measuring legislative oversight
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Measuring Legislative Oversight. Jonathan Bright j [email protected] The potential of parliamentary informatics. ‘Open’ data sources present a huge opportunity for political science

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Presentation Transcript
the potential of parliamentary informatics
The potential of parliamentary informatics
  • ‘Open’ data sources present a huge opportunity for political science
  • Can measure the previously unmeasurable and hence put existing theories about the functioning of parliaments to the test
measuring oversight
Measuring Oversight
  • This project is about measuring one such concept: ‘oversight’
    • Crucial function of modern parliaments
  • Defined here as the scrutiny of individual pieces of legislation as they move through the legislative process
previous measures
Previous measures
  • Single case studies or reviews of small amounts of legislation
    • Can’t speak to general trends
  • Very general measures based on for example the overall time to legislation
    • Little attention to the nuance of the parliamentary process
measuring oversight1
Measuring Oversight
  • Four measures:
    • Speed of the process both overall and its individual stages
    • Committee debates
    • Substantive changes made to legislation
    • Roll call votes
  • Question: do bills relating to crime and security receive less scrutiny than other pieces of legislation?
  • Data based on the UK parliament, 1997-2012
    • Extracted from:
      • www.parliament.uk
      • www.legislation.gov.uk
      • www.publicwhip.org.uk
speed
Speed
  • Average crime and security bill has become law before the average normal bill has passed through its second reading
committees
Committees
  • Average crime and security bill has more committee sittings
  • …and these sittings generally last for longer
amendments
Amendments
  • No statistical difference between amount of amendments
  • (python’s difflib used for calculation)
slide9
Vote
  • Largest cluster of crime and security votes in the bottom right hand corner
conclusions
Conclusions
  • Crime and security bills have an expedited legislative process
    • But more legislative activity is packed into this time
  • A plea to those «opening parliament» – don’t forget about academics!
    • Bulk download options for data as well as APIs
    • Standard / easily decodable formats: XML and JSON as well as HTML and PDFs
    • Sunlight foundation / Theywork for you great examples of this
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