1.Overview 2.Nicaragua 3.Mexico. Maquiladoras. By Mahghadi Daniel, Deanna Delello, Brenda Miranda. 1. Overview. Maquiladora plants are generally foreign-owned firms, many of which are subsidiaries of U.S.-headquartered multinational enterprises. M aquiladora.
Maquiladora plants are generally foreign-owned firms, many of which are subsidiaries of U.S.-headquartered multinational enterprises.
Under the laws of Maquiladora and NAFTA:
Since the mid-1960’s the maquiladora has been understood as:
Increases or improvements in:
Why were they created?
Bracero– a program that had provided work
authorization for Mexican farm workers in the
1960’s and 1970’s
From World Bank.org
Exploitation in the
2. Frequent verbal
3. Forced overtime
Low wages (as low as $.95/day)
Organized union and members were fired.
Sweat shop conditions
Filthy & cramped
Young workers (as young as 15) work
13 hour s/7days
4. In Nov, 1999, 45 workers were hospitalized due to chemical exposure at the plant
* JC Penney
6. Mass firings and
7. Cheating on Social
* Sonoma (Kohl’s)
* High Sierra (Target)
*Arizona Jeans (JCPenney)
the worst working conditions
in Las Mercedes FTZ
(according to the Natl. Labor Committee)
“Piece work, repression, & low salaries are as old as the industrial revolution that changed the world forever.” (Revista Envio)www.envio.org.ni
the main source of new jobs in Mexico and one of the leading
generators of foreign exchange.
employed in the maquiladora industry,
drivers, if not the main driver, of the Mexican border economy.
Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico