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Chapter 27 Comparing systems of government. Section 1 Types of government. Aristotle was a scholar who lived in ancient Greece, he identified three different types of government systems. Defining types of government. 1 – Rule by a single person. 2 – Rule by a small elite group.

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defining types of government

Aristotle was a scholar who lived in ancient Greece, he identified three different types of government systems

Defining types of government
authoritarian gpvernment

Oligarchy is when power is concentrated in a small group

A dictatorship is when power is in the hands of one person

Authoritarian Gpvernment

Dictators are like absolute monarchs because they both exercise complete control over the state.

  • They can take power by force, or, if there is a crisis, authorities may place them in charge

To stay in power, dictators normally rely on the police and military

  • They will also tamper with elections, limit freedom of speech, assembly and the press

Manuel Noriega

Fidel Castro

Saddam Hussein


In a totalitarian state, the government’s control extends to almost all aspects of people’s lives

They normally have a master plan for the economy and society


These regimes would regulate industries and farms produce

The suppress individual freedom and control the media and use propaganda and scare tactics

democratic governments

In most countries with monarchs, absolute monarchy has given way to constitutional monarchy

  • Power of the hereditary ruler is limited by the constitution and laws
Democratic governments
democratic governments1

Characteristics of democracy include

    • Individual liberty
    • Majority rule with minority rights
    • Free elections with secret ballot
Democratic governments
democratic governments2

In constitutional monarchies, the monarchs are heads of state only

They preside over ceremonies and serve as symbols of unity

Democratic governments
other types of democratic systems

Another type of democracy is the republic – a representative government, no leaders inherit office

  • The people elect representatives and give them power to make laws and conduct government
Other types of democratic systems
the expansion of democracy

Of the more than 190 countries in the world, nearly 2/3rds have democratic governments

Direct and representative are the two forms of democratic systems

Representative is the norm (there are no direct)

The expansion of democracy
presidential vs parliamentary systems

Most democratic countries follow the parliamentary system

They call their legislature, Parliament and their head of government the Prime Minister

Presidential VS parliamentary systems
parliamentary systems

The top officials perform both the executive and legislative functions

They are responsible for what?

How is that different than the US system?

Parliamentary systems
parliamentary systems1

Who is the head of state in most Presidential systems?

Is the Prime Minister always the head of state in Parliamentary system?

Parliamentary systems

List 4 different types of governmental systems we talked about in class

  • If you lived in a brand new country, which system would you want to live in, or participate in?
    • Explain why in at least two full sentences