more hermeneutical issues in old testament prophecy
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MORE HERMENEUTICAL ISSUES IN OLD TESTAMENT PROPHECY. HOW DID THE OLD TESTAMENT PROPHETS PREDICT JESUS?. The Meaning of “Fulfillment”. Different from our use of the term Application of a passage - Midrash Multiple fulfillments. Categories of Fulfillment. Non-Predictions (Hosea 11:1)

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Presentation Transcript
the meaning of fulfillment
The Meaning of “Fulfillment”
  • Different from our use of the term
  • Application of a passage - Midrash
  • Multiple fulfillments
categories of fulfillment
Categories of Fulfillment
  • Non-Predictions (Hosea 11:1)
  • Predictions Completed (Isaiah 7:14)
  • Predictions Incomplete (Jeremiah 31:15)
  • Predictions Uninitiated (Isaiah 9:1-2; Zechariah 9:9)
slide6
Assyrian

Invasion

In earlier times He treated

the land of Zebulun and the

land of Naphtali with

contempt,

But later on He shall make

it glorious, by the way of

the sea, on the other side

of Jordan, Galilee of the

Gentiles.

The people who walk in

darkness

Will see a great light;

Those who live in a dark

land,

The light will shine on them.

Ministry of

Jesus in

Galilee

 Jerusalem

zechariah 9 9

Zechariah 9:9

Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout in triumph, O daughter of Jerusalem!

Behold, your king is coming to you; He is just and endowed with salvation,

Humble, and mounted on a donkey,

Even on a colt, the foal of a donkey.

slide8
Messiah’s

First

Coming

Messiah’s

Second

Coming

Babylonian

Exile

types of fulfillments
Types of Fulfillments
  • Literal
  • Figurative
  • Spiritual
literal fulfillments
Literal Fulfillments
  • Ezekiel 26:1-14 and the fall of Tyre
  • Zechariah 9:9 where the Messiah rides into Jerusalem on a donkey
  • Psalm 22:18 where the soldiers cast lots for the garments of Jesus
figurative fulfillments
Figurative fulfillments
  • John 2:19. "Destroy this temple and in three days I will raise it up.”
  • Psalm 118:22. The stone which the builders rejected
  • Isaiah 22:22. Key of the House of David
  • Zechariah 13:7. Strike the shepherd
spiritual fulfillments
Spiritual Fulfillments
  • Isaiah 2:2-3 speaks of the mountain of the house of the Lord
  • Amos 9:11-12 tells how God will raise up the fallen booth of David, and wall up its breaches and raise up its ruins, and rebuild it as in the days of old
the purpose of prophecy
The Purpose of Prophecy
  • To affect the conduct of those who hear the prophecy
  • To build faith
  • To encourage believers who are in the midst of a difficult situation
keys to unlocking prophecy
KEYS TO UNLOCKING PROPHECY
  • The New Testament is Necessary to Interpreting the Old Testament
  • The Old Testament is Necessary to Interpreting the New Testament
  • The Bible is to Interpret our Current Events, not the Reverse
  • The Symbolic Nature of Dreams and Visions
slide23
Judgment for Unfaithfulness

Blessings for Faithfulness

  • Famine
  • Military Defeat
  • Fertility
  • Military Victory

Repentance

the latter days in the early prophets
“The Latter Days” in the Early Prophets
  • Unfaithfulness will lead to Deportation and Exile
  • Repentance will lead to Return and Restoration
  • The Last Days will be that time of Eventual Blessing
the king
David’s Descendants taken into exile

Isaiah 39:6-7. “All that is in your house… shall be carried to Babylon…”

A Glorious Throne will be established

Jeremiah 3:17. “They shall call Jerusalem, ‘The throne of the Lord…’”

The King

EXILE RESTORATION

the temple
Temple to be Destroyed

Micah 3:12. “Zion will be plowed as a field. Jerusalem will become a heap of ruins…”

A Glorious Temple will be established

Isaiah 2:2. “The mountain of the house of the Lord will be established...”

The Temple

EXILE RESTORATION

the gentiles
Gentiles Victorious over Israel

Gentiles punished for plundering Israel

The Gentiles

EXILE RESTORATION

the latter days in the later prophets
The Latter Days in the Later Prophets
  • Jeremiah taught that the Captivity would be 70 years in duration (Jeremiah 29:10)
  • After the Captivity there would be a return in the Latter Days (Daniel 2:28)
  • Daniel and the Prophecy of Jeremiah (Daniel 9)
daniel 9 13

Daniel 9:13

"As it is written in the law of Moses, all this calamity has come on us; yet we have not sought the favor of the LORD our God by turning from our iniquity and giving attention to Thy truth.”

leviticus 26 18

Leviticus 26:18

“If also after these things, you do not obey Me, then I will punish you seven times more for your sins.”

haggai 2 21 22

Haggai 2:21-22

"Speak to Zerubbabel governor of Judah saying, 'I am going to shake the heavens and the earth. 22 'And I will overthrow the thrones of kingdoms and destroy the power of the kingdoms of the nations; and I will overthrow the chariots and their riders, and the horses and their riders will go down, everyone by the sword of another.’”

haggai 2 23

Haggai 2:23

“On that day,” declares the LORD of hosts, “I will take you, Zerubbabel, son of Shealtiel, My servant,” declares the LORD, “and I will make you like a signet ring, for I have chosen you,” declares the LORD of hosts.

the latter days in the new testament
The Latter Days in the New Testament
  • Jesus and “the favorable year of the Lord” (Luke 4:17-19)
  • Peter’s understanding of the prophet Joel (Acts 2:14-21)
  • A Future Promise: In the last days difficult times will come (2 Timothy 3:1)
new testament eschatology
New Testament Eschatology
  • Inauguration of the Kingdom
  • Continuation of the Kingdom
  • Culmination of the Kingdom
slide46
Eternal

State

  • Prophecies of Tribulation and Kingdom fulfilled in this age
  • Revelation 20 seen as symbolic of kingdom today
  • Satan bound with reference to his ability to deceive the nations
homework for next class
Homework for Next Class
  • Read Jonah and Hosea
  • Read Handbook on the Prophets, Pages 406-416 and 336-368
  • Read Introduction to the Old Testament Prophets: Chap 29, 25
  • Do Study Guide #2 of He Gave Us Prophets from Pratt Video/Audio
  • No Class next week
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