Toro s alternative dispute resolution program handling product liability claims and lawsuits
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Toro’s Alternative Dispute Resolution Program Handling Product Liability Claims and Lawsuits . J. Lawrence McIntyre Vice President, Secretary & General Counsel The Toro Company. Traditional Product Liability Claims Management.

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Toro s alternative dispute resolution program handling product liability claims and lawsuits

Toro’s Alternative Dispute Resolution ProgramHandling Product Liability Claims and Lawsuits

J. Lawrence McIntyre

Vice President, Secretary

& General Counsel

The Toro Company

Traditional product liability claims management
Traditional Product Liability Claims Management

  • In the 1970’s and 80’s : Defend, Litigate and manage lawyers and litigation.

    • Hired trial lawyers and experts

    • Gathered volumes of documents for discovery and answered interrogatories

    • Prepared in-house people for depositions (engineering, marketing, management). The plaintiff is entitled to depose virtually any employee

    • Attended and testified at trials

Traditional product liability claims management cont
Traditional Product Liability Claims Management, Cont.

The Outcome of litigation

  • Expense

    • Drain on internal resources

    • Legal expense through trial can easily exceed $300,000.

    • Loss of control over our time, money, and documents.

  • Risk

    • Win some/lose some

      • A defense verdict in one case does not guarantee that the same type of accident/injury case will not result in a plaintiff’s verdict in different court with a different jury

    • Punitive damages

      • An award of punitive damages can wipe out the net worth of a company

    • Winning the case

      • but incurring extraordinary legal expenses, can be equally devastating to the company’s bottom line – is that really a “win” for the company?

    • Uncertainty

      • Juries are unpredictable and often mistrustful of large corporations and executives

      • Sympathy factor

The alternative to civil litigation alternative dispute resolution

ADR initially became a popular means of resolving disputes because of soaring litigation costs and other factors including:

More litigious society; less personal accountability


Control of the outcome

Civil litigation system broken in terms of producing equitable, efficient and economical results

A “win” for the company:

When litigation risk is reduced or eliminated and litigation costs are controlled

The Alternative to Civil Litigation: Alternative Dispute Resolution

Toro s adr program
Toro’s ADR Program because of soaring litigation costs and other factors including:

Unique 3 step program:

1. Prevention

2. Early intervention/accident investigation

3. Pre-Litigation Mediation

Step 1 prevention
Step 1: Prevention because of soaring litigation costs and other factors including:

Product Liability group participates in all aspects of product safety; including:

  • Product safety reviews (new product and issues arising on field units)

  • Operator safety instructions

  • On-product warning creation

  • Safety Watch program

  • Safety Education programs

  • Safety Standards creation & compliance

Step 2 early intervention accident investigation process

Goal: because of soaring litigation costs and other factors including: Obtain the information we need in order to evaluate the claim without having to go through formal litigation procedures.

What we do: product specialists (non-lawyers)respond to product liability claims or lawsuits involving Toro product quickly:

conduct an on-site investigation accompanied by a Toro engineer

Inspect the equipment/preserve its condition and obtain historical information about the equipment

Interview the injured person and witnesses; document the facts of the accident

Photograph and document the site of the accident

Listen and treat the claimant as a dissatisfied customer who has had a problem with Toro equipment, not an enemy

Step 2: Early Intervention/Accident Investigation Process

Step 2 early intervention accident investigation process cont

Evaluate the merits of the case based on the information we have gathered:

Severity of the injury

How does the accident affect their day to day life

The history of the product

Safety record, recalls

Similar accidents or complaints

Liability factors including alteration, misuse, negligence, the law in the state, the favorableness of the jurisdiction

General damages

The process does not ignore who’s at fault for the accident and injury

Step 2: Early Intervention/Accident Investigation Process, Cont.

Toro s alternative dispute resolution program handling product liability claims and lawsuits

Moving from Evaluation to Resolution have gathered:

  • Share our investigation and evaluation with the claimant and his/her attorney

    • Lower expectations

    • claims are resolved for $0

    • In June, 2006 we closed 17 cases, 13 with $0 payout

  • Willingness to settle

    • reasonableness vs. the moon

  • There are no blank checks

  • 67% settled or disposed of at this point in the process

  • If our product specialists do not resolve the case (the claimant’s expectations may be too high), the case is referred to Mediation

    • Plaintiff may need a neutral mediator’s evaluation to become more reasonable

Step 3 mediation
Step 3: Mediation have gathered:

  • Mechanics of a mediation

    • Enter into a formal mediation agreement with all parties

    • The parties meet over the course of two days and the plaintiff gives a sworn statement

    • Both sides present their position with regard to the facts, law, issues and arguments. Toro is represented by National Mediation Counsel, and a local attorney in the jurisdiction

    • Mediation is a less formal process but includes the exchange of information and preparation of mediation briefs. We come prepared to defend our product and lower the other side’s expectations.

Step 3 mediation cont
Step 3: Mediation, Cont. have gathered:

  • Over 95% of the cases submitted to mediation are resolved

  • If resolved, the terms of the agreement are confidential between the parties and cannot be published by the plaintiff

  • If the case is not resolved at mediation the local attorney representing Toro assumes a vigorous defense of the case

Resolving claims using adr results
Resolving claims using ADR results: have gathered:

  • Legal fees controlled

  • Over 1200 claims diverted to this program

  • Reduced average per claim handling expense from $115,000 to $43,000

  • Eliminated animosity with customers and unwanted publicity from adverse verdicts

  • Position of greatest strength - we controlled the outcome and we decided when to walk away; we controlled our time, our money, and our documents

Average per claim costs fees comparison
Average Per-Claim Costs/Fees Comparison have gathered:

  • Average Pre -1991 Costs/Fees = $47,252

  • Average 1992-2006 Costs/Fees = $10,607

  • 77% Reduction in Costs/Fees

Average per claim verdicts settlements comparison
Average Per-Claim Verdicts/Settlements Comparison have gathered:

  • Average Pre-1991 Payouts = $68,368

  • Average 1992-2006 Payouts = $32,232

  • 53% reduction in amounts paid to resolve claims

Comparison of average total cost to close a file
Comparison of Average have gathered:Total Cost to Close a File

Average claim lifespan comparison
Average Claim have gathered: Lifespan Comparison

  • Avg. Pre-1991 Claim Lifespan = 24 Months

  • Avg. 1992-2006 Claim Lifespan = 9.8 Months

  • 59% Reduction in lifespan of average claim

Thank you
Thank You! have gathered: