INDEPENDENCE & CONFEDERATION. The American Revolution and the Articles of Confederation. 1.Put the following events in the correct chronological order: a. Boston Tea Party b. First Continental Congress c. Intolerable Acts d. Tea Act
The American Revolution and the Articles of Confederation
a. Boston Tea Party b. First Continental Congress
c. Intolerable Acts d. Tea Act
2. What might have been a reason that the British felt they could pass the Quartering Act?
a. The colonists should have to pay money
b. England was protecting the colonies
c. The government called for it
d. They needed better technology
The year is 1776. The United States has just declared itself free, and they need to set up their first national government. YOU have been put in charge to make this happen. What would you try to do first? Set up a court system? Police? Governors? Elect a president? Education? Safety? Something else?
Do you think the colonists would have wanted another king after they won the American Revolution?
Country= United States of America Rulebook=Articles ofConfederation
1. Review: What are our three branches of government?
2. The Constitution was the first constitution for our government (T/F)
Under the Articles the Confederation Congress had the following powers:
“His Brittanic Majesty acknowledges the said United States, viz., New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia, to be free sovereign and independent states, that he treats with them as such, and for himself, his heirs, and successors, relinquishes all claims to the government, propriety, and territorial rights of the same and every part thereof.”
WHAT DOES THE KING OF BRITAIN AGREE TO HERE?
Massachusetts: The old messy way of dividing land
1777 - Articles of Confederation
ANSWER: Why did the Articles not want the government to be like the king?
WHY IS THIS SEEN AS A BAD THING?
One of the biggest examples of the weaknesses of the Articles was Shays’ Rebellion, which took place in Massachusetts. When a group of farmers rioted about a proposed tax, there was no strong national army in place to calm it down.
Enforce a law if a state did not accept it
Amend the AOC without consent of all states
Have a president
There could be no stronger evidence of the want of energy in our governments than these disorders.
-- George Washington
Declaration of Independence
US Congress (House and Senate)
1. What were the new powers the Constitution had that the AOC DID NOT have?
2. Predict: Do you think it was easy for the states to compromise or not? Why or why not?
The Constitution was written in 1787 to make the national government STRONG by
1. Giving it more powers
2. Creating 3 branches of government
The rulebook was not officially approved by all 13 states until 1790 after COMPROMISES had to be made
Four Debates need to be settled! The Convention has come to YOU to ask for your expert advice! Let’s examine the problems you have to solve on the next slide!
With your partner, discuss a compromise for the four questions listed on the slide below. Write your responses on a sheet of lined paper to turn in to me! You have 10 minutes =)
Should each state have the same number of representatives in Congress? Consider: do all states have the same size population?
2. Should we keep slavery or get rid of it? Consider: should the government control moral values and how states make money?
3. Should slaves be counted as “real people” when determining the population of a state? Consider: were slaves human or property, and did they have the same rights as citizens? Did large states or small states have slaves?
4. Should we have a STRONG or WEAK national (federal) government: Consider: states’ rights, the Articles of Confederation…
Anyone think they had GREAT ideas?
Let’s see what actually happened…
Q: Should each state have the same number of representatives in Congress?
This plan proposed three separate branches of government and a bicameral (2 house) legislature where representation will be based upon states population or money contributions.
US Senate= 100 members
7. What does the word bi- mean? What is a bicameral legislature?
US House of Representatives= 435 members
Q: Should we keep slavery or get rid of it?
10. Why do you think they made the Slave Trade Compromise?
Q: Should slaves be counted as “real people” (not property) so they count towards representation in the HoR?
11. Consider this: 1 representative for 100 people. Fill out the chart below according to the conditions
12. Would northern or southern states prefer to count slaves towards representation in the HoR? Why? Does this seem strange?
White population: 800
Slave population: 0
Total population: 800
White population: 600
Slave population: 400
Total population: 1000
Compromise: The 3/5 Compromise= Slaves will count as 3/5ths of a regular “white” person
5 slaves = 3 people for the HoR
Which of the following is an argument an Federalist would make in favor of the Patriot Act?
What were supporters of the Bill of Rights called?
Why did the Anti-Federalists want a Bill of Rights in their Constitution?
Which of the following resolved the fight over representation in Congress between small and large states?