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How have cartoonists shown the Old Age Pension Act 1908

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How have cartoonists shown the Old Age Pension Act 1908. 1908 Old Age pensions . Is this man a pensioner ? What do we need to know in order to answer the question?. a . When the photo was taken . b. How old the man was at the time. c. Whether he had a criminal record etc.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1
How have cartoonists

shown the

Old Age Pension Act

1908

slide3
Is this man a pensioner? What do we need to know in order to answer the question?

a. When the photo was taken

b. How old the man was at the time

c. Whether he had a criminal record etc.

d. Whether he was on poor relief/ what income he had

e. Whether he is simply supplementing his inadequate pension

This man is selling matches and collar studs

old age pensions act 1908
Old Age Pensions Act 1908
  • Weekly pensions provided by the Government for the elderly
  • 5s per week to single people over 70, 7s 6d to couples
  • Full amounts paid only to those who earned less than £21 per year
  • For British citizens who had lived there for 10+ years
  • Not for anyone who had been in prison during the 19 years before claiming their pension
  • The first pensions were paid in January 1909 and were very popular among pensioners.
slide5
This is a pension claim from a widow, Elizabeth Murphy. The majority of pensioners were women - who usually lived longer than men and were poorer. As you can see, Mrs Murphy had no income and relied on her children for support. Under the Act she was able to claim a pension of up to 5 shillings a week.
how have cartoonists shown the old age pension reform
How have cartoonists shown the Old Age Pension reform?

Instructions

1) Get into pairs. You need one copy of the sheet divided into 4 and a pencil and rubber!

2) Person A QUICKLY draws the first part from the screen – person B faces away.

3) Person B draws the second part – person A faces away.

4) Swap back and repeat.

5) Look at finished picture and work it out.

slide11
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2

3

4

how do i interpret this cartoon
How do I interpret this cartoon?
  • Context – what was happening at the time?
  • Content – what is happening in the cartoon?
  • Comment – what is the meaning of the cartoon?
slide13
Car on horizon represents the rich who are going to be taxed to pay for the reforms.

This is Lloyd George, Chancellor of the Exchequer.

Shown as an armed highwayman,

but why?

Money he is about to steal from the rich is going to pay for Old Age Pensions. The

Cartoon is August 1908.

A philanthropist is someone who helps his fellow man, by force if necessary.

If the rich really do pity the poor, let them show it with their money, from direct taxation.

slide15
Many people were delighted with the reforms.

........................But was everyone?

slide16
The new pension was a crucial step to improve the quality of lives of many thousands of old people. It freed them of the fear of being sent to the workhouse.

What would a pessimist say?

Optimist

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