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Picture this. What do you Mean?. Dr. Constance Ulmer Appalachian State University Summer 2008. Order of the Day. What is Reading Comprehension? Reading as literacy ? Who are our readers? How can we help them as readers? Closure. Reading Comprehension.

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Picture this what do you mean

Picture this. What do you Mean?

Dr. Constance Ulmer

Appalachian State University

Summer 2008

Order of the day
Order of the Day

  • What is Reading Comprehension?

  • Reading as literacy ?

  • Who are our readers?

  • How can we help them as readers?

  • Closure

Reading comprehension
Reading Comprehension

“ We define reading comprehension as the process of simultaneously extracting and constructing meaning through interaction and involvement with written language. We use the words extracting and constructing to emphasize both the importance and the insufficiency of the text as a determinant of reading comprehension” NLA


entails three elements:

  • The Readerwho is doing the comprehending

  • The textthat is to be comprehended

  • The activity (context) in which comprehension is a part

    Rand report, Reading for Understanding (2002)

Rosenblatt s reader response the transactional model




Rosenblatt’s Reader Response & the Transactional Model



Literacy as engagement
Literacy As Engagement

  • I start with the idea that literacy is not merely the capacity to understand the conceptual content of writings and utterances but the ability to participate fully in a set of social and intellectual practices. It is not passive but active, not imitative but creative, for it includes participation in the activities it makes possible. (xiv)

    James White

Consider the Reader

  • Adult learners- ESL Learners

  • Consider purpose for reading-motivation

  • Consider purpose of the author

  • Consider background knowledge-schema)

  • Consider text structure–levels-genres

  • Consider context

  • Consider cueing systems

Questions to Consider

  • Who are your students?

  • What makes an engaging environment?

  • How do I set up that environment?

  • What can be learned ?

  • What should be learned?

Consider the type of reading
Consider the Type of Reading

  • Implicit-Explicit

  • Short - Long

  • Narrative-Expository

  • Vocabulary vs. Conceptual information

Consider strategies
Consider Strategies

  • Think Alouds

  • Pictures

  • KWLs Text –self Text-text Text -world

  • Quotes- personal narration

  • Smart or symbols for discussions

  • Alphabetic descriptions

  • Continued


  • Alverman, Donna,

  • Billmeyer, Rachel

  • Buehl, Doug

  • Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy

  • National Institute for Literacy

  • National Literacy Association

  • Rosenblatt, Louise

  • Vacca and Vacca

  • Vaughn and Estes

  • White, James