problem animal control pac strategies human elephant conflicts in dande communal area zimbabwe n.
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Problem Animal Control (PAC) Strategies: Human/Elephant Conflicts in Dande Communal Area, Zimbabwe. Presented by Tendai Nancy Nyabadza. 1.0 Introduction. Study Background Zambezi Valley: historical background and challenges

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problem animal control pac strategies human elephant conflicts in dande communal area zimbabwe

Problem Animal Control (PAC) Strategies: Human/Elephant Conflicts in Dande Communal Area, Zimbabwe

Presented by

Tendai Nancy Nyabadza

1 0 introduction
1.0 Introduction
  • Study Background
    • Zambezi Valley: historical background and challenges
    • Mid-Zambezi Elephant Project/Zimbabwe Trust Project funded by CIDA
challenges
Challenges
  • What are the main points of conflict between humans and elephants?
  • New Problem Animal Control Strategies being used in combination with traditional methods
  • Are the new PAC strategies effective for the communal farmer in the valley?
  • What has been the overall impact of the project on the community?
slide4
Objectives
  • Identify main points of conflict (“hotspots”) between elephants and the Dande community
  • Determine impact of MZEP/ZimTrust project on the target community in controlling problem elephants.
project area guruve muzarabani zimbabwe
Project Area: Guruve & Muzarabani, Zimbabwe

Source: Elephant Pepper Development Trust (EPDT). (2004).

3 0 materials and methods
3.0 Materials and Methods
  • Primary Data Collection
    • Questionnaire Interviews
    • Focus Group Discussions
  • Secondary data collection
    • Libraries used; ART, CIRAD, SARDC, ZimTrust, EPDT, IUCN.
  • Data Analysis
    • Use of Statistical Package for Social Scientists (SPSS)
5 0 conclusions and recommendations
5.0 Conclusions and Recommendations
  • PAC methods using chilli pepper ranked higher on efficiency than traditional methods but they continue to be used together
          • Encourage the growing of a Buffer cash crop
          • Consider compensation for crops or assets lost to elephant crop raiding
  • Enhance other community benefits from wildlife in areas where HEC is high e.g. CAMPFIRE. This will influence levels of poaching in these areas.
  • Identify if long term biological or physiological effects of using chilli based repellents on elephants exist
6 0 african wildlife foundation awf work on human elephant conflict
6.0 African Wildlife Foundation (AWF) work on Human Elephant Conflict
  • Introduced in December 2006 at a training held at Conservation Lower Zambezi, in Lower Zambezi National Park, Zambia.
  • This training was done from the 10th to the 15th of December 2006.
  • Representatives of rural farming communities from Rufunsa And Chiawa GMA’s in Zambia and Magoe And Zumbo in Mozambique.
  • Game scouts from Tchuma Tchatu and Zambia Wildlife Authority (ZAWA) were also trained.
left a zawa officer mr jones katiyo demonstrating the mixing of chilli with elephant dung
Left: A ZAWA officer, Mr. Jones Katiyo, demonstrating the mixing of chilli with elephant dung

Right: Participants of the PEC training setting up a pilot site in Mugurameno village, Lower Zambezi, Zambia.

slide16
The work done has set a precedence in Problem Elephant Control (PEC).
  • Now used in Zambia and Mozambique by AWF in its core operations landscape, Zambezi Heartland.
  • Effective mitigation methods will be disseminated to willing farmers in areas where the pilot has proved effective.
  • With the high level of commitment from the communal farmers, we are optimistic that the intervention will be a success!
7 0 closing remarks
7.0 Closing Remarks
  • Based on this project, a paper was published in 2006www.jsd-africa.com/Jsda/Spring2006PDF
  • My co-authors were Prof. J. F. Mupangwa (Rwanda), Dr. I. Mberengwa (Ethiopia), and Mr. I. Chaipa (Zimbabwe).
  • African Wildlife Foundation (AWF) workwww.awf.org
  • Elephant Pepper Development Trustwww.elephantpepper.org

Thank You All For Listening