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Chapter 27 Comparing systems of government
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  1. Chapter 27 Comparing systems of government

  2. Section 1 Types of government

  3. Aristotle was a scholar who lived in ancient Greece, he identified three different types of government systems Defining types of government

  4. 1 – Rule by a single person

  5. 2 – Rule by a small elite group

  6. 3 – Rule by the people

  7. Authoritarian Democratic Categorizing governmental systems

  8. Oligarchy is when power is concentrated in a small group A dictatorship is when power is in the hands of one person Authoritarian Gpvernment

  9. Monarchy is when a government has a hereditary, they inherit the position of power Absolute Monarchy

  10. Absolute monarchs have unlimited authority to rule as they wish Absolute monarchy

  11. Dictators are like absolute monarchs because they both exercise complete control over the state. • They can take power by force, or, if there is a crisis, authorities may place them in charge dictatorship

  12. To stay in power, dictators normally rely on the police and military • They will also tamper with elections, limit freedom of speech, assembly and the press dictatorship

  13. Manuel Noriega Fidel Castro Saddam Hussein dictatorship

  14. In a totalitarian state, the government’s control extends to almost all aspects of people’s lives They normally have a master plan for the economy and society totalitarianism

  15. These regimes would regulate industries and farms produce The suppress individual freedom and control the media and use propaganda and scare tactics Totalitarianism

  16. Totalitarian regimes

  17. In most countries with monarchs, absolute monarchy has given way to constitutional monarchy • Power of the hereditary ruler is limited by the constitution and laws Democratic governments

  18. Characteristics of democracy include • Individual liberty • Majority rule with minority rights • Free elections with secret ballot Democratic governments

  19. In constitutional monarchies, the monarchs are heads of state only They preside over ceremonies and serve as symbols of unity Democratic governments

  20. Another type of democracy is the republic – a representative government, no leaders inherit office • The people elect representatives and give them power to make laws and conduct government Other types of democratic systems

  21. Of the more than 190 countries in the world, nearly 2/3rds have democratic governments Direct and representative are the two forms of democratic systems Representative is the norm (there are no direct) The expansion of democracy

  22. Most democratic countries follow the parliamentary system They call their legislature, Parliament and their head of government the Prime Minister Presidential VS parliamentary systems

  23. The top officials perform both the executive and legislative functions They are responsible for what? How is that different than the US system? Parliamentary systems

  24. All of the Prime Minister’s cabinet also serve in the Parliament • Different from the US? Parliamentary system

  25. How are the leaders chosen in a Presidential and Parliamentary system? Appointing a leader

  26. Who is the head of state in most Presidential systems? Is the Prime Minister always the head of state in Parliamentary system? Parliamentary systems

  27. Pros? Cons? Pros and Cons

  28. List 4 different types of governmental systems we talked about in class • If you lived in a brand new country, which system would you want to live in, or participate in? • Explain why in at least two full sentences