IPM AND THE CASE OF “WHAT DUN IT”. James Bryant, Curator of Natural History Museum Department, City of Riverside, CA Patrick Kelley, General Manager Insects Limited, Inc. Michael Schuetz, Collections Technician Historic New England, Collections & Conservation Center.
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James Bryant, Curator of Natural History
Museum Department, City of Riverside, CA
Patrick Kelley, General Manager
Insects Limited, Inc.
Michael Schuetz, Collections Technician
Historic New England, Collections & Conservation Center
Odd Beetle larva
Actual adult size 1/10 inch long
Actual size 1/8 inch longWHICH INSECTS ARE PESTS?
PROTEIN FEEDERS (fur, feathers, hide products, wool, silk, bone, etc.) –
Furniture Carpet Beetle, larva and adult
Cigarette Beetle larva
Actual size 1/8 inch long
Actual size 3/16 inch long
Adult BooklouseWHICH INSECTS ARE PESTS?
GENERAL FEEDERS (mold, starch, cellulose, grains) –
Actual size 1/32 to 3/16 inch long
Actual size 1/3 to 3/4 inch long
Like humans, pests need food, water, & shelter. Collections storage and historic houses may easily provide for one - or all -of these needs:
With things that good, why leave?
an “ecosystems” approach to pest control that seeks to protect museum staff and visiting public from exposure to toxic chemicals. IPM is “preventative conservation”, i.e. it tries to prevent the conditions in which pests thrive from occurring in museum settings.
The “hard work” part: No one person on a museum staff can be responsible for carrying out all IPM methods. Everyone has a role to play.
European House Cricket
1) Tell the director it’s ridiculous to have collections storage located next to the food hall
2) Place a work order with building services to have a tight-fitting sweep attached to the bottom of the door
3) Place an order with central stores to have an “Out to Lunch” sign purchased for the collection manager’s door“The Case of the Broken Bat”
1) Jot down a memo to the Director to have all work spaces removed from collections storage areas
2) Enter a reminder to discuss a new policy regarding consuming food at work spaces
3) Place an order with building services to have a fine mesh screen installed in the window over the collections manager’s desk“The Case of the Broken Bat”
1) The collections manager, handling a request that came in during lunch, discovered a specimen that could have been destroyed by pest infestation
2) The last person to use the cabinet must have left the door and drawer open
3) In despair upon discovering the infestation, the collections manager leapt out the window
4) All of the above“The Case of the Broken Bat”
• A light tan color
• A many-segmented structure, resembling accordion pleats
Numerous, curving bristles surrounding each segment
WHAT DUN IT?“The Case of the Broken Bat”
2) Salvage what you can from the damaged trap and take it to someone that may be able to identify the “bugs”.
3) Make a mental note to have housekeeping perform a sweep of textile storage to pick up these disgusting things.“The Case of the Devoured Duck”
1) Say to yourself, this is a bad ending of a bad day, I’m going home.
2) Immediately start to scratch vigorously on areas of your upper torso.
3) Find a glass jar with a screw lid that used to hold sewing pins and carefully trap one of the buggers against the wall and close the lid over it.
4) Both 2 & 3“The Case of the Devoured Duck”
1) Monitoring for insects in sticky traps might just work.
2) I really need to scrape that glue off of my shoe before I go out tonight.
3) Perhaps the bug in the jar is the same as the ones in the traps.
4) Both 1 & 3“The Case of the Devoured Duck”
• Small skinny white worms with brown heads are crawling on the inside of the box.
• A few of the bugs fly out of the box right past your face as you pick up the boa to examine.
WHAT DUN IT?
1) Brush the dust underneath the hooked rug lying next to the table and call it a day.
2) Get angry and decide to ‘chew out’ your staff for doing a poor job on housekeeping.
3) Take a closer look and write yourself a note to further inspect the situation when you come in on Monday morning.
4) Make sure to tell the contractors, who are working on the house, to ‘not track their dust inside.’“The Case of the Holy Table”
1) “I hate Mondays’ and ”I really need another beer”.
2) “Get a magnifying glass and closely inspect the holes and tunnels.”
3) “It’s just as well; I didn’t really like this table anyway.”
4) “Take some reference photos, vacuum all of the dust, and keep an eye on the holes.”
5) “Plug the holes and tunnels with wood filler- preferably one that matches the color of the oak.”“The Case of the Holy Table”
Scratching your head, you think….
1) “Oh, no! I just touched worm fecal waste!!”
2) “If I used a stethoscope and ‘listened’ to the table, I might hear chewing, munching or tapping sounds.”
3) “Coating the table with clear urethane would ‘seal off’ the worm activity. (The Collection Manager’s ‘bug expert’ said it got rid of the worms in the rafters!)”
4) “Spray the table with Heavy Duty Insect Killer, making sure to spray inside all the holes and tunnels.”“The Case of the Holy Table”
and sign up on the firstname.lastname@example.org mailing list and post my questions.”
This critter …
• Is about 3/8” long, cylindrical body, with parallel rows of pits on its wing covers.
• Is medium-brownish in color.
Has what looks like a ‘dome-like’ shell for a head.
WHAT DUN IT?“The Case of the Holy Table”