t workers at the school.