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The Early Industrial Revolution 1760-1851 Chapter 22

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By: Dotun Ogundeji. The Early Industrial Revolution 1760-1851 Chapter 22. The Industrial Revolution and Its Impact on Society. Major Causes For Industrial Revolution . Population Growth Agricultural Revolution Britain and Continental Europe . Population Growth.

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major causes for industrial revolution
Major Causes For Industrial Revolution
  • Population Growth
  • Agricultural Revolution
  • Britain and Continental Europe
population growth
Population Growth
  • In the 18thcentury that the population grew
  • Reasons:
    • More reliable food sources
    • Earlier Marriage
    • Higher Birthrates
    • And Better Medicine
    • Migration into Cities
agricultural revolution
Agricultural Revolution
  • Began long before the 18th century.
    • American crops
    • More cattle
  • Only wealthy could invest in new crops and new farming methods. They experimented with scientific farming methods.
    • Result was that there was more meat and milk
britain and continental europe
Britain and Continental Europe
  • 18th century Britain’s role in the Industrial Revolution was significant because:
    • Economic growth, population growth, people with innovative minds, mining and metal industries, world’s largest merchant marine, fluid social structure, good water transportation system, unified market, highly developed commercial sector
changes in society
Changes in Society
  • More Deforestation
  • Cheap Labor such as:
    • Child labor
    • Irish Men and Women
    • American women
  • More demand for slaves after Child Labor Laws Passed
  • Disparities in income
reasons for technological revolution
Reasons For Technological Revolution
  • Mass Production in Pottery
  • Mechanization within the Cotton Industry
  • Advances in the Iron Industry
  • New Inventions Such As:
    • Railroads and the Steam Engine
mass production in pottery
Mass Production in Pottery
  • Was imported or handmade
  • Made for Aristocracy
  • Ordinary people could not afford it
  • First Pottery business was opened in 1759 by Josiah Wedgwood
mechanization within the cotton industry
Mechanization within the Cotton Industry
  • During this time there was a higher demand for Cotton Mechanization of cotton textile led to much greater efficiency and lower prices.
  • England was responsible for the revolution of spinning cotton with new inventions such as:
  • Water Frame
  • Spinning Jenny
advances in the iron industry
Advances in the Iron Industry
  • Iron had been used in Eurasia and Africa for thousands of years
  • Limited wood supplies and the high cost of skilled labor made iron a rare and valuable metal outside of China before the eighteenth century
  • In the 18th century a series of inventions made it possible for the British to produce large amounts of cheap iron
    • Coke (solid carbon material from ash)
    • Puddling (metallurgy steel and iron making)
      • Bridge building
      • Crystal Palace

Steam Engine


Was invented by Richard Trevithick and George Stephenson in 1800

Built high pressure steam engines used to power locomotives

Railways triggered Industrialization in iron and coal rich areas such as France, Belgium, the Ruhr, and Silesia

  • Was the most revolutionary invention of the Industrial Revolution
  • Was invented by Thomas Newcomen in 1702-1712
  • And was later improved by James Watt in 1769
  • It allowed factories to be located where there was no animals, wind, water power