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GI- Extension: The Solution for Developing an Appropriate International Legal Framework for the Protection of Geographical Indications. Mathias Schaeli Head Legal Services International Trade Relations Swiss Federal Institute of Intellectual Property www.ipi.ch / mathias.schaeli@ipi.ch.

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GI-Extension: The Solution for Developing an Appropriate International Legal Framework for the Protection of Geographical Indications

Mathias Schaeli

Head Legal Services International Trade Relations

Swiss Federal Institute of Intellectual Property

www.ipi.ch / mathias.schaeli@ipi.ch

International Symposium on Geographical Indications

Jointly organized by WIPO and SAIC

(Beijing, 26-28 June 2007)

WIPO GI-Symposium, Beijing, June 2007 - Mathias Schaeli

contents
Contents
  • Key issue under international negotiation:
    • “GI-extension”
  • Additional action at the national level
    • Adequate protection and inventories
    • Relationship between GIs and trademarks

WIPO GI-Symposium, Beijing, June 2007 - Mathias Schaeli

slide3

Swiss watches

made in Russia

L’Etivaz style cheese

Made in USA

Australian

Chianti

Long Jin tea,

From Malaysia

Jamaican Jerk

from Trinidad

WIPO GI-Symposium, Beijing, June 2007 - Mathias Schaeli

slide4

WTO / Negotiations on GIs

GI-Extension

Roll-back

List (Agri)

Multilatéral

Register

Better protection for GIs

WIPO GI-Symposium, Beijing, June 2007 - Mathias Schaeli

the two levels of protection for gis in the trips agreement
The two levels of protection for GIs in the TRIPS Agreement
  • Standard protection of Article 22 for all products, protection only if:
    • Public is misled by the incorrect use of the GI
    • Incorrect use of the GI constitutes an act of unfaircompetition
  • Additional protection of Art. 23 for wines and spirits:
    • Protection against a simpleusurpation of the GI
    • Protection of the GI even if translated
    • Use of delocalizingexpressions such as ‘kind’, ‘type’, ‘style’, ‘imitation’ or the like are prohibited

WIPO GI-Symposium, Beijing, June 2007 - Mathias Schaeli

the proposal for extension ip c w 353
The proposal for extension (IP/C/W/353)
  • The protection of Article 23 of the TRIPS Agreement should apply to geographical indications for all products
  • The multilateral register to be established should be open for geographical indications for all products
  • The exceptions contained in Article 24 of the TRIPS Agreement should apply mutatis mutandis

WIPO GI-Symposium, Beijing, June 2007 - Mathias Schaeli

communications wto trips on extension
Communications WTO/TRIPS on extension
  • In favor of extension:

IP/C/W/204/Rev.1; IP/C/W/247/Rev.1;IP/C/W/308/Rev.1; IP/C/W/353; TN/C/W/7;TN/C/W/14 ; TN/C/4 ; TN/C/W/21 – GC/W/540;JOB(05)/61; TN/C/W/26 - WT/GC/547 (UE)

  • Opposed to extension:

IP/C/W/289; IP/C/W/360 and 386;IP/C/W/395; JOB(05)/8 (Australia)

.... available under: www.ipi.ch and www.wto.org

WIPO GI-Symposium, Beijing, June 2007 - Mathias Schaeli

slide8

Timeframe of the negotiations

Before Nov. 2001 TRIPS Council - Article 24.1

November 2001 Doha Declaration – Para.18

Feb. – Nov. 2002 TRIPS Council – TNC Decision

Jan. – Aug. 03 TNC – Consultations on implementation issues

September 2003Cancun Ministerial Conference

July 2004 Decision of the General CouncilMandate for further consultations till May ’05; GC to take appropriate action till July ‘05

December 2005 Hong Kong Ministerial Conference

June/July 2007 Text on modalities ?

? End of the Doha Round

WIPO GI-Symposium, Beijing, June 2007 - Mathias Schaeli

main swiss laws and regulations
Main Swiss Laws and Regulations
  • Federal Law on the Protection of Trademarks and Indication of Source of 28 August 1992 (RS 232.11)=> PROTECTION FOR ALL PRODUCTS WITHOUT REGISTRATION
  • Federal Law on Agriculture of 29 April 1998 (RS 910.1)
  • Ordinance on the Protection of PAOs and PGIs in respect of Agricultural Products and Processed Agricultural Products of 28 May 1997 (RS 910.12)=> REGISTRATION SYSTEM

WIPO GI-Symposium, Beijing, June 2007 - Mathias Schaeli

slide10
Definition
  • Protection against:
    • the use of incorrect indications of source;
    • the use of designation that may be confused with incorrect indications of source;
    • the use of a name, address or trademark on goods or services of different origin where this could be deceptive.
  • Judicial measures, such as:
    • imprisonment up to one year;
    • fine of up to CHF 100’000.--, or
    • nullity of the trademark registration.

WIPO GI-Symposium, Beijing, June 2007 - Mathias Schaeli

ordinance on paos and pgis for agricultural products and processed agricultural products
Ordinance on PAOs and PGIs for Agricultural Products and Processed Agricultural Products
  • PAOs/PGIs - similarities
    • origin in a defined region or place
    • specific qualities
    • delimited area of production
  • PAOs/PGIs - differences
    • PAO: all fabrication steps within the defined areaPGI: at least one fabrication steps within the defined area
    • etc.

WIPO GI-Symposium, Beijing, June 2007 - Mathias Schaeli

slide13

Function of TMs and GIs

  • Trademarks distinguish the goods of one undertaking from goods of other undertakings. - It shall be distinctive and not descriptive.- It is the exclusive right of the producer.
  • Geographical indications (GIs) refer to a geographical region and identify products with quality/reputation given by their geographical origin. - Collective right of all the producers of a given good that are located in the geographical area.

L’ETIVAZ

WIPO GI-Symposium, Beijing, June 2007 - Mathias Schaeli

function of trademarks
Function of Trademarks

The TM shalldistinguish the goods of one producer from goods of other producers

 The TM shall not be descriptive

Difficulty to protect geographical names as trademarks

Geographical names often registered in combination with a distinctive sign (logo)

Problem with the exclusivity right to use the name

WIPO GI-Symposium, Beijing, June 2007 - Mathias Schaeli

trademarks and gis two complementary rights with specific characteristics
Trademarks and GIs: two complementary rights with specific characteristics…

Trademarks

  • Distinctive signs (non descriptive)May guaranty the geographical origin (no obligation)
  • Individual approach (principle)
  • CTM cannot be used by right holder
  • May be produced everywhere
  • Examination based on absolute or relative grounds

GIs

  • Indicate the geographical origin of the goods
  • Guaranty the geographical origin
  • Collective approach
  • Producers ownership
  • Production necessary linked to a territory
  • Often procedure of examination with «public» consultations

WIPO GI-Symposium, Beijing, June 2007 - Mathias Schaeli

trademarks and gis time solutions example of l etivaz aoc
Trademarks and GIs – time solutions: example of L’Etivaz (AOC)

Guaranty

Trademark

a Swiss

WIPO GI-Symposium, Beijing, June 2007 - Mathias Schaeli

trademarks and gis complementary example of t te de moine aoc
Trademarks and GIs – Complementary: Example of Tête de moine (AOC)

Swiss

Trademarks

WIPO GI-Symposium, Beijing, June 2007 - Mathias Schaeli

trademarks and gis complementary champagne aoc
Trademarks and GIs – Complementary: Champagne (AOC)

CHAMPAGNE

French GI

Several Trademarks used by the different producers

WIPO GI-Symposium, Beijing, June 2007 - Mathias Schaeli

tm offices can play useful role for good relationship between tm and gis
TM-Offices can play useful role for good relationship between TM and GIs

ALASKA

Eaux minérales

CUSCOCacao

CH 501 173 cl. 29 :produits laitiers, à savoir fromage bénéficiant de l’AOC «Sbrinz».

IR 714593,

cl. 32 : boissons à base d’eau gazeuse et de jus de

pommes; tous les produits précités provenant de la région du

Bodensee.

Cl. 18 et 25, produits de provenance des USA

WIPO GI-Symposium, Beijing, June 2007 - Mathias Schaeli

slide20

An adequate protection of geographical indications

at the international level:

An issue that is in the interest of ALL OF US!

For more information or questions: mathias.schaeli@ipi.ch and www.ige.ch

WIPO GI-Symposium, Beijing, June 2007 - Mathias Schaeli