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Creating an Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES). Dr Andrew Stott Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs, UK andrew.stott@defra.gsi.gov.uk. The 2010 Biodiversity Target has not been met. No sub-target completely achieved

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Creating an intergovernmental platform on biodiversity and ecosystem services ipbes
Creating an Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES)

Dr Andrew Stott

Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs, UK

andrew.stott@defra.gsi.gov.uk


Creating an intergovernmental platform on biodiversity and ecosystem services ipbes

The 2010 Biodiversity Target has not been met Ecosystem Services (IPBES)

  • No sub-target completely achieved

  • Most indicators negative

  • No government claims success

  • Direct pressures constant or increasing


Creating an intergovernmental platform on biodiversity and ecosystem services ipbes

Source: WWF/ZSL

Source: WWF/ZSL


Creating an intergovernmental platform on biodiversity and ecosystem services ipbes

Amazon loss slowing in Brazil than 30% since 1970,

Source: INPE


Creating an intergovernmental platform on biodiversity and ecosystem services ipbes

State than 30% since 1970,

Pressure

Response

Source: Butchart etal 2010



Creating an intergovernmental platform on biodiversity and ecosystem services ipbes

Global scenarios for land use than 30% since 1970,

Business as usual

Carbon tax including land use

Carbon tax on fossil fuels and industry only

Source: Wise etal 2009


Creating an intergovernmental platform on biodiversity and ecosystem services ipbes

Tipping Point – Amazon dieback than 30% since 1970,

Alternative Path

Current Path

  • Widespread shift from forest to savanna resulting from the Interaction of deforestation, climate change and fires

  • Becomes more likely at 20%-30% deforestation

  • Self-perpetuating

  • Regional rainfall and global climate impacts, massive biodiversity loss

  • Keep deforestation below 20%-30% of original forest area

  • Minimize use of fire for clearing

  • Keep global climate warming below 2-3 degrees


Paris conference biodiversity science and governance 2005
Paris Conference: Biodiversity – science and governance, 2005

‘… together with immediate action, we must deepen our knowledge on biodiversity and establish premises recognised by all scientists, so that the international community can shoulder its responsibility.

Since 1988, the IPCC has brought about a scientific consensus on the reality and significance of global warming.

We need a similar type of mechanism for biodiversity. I hereby call on all scientists to join forces in order to set up a world-wide network of experts…’

Jacques Chirac, Paris, January 2005



First steps
First steps reports

  • Paris Conference - Biodiversity: Science and Governance, 2005

  • International Mechanism of Scientific Expertise on Biodiversity consultations

  • 6 regional consultation meetings 2006-2007

  • Multi-stakeholder participation, science-led, including some governments


Imoseb needs to improve interface between science and policy
IMoSEB – Needs to improve interface between science and policy

  • Need for independent scientific expertise

    • Scientific information to support Conventions

    • Emerging global threats and horizon scanning

    • Knowledge for local/national decision-making

  • Need for more capacity

    • Mobilisation of scientific expertise for local and national capacity building

    • Improved sub-global ecosystem assessments

  • Need for improved communication

    • Enhanced understanding and application of science

    • Improved access to peer reviewed scientific results

    • Evidence gaps which require further scientific work


  • Millennium ecosystem assessment evaluation
    Millennium Ecosystem Assessment policy- Evaluation

    • Evaluations completed in 2007 concluded:

    • Lack of significant direct impact on policy

    • Lack tools/models to be used by policy-makers

    • Further research to fill knowledge gaps

    • Sub-global assessments not fully developed

    • Lack of awareness amongst key stakeholders


    Intergovernmental platform on biodiversity and ecosystem services ipbes
    Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES)

    Three intergovernmental and multi-stakeholder meetings convened by the UN Environment Programme (UNEP):

    • Putrajaya (2008) – unsure, need for gap analysis

    • Nairobi (2009) – new mechanism could add value, discussed possible functions

    • Busan (2010) – concluded that an intergovernmental platform should be established!


    Busan outcome
    Busan outcome Services (IPBES)

    • Who can join IPBES?

      • All member states of the UN can participate in the Plenary

      • Intergovernmental organisations (IGOs) and other stakeholders can be observers

    • Who does IPBES work for?

      • IPBES should respond to requests from Govts, MEAs, IGOs and NGOs according to priorities agreed by Plenary

    • Who pays?

      • Voluntary contributions from Govts, UN bodies, private sector and foundations. At Nagoya the UK (Defra and DfID) announced funding of £2m over 4 years.


    Busan outcome ipbes functions
    Busan outcome – IPBES functions Services (IPBES)

    1. Generating new knowledge

    • Identify information needed for policy

    • Catalyse research and survey

      2. Regular and timely assessments

    • Global, regional and sub-regional scales

    • Thematic and ‘new topics identified by science’

    • Scientifically credible, independent and peer reviewed


    Busan outcome ipbes functions1
    Busan outcome – IPBES functions Services (IPBES)

    3. Support for policy formulation

    • Access to policy relevant tools and methods

      4. Capacity building

    • Identify needs

    • Support highest priority needs

    • Catalyse funding


    What will ipbes do for me
    What will IPBES do for me? Services (IPBES)

    • Single, authoritative source of scientific evidence on global biodiversity: status and trends, threats, possible solutions.

    • Convincing arguments, including handling of uncertainty and making the economic case.

    • Strong focus and motivation for the scientific community;

    • Mobilisation and co-ordination of investment in science and capacity building, better data and understanding;

    • Tools to support evidence-based decision-making.


    Cbd cop10 nagoya
    CBD COP10 - Nagoya Services (IPBES)

    • Welcomed outcome of Busan meeting and its conclusion that IPBES should be established

    • Encouraged UN General Assembly 65th Session to consider establishment

    • Emphasised need for IPBES to be responsive to CBD

    • Requested CBD Secretariat to consider how CBD could make full and effective use of IPBES


    Un general assembly 65 th session
    UN General Assembly 65 Services (IPBES)th Session

    Meeting this afternoon in New York!

    Will decide whether to establish IPBES and the modalities for its first plenary meeting.


    Thanks for listening
    Thanks for listening Services (IPBES)

    Dr Andrew Stott

    Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs, UK

    andrew.stott@defra.gsi.gov.uk


    Creating an intergovernmental platform on biodiversity and ecosystem services ipbes

    Conventions, Services (IPBES)

    IGOs, NGOs

    Governments

    Inputs –

    infrastructure

    investment/

    research funding

    IPBES Plenary Body

    (Governments and

    observers)

    Outputs –

    assessments, reviews,

    tools

    Executive

    Board/Bureau

    Secretariat

    One possible

    Model of an IPBES structure

    WG1

    Assessments

    WG2

    Capacity building/

    Catalysis/outreach

    regional

    networks

    Scientists/

    Knowledge

    holders

    data