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Consumer Choices - Payment Choices. Stage 5 Commerce. Payment choices. Students learn about: Methods of payment. Cash, credit, cheque, direct debit, lay-by, electronic funds transfer, book up. Methods of keeping records. Changes over time and the impact of technology. Payment choices.

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payment choices
Payment choices

Students learn about:

  • Methods of payment.
    • Cash, credit, cheque, direct debit, lay-by, electronic funds transfer, book up.
  • Methods of keeping records.
  • Changes over time and the impact of technology.
payment choices1
Payment choices

Students learn to:

  • Identify the criteria that should be considered when determining methods of payment for different suppliers.
  • Research the criteria to determine the most appropriate methods of payment in a range of contexts.
  • Identify the advantages and disadvantages of book up.
  • Propose options that could be taken to improve financial services available to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and remote communities.
  • Develop and use spreadsheets and databases to maintain effective records and monitor monthly transactions including running totals of cash, direct debit and credit purchases.
  • Identify how technology has impacted on the payment process of businesses and consumers.
methods of payment
Methods of payment
  • Cash – money in coins and notes
  • Credit – money loaned at a point in time to complete a purchase with the intention it is paid back with interest or extra fees.
  • Direct debit –A prescribed amount of money taken directly from your bank account on a regular schedule to pay another company or bank account
  • Lay-by – a service that allows you to

purchase goods when you do not have

the money to buy them upfront.

  • Electronic funds transfer – (EFPTOS) all types of financial transactions that are carried out electronically.
advantages and disadvantages of lay by and electronics funds transfer
Advantages and disadvantages of lay-by and electronics funds transfer
  • Lay-by
  • Electronic funds transfer
book up activity
Book – up activity
  • Use the ASIC booklet on book up or go to . Click on ‘Financial Tips’, then ‘Loans and Credit’.
  • Research to what “book up” is and where it is practiced
  • Discuss its ethical and legal


determine the most appropriate payment method for each situation
Determine the most appropriate payment method for each situation
  • Buying a newspaper
  • Paying for a haircut
  • Paying the monthly electricity bill
  • Purchasing a formal dress
  • Paying for a car
  • Buying groceries
  • Paying your bus fare
  • Paying off a mortgage

(housing loan) or personal loan.

services for indigenous australians and remote communities
Services for indigenous Australians and remote communities

Read the yellow box.

Brainstorm and develop a mind map showing measures that could be used by industry, government and indigenous organisations to improve the banking services available to these people in remote areas.

how to check a bank statement and balance your bank account
How To Check A Bank Statement And Balance Your Bank Account
  • Compare the amounts on withdrawals, cheques and deposits with the amounts on your receipts or cheque butts. Check off all canceled cheques and deposits.
  • Insert the last balance shown on your bank statement
  • Add deposits.
  • Deduct all cheques and withdrawals.
  • Your adjusted balance should agree with the balance in your record book. If it doesn’t check your addition and subtraction, then check to be sure you have entered all the numbers correctly.
financial statements
Financial Statements
  • There are several financial statements that are normally prepared by businesses. The most common ones are:
    • The profit and loss statement
    • The balance sheet.
    • The cash flow statement
the profit and loss statement
The Profit and Loss Statement
  • The profit and loss statement

tells owners the difference

between revenue (income)

and expenses for a period

of time and whether they

have made a profit or loss.

the balance sheet
The Balance Sheet
  • The balance sheet is like a set of scales that weighs the assets on one side and liabilities and owner’s equity on the other. Owner’s equity is basically what the business owes its owners.
the cash flow statement
The Cash Flow Statement
  • A cash flow statement

summarise the details

contained in a cash book.

It summarises the inflows

(income or deposits) and

outflows (cheques or

withdrawals) during a

period of time. This when

added to the bank balance

at the start of the period

enables the bank balance

at the end of the period

to be determined.

Cash Receipts

Less Cash Payments

= Cash surplus (deficit)

Add Bank Balance (start of period)

= Bank Balance (end of period)

  • Definition – an estimate of income and expenses for a set period of time.
  • Reasons for making a budget
    • To track money when you are working to a plan.
    • To work out how to best use the money you earn.
    • To plan for your changing needs and wants.
how to create a budget
How To Create A Budget
  • Go to
  • Use the budget-planner document on SIMB to help plan out a budget for your household
  • You can start in class and finish for homework

Using the steps below and other relevant internet sites, develop a brochure for teenagers on the steps in budgeting.

  • Determine money coming in (income).
  • Work out your fixed and variable expenses.
  • Write down your weekly cash flow.
  • Work out how much you can save.
  • Identify how to cut back.
  • Develop a cost benefit analysis to work out how to save for new wants.
  • Shop around to find the best deal for the goods and services you need and want.
  • Choose a suitable bank account.
  • Learn how to record your pay slip.
  • Decide how to keep records.
  • Develop a weekly, monthly and annual budget.
  • Monitor and change your budget at least once a month.
self checkout supermarkets
Self-checkout Supermarkets


Describe how a self-checkout works.

Outline the advantages and disadvantages of self-checkout supermarkets.

changes over time and the impact of technology
Changes over time and the impact of technology
  • Technology in retailing and payment options is continually developing and changing. Recent developments include:
    • Online and internet shopping
    • EFTPOS and debit and credit cards
    • Smart cards
    • Self-checkout supermarkets


    • Develop a collage in word of recent technological developments in retailing.
    • Use Microsoft publisher or word to create a newspaper article titled ‘Shopping in 2050’. Include words and illustrations.