Grade 5 . Big Idea 7: Earth Systems and Patterns 2012-2013 Pacing Guide Topic XI Weather and Climate Activities Mary Tweedy, Curriculum Support Specialist Keisha Kidd, Curriculum Support Specialist Millard Lightburn , Ph.D. District Science Supervisor
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the mix of events that happen each day in our atmosphere including temperature, rainfall and humidity.
Clouds Type Quiz: Match both Columns
C. fair weather” fluffy, white cotton ball clouds
B. ice clouds
D. thin, white clouds that can cover the whole sky producing little precipitation
Forms of Precipitation
Rain falls when the water making up clouds has become heavy enough to fall to Earth.
Snowform in clouds where the temperature is below freezing as ice crystals or groups of many ice crystals called snowflakes.
Sleet forms when a partially melted snowflake that has traveled through a warm layer of air or raindrop fall through a freezing layer of air. This last layer causes the raindrop to freeze or the melted snowflake to refreeze.
Hailforms as a result of the strong updrafts common in thunderstorms usually in the summer.
Measuring Wind Direction – Build a Wind Vane:
Measuring Wind Speed - Build an anemometer
Measuring air pressure – Build a barometer
Real Time Weather Observations
Weather Tool to Use
Cloud Identification Chart.
2. Rain Fall
3. Wind Direction
6. Cloud Conditions
anemometer & radar
cloud classification chartsWeather observations & Tools
type and altitude of clouds
Recipe for Weather
Predicting & Reporting Weather
The answer is climate.
Climate is the average weatherin an area over a long period of time (more than 30 years). It includes weather conditions, weather extremes, droughts, and rainy periods. The climate of an environment will determine what plants will grow and what animals will inhabit it.
hot and wet all year
very cold and dry all year
mild to cold winters and mild to dry hot summers
This image shows how sea surface temperatures changes at different latitudes. Red colors indicate warmer ocean water, blues and purples indicate cooler ocean water.
Mountainscan also affect the amount of precipitation that an area on either side of a mountain receives called the rain shadow effect.
San Diego 9º C 48ºF
Phoenix 5º C 41ºF
San Diego24º C 75ºF
Phoenix 41º C 106ºF
The Sun’s Angle on Different Parts of the Earth
Why are climates different in different parts of the world?
2. What characterizes a tropical climate?
3. What characterizes a temperate climate?
* Hyperlinks are from Discovery Education.
Air pressure act:
NASA Our World:
Wind vane: http://www.ciese.org/curriculum/weatherproj2/en/docs/windvane.shtml
Wind scale: http://www.wrh.noaa.gov/sto/WindTable.php
Finding Cloud Charts: http://scool.larc.nasa.gov/