DEFENSE REVIEW AND
Download
1 / 20

DEFENSE REVIEW AND STATUS OF DEFENSE REFORM Maj. Zoltan HORVATH Staff Officer, J-5, HUMOD, DS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 108 Views
  • Uploaded on

DEFENSE REVIEW AND STATUS OF DEFENSE REFORM Maj. Zoltan HORVATH Staff Officer, J-5, HUMOD, DS. February 2005. Defense Review. Reasons. Mission. The changing security environment - NATO enlargement; - 11 September. Defense and security interest s abroad

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' DEFENSE REVIEW AND STATUS OF DEFENSE REFORM Maj. Zoltan HORVATH Staff Officer, J-5, HUMOD, DS' - raja-everett


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Defense review and status of defense reform maj zoltan horvath staff officer j 5 humod ds

DEFENSE REVIEW AND

STATUS OF DEFENSE REFORM

Maj. Zoltan HORVATH

Staff Officer, J-5, HUMOD, DS

February 2005


Defense review
Defense Review

Reasons

Mission

  • The changing security environment

    - NATO enlargement;

    - 11 September.

  • Defense and security interests abroad

  • Shortfalls, surplus and obsolete capabilities in the defense sector

  • The former force structure was financiallyunaffordable

  • Financial shortfalls in the area of maintenance and modernization

„To qualitatively contribute to the Euro-Atlantic peace and security”

  • To balance the new security challenges and available resources

  • To deliver a properly costed 10 year plan

  • To develop realistic, affordable, military capabilities

  • To transform to voluntary based, fully professional armed forces

Objectives


Assumptions
Assumptions

  • Threats:

    • No large-scale conventional threat to NATO and Hungary within the foreseeable future

  • Potential threats

    • Regional instability: Balkans, Mediterranean

    • Terrorism

    • Proliferation of WMD, delivery means

  • Risks

    • Illegal and mass migration, organized crime, drug-trafficking, environmental and other risks


The ten step process of the review

9

5

3

1

4

8

7

2

6

Agree Foreign and Security Policy objectives

Identify Required Military Capabilities

Identify options

Develop credible and robust costing

Decide on priorities

Agree Planning Assumptions

Identify the full implications

Agree Defense Objectives

Agree Military Missions and Tasks

10

Allocate resources and finalize Master Plan

The ten-step process of the Review



Defense review and status of defense reform maj zoltan horvath staff officer j 5 humod ds

Force development considerations

  • Collective security requirement

  • Retain military capabilities justified by the level of ambition.

  • Operations in Allied (International) Coalition – expeditionary forces.

  • Modular, multifunctional, flexible units.

  • Increase number of deployable combat elements.

  • Enhance combat support and combat service support capabilities.

  • Focus on Alliance shortfalls (bridging, MP, water purification).

  • Focus on „Niche” capabilities (medical, CIMIC, NBC, SOF).

  • Replace old, obsolete WP equipment with NATO compatible systems.

  • Corps level support artillery, EW, AIFVs eliminated, MBTs downsized.

  • Transformation, modernization, transition to voluntary based, fully professional armed forces.


Level of ambition as a result of defense review

One brigade,

no rotation, one shot

Capability Gaps

NRF Concept

PCC Areas

Role Sharing

Multinational Efforts

Water purification coy

Bridging

battalion

MP battalion

Level of ambition(as a result of Defense Review)

NATO Article 5, EU operations,deployment

with all CS and CSS elements

Operations

abroad

Four Gripens for Air-to-Ground tasks

Four transport helos

Two battalion size forces,

max 1600 persons,

A-B-C rotation

Air policing

Specialization

One shot

no rotation

„Niche capabilities”

(Med, CIMIC, CBNR,

SOF, HUMINT, PSYOPS)


Defense review and status of defense reform maj zoltan horvath staff officer j 5 humod ds

1st period

2004.03.01-

2004.08.31.

2nd period

2004.05.01-

2004.10.31.

3rd period

2004.07.01-

2005.02.28.

4 th period

2005.03.01-

2005.08.31.

5 th period

2005.09.01-

2006.02.28.

Human Sector

Legal Sector

Technical Modernization,

Acquisition

Budget and Finance sector

Military Sector

The long term approach of the HDF transformation

2004-2013

Cost-balanced 10-year Plan

PHASE I

2004 - 2006

PHASE II

2007 - 2010

PHASE III

2011 - 2013


Characteristics of phases
Characteristics of phases

THE FIRST PHASE2004-2006

VOLUNTARY BASED, PROFESSIONAL FORCE

  • To establish a new structure, and new dislocation;

  • To decrease the number of the garrisons and facilities;

  • To establish the framework of the manning ratios;

  • To start to equip NATO command and assigned units with state of arts military hardware in order to reach their full operational capability;

  • To withdraw the obsolete, surplus assets from service,

  • To improve the working and living conditions.


Characteristics of phases1
Characteristics of phases

THE SECOND PHASE

2007-2010

Training and preparedness

To fully equip NATO command and assigned units with state of arts military hardware in order to reach their full operational capability.

The military units meet the Allied and National requirements in accordance with their readiness category.

The goal of achievements

To stabilize manning level and the ratio within it.

To reach average level of the Alliance in fields of: operational capability, preparedness, and military hardware.

THE THIRD PHASE

2008-2013


Achievements in 2004
Achievements in 2004

  • Structural changes – downsizing the force

  • The number of personnel has been reduced (32 000 in peacetime)

  • Quality of training has been improved – NCOs, contracted soldiers

  • Acquisitions:

    • CIS assets, NBC protection assets, water purification equipment

    • Vehicle program

  • Disposal/withdrawal of surplus military hardware

  • Infrastructural investments

    • Garrison reconstructions

    • Housing improvements of personnel

    • NATINEADS facilities

  • The last conscript soldier left the military service on November 03, ’04!


Defense review and status of defense reform maj zoltan horvath staff officer j 5 humod ds

New Budgetary conditions

  • 42 Billion HUF defense budget cut in 2004

  • Defense Review budgetary forecast for 2005 1.76 %,

  • for 2006 and onwards 1.81% GDP share

  • (Governmental resolution, communicated to the Alliance)

  • New (2004) forecast for 2005 1.27%, for 2006 1,24 %

  • ... 2009 and onwards 1,41 GDP share

  • Shortfall is approx 1.17 Billion HUF (4.8 Million €)

  • for ten years, an average 24.7 %

Reasons: increasing national

budget deficit,

inflation decreasing efforts

Consequence:

new plan with new priorities

Note: Billion HUF at 2004 prices level


Managing the problem
Managing the problem

  • Consequences

    • Impact on the Level of Ambition

    • Impact on capabilities, force structure

    • Impact on NATO declared forces (FGs)

    • Drastic saving policy is needed

  • Conclusion: Need to review the Level of Ambition, Scenarios, Concurrency, Capabilities to achieve, Force Proposals (Force Goals), Prague Capability Commitment

    (Done, DPQ correction prepared for Governmental approval)

  • Priorities

    • NATO/EU declared forces, (NRF/EU Battle Group), PSOs, modernization

  • Balancing the resource-plan: „Review the Review”, rolling the ten year plan, free up and reallocate resources

    • Cut personal costs

    • Reprioritize procurement programs

    • Cut infrastructure operational-maintenance and development funds

    • Cut training costs

    • Further rationalize general operational-maintenance costs

    • Reduce national development programs, international costs

    • Review and reduce the force structure


Correction in the level of ambition
Correction in the Level of Ambition

One HRF BDE including CS/CSS for six month

+

Concurrency option from 2014

1200 persons for enduring operations, ormax 6500 persons for six months

One bn-sized deployment

or

Σ1200

Operations

abroad

Four Gripens for Air-to-Ground tasks

EITHER

?

OR

Twelve attack helos

No modernization

?

Fifteen cspt helos

Two Medevac helos

AND

Two (1.5) battalion-sized deployment, max 1200 persons, A-B-C rotation

1000 persons until 2010

Specialization

„Niche capabilities”

(Med, CIMIC, CBRN, SOF)

MP trained inf battalion

Water purification coy

(- one platoon)

Bridging

battalion

company

For six month

+ HUMINT, PSYOPS; SOF from 2010, DECON coy 2010


Defense review and status of defense reform maj zoltan horvath staff officer j 5 humod ds

Land Forces

2 infantry brigades, of which one with CS, CSS elements(PD)

SOFbattalion(from 2010)(D)

Reconnaissance battalion(D)

Engineer brigade, bridging and water purification capabilities included(PD)

NBC battalion(D)

Tank battalion(2010)(ND)

Logistic regiment(PD)

Basic training centre(ND)

Manouvre Training Centre(ND)

Air Force

Air Base (MOB), all fix-winged assets, GRIPEN(D)(MiG-29 until 2009) transport, training aircraft

Air Base (MOB) reserve

Helicopter Base, Mi-24,(ND)Mi-8/17 (PD), support and logistic elements

Ground Based Air Defense Brigade (SA-6+MISTRAL) C2, support and logistic elements(PD)

Air Surveillance Regiment(ND)

-CRC / AOC/(ND)

-SOF(ND)

Support battalion(2007)(ND)

The new force structure

  • Logistics

  • Central Logistic Base (ND)

  • Dangerous Materiel Supply Group(ND)

  • Support Regiment(PD)

  • Explosive Ordnance Disposal and Flotilla Regiment (D)

  • Movement Coordination Centre

  • Printing Office(ND)

  • METEO Service(ND)

  • Mapping Service(ND)

  • CIMIC and PSYOPS Center(D)

  • Equipment Surplus Storage Facility(ND)

?

?

D – deployable, PD – partially deployable, ND – non-deployable

Modular, multifunctional, flexible

Increase number of deployable elements

Enhanced combat support (CS), combat service support (CSS)


Balancing measures
Balancing measures

  • Review the force structure, further cut non-deployable elements:

    • eliminate tank battalion in 2007, reestablish one light infantry battalion

    • close Taszár Air Base by 1 July 2005

    • withdraw SA-6 GBAD from service

    • transfer Kecskemét Military Hospital to local authorities, retain Military Aviation Medical Research Center

    • eliminate Central Aviation Repair Facility by 2008

    • overview JLC support battalion tasks and structure

    • transfer the Military Prison to the Ministry of Justice

    • overview signal requirements, streamline signal units

    • close/hibernate war headquarters

    • overview brigade, battalion staff-structures, maintenance units, air bases


New characteristics of force

FOC

III

III

6 months

6 months

III

6 months

IOC

Deployed or deployable

New characteristics of force

  • All volunteer, professional forces – new life in the barracks

  • New ratio of personnel (officer/NCO, rank)

  • New career model – evaluation, competition, retain qualified personnel

  • New training concept

  • Improved basic and advanced training, hire special skilled personnel from the labor market

  • Contracting soldiers – basis for NCO corps

  • Outsourcing

  • Improve living and working conditions, new garrison model – reconstruction program


What we might win
What we might win?

  • By 2006, 6 well-manned, equipped, deployable, flexible, trained infantry battalions

  • Modern fighters, 3D radars, modernized transport helicopters

  • Specialization (water purification, bridging, military police capability)

  • Meet important Allied requirements (NRF, FP-2004, PCC, EU )

  • Further modernization (organizational, equipment)

    • Extended, enhanced fire power

    • Improved deployability

    • NATO sustainability requirements

  • In line with NATO operational standards

  • Based on existing capabilities

  • Decrease effects on personnel caused by relocations to another garrison

  • Effective recruiting system

  • Balanced resource plan in every year


Defense review and status of defense reform maj zoltan horvath staff officer j 5 humod ds

Accession Process

90000

85000

80000

75000

Strategic Review

70000

65000

60000

Defense Review

55000

50000

45000

40000

35000

30000

25000

Near-Term Operational Education

20000

CAPABILITY TRANSFORMATION

New training concept

1997

1997

2000

2000

1996

1996

1999

1999

2001

2001

2002

2002

2003

2003

1995

1995

1998

1998

2004

2004

New ratio of personnel

  • Usability-availability, deployability

PRAGUE

  • No general (nucl.) threat

  • New security challenges

  • Coop with former adversaries

Specialized capabilities

NEW STRATEGIC CONCEPT

All volunteer, professional forces

  • NFS, NCS, NRF

  • PCC (4 areas)

  • terrorism

STRATEGIC CONCEPT

  • Effective mil.capabilities

  • DCI (5 areas)

  • CRO

Deployability,

Usability

Force modernization

Transformation – constant review process

H U N G A R I A N D E F E N S E F O R C E

ISTAMBUL


Defense review and status of defense reform maj zoltan horvath staff officer j 5 humod ds

„To qualitatively contribute to the Euro-Atlantic peace and security”

Thankyoufor your attention!