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Cultural Diffusion and the Columbian Exchange. Patterns of Trade From medieval - 1750 C.E. What are the benefits of studying the past regarding this subject today?. 900 CE – 1750 CE. MODERN. BCE. 1-300CE. 300CE. Patterns of Trade Cultural Diffusion. and how they led to.

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cultural diffusion and the columbian exchange

Cultural Diffusionand the Columbian Exchange

Patterns of Trade

From medieval - 1750 C.E.

What are the benefits of studying the past regarding this subject today?

slide2

900 CE – 1750 CE

MODERN

BCE

1-300CE

300CE

Patterns of Trade

Cultural Diffusion

and how they led to

We will be looking at the exchange of ideas & goods from 300 CE to 1750 CE.

Welcome to our world

slide3

North and South America

Afroeurasia

Many connections were established among regions that formed interregional patterns of unity.

slide5

Books & paper

Mapmaking

Stern-rudder

Ideas

North Arabian Camel Saddle

Astrolabe

Stirrup

Lateen sail

Slide #5 Student notes:

Transport and communication technology improved.

slide6

Ideas

Slide #6 Student notes:

How did transfers of technology and products change people’s lives in Afroeurasia?

  • The pace of innovation increased
  • Knowledge accumulated more quickly
  • Manufacturing and farming productivity increased
  • People’s diets and health improved
  • Sea travel and transport increased
slide7
Exchanges that began in Afroeurasia continued to bring about changeCont. Slide #6 Student notes write a couple:
  • Scholars translated books, taught others, and worked to gain knowledge
  • Trade introduced people to new products, increasing demand for luxuries
  • Money moved across countryside and continents in exchange for goods
  • Religious ideas were hotly debated, and ordinary people worshipped daily
  • Ruling groups debated laws, and military struggles continued
slide8

Columbus 1492

Vasco Da Gama

1498

Magellan

1519

Slide #8 Student notes:

After 1415, European mariners made voyages across the seas toward east and west. By 1519, Magellan had circumnavigated the globe. Others set out in search of wealth, adventure and fame.

slide9

If you had to put all of these changes into one sentence, what would it be?

You might say, by 1500 CE, the world was connected, right?

But wait! You still haven’t said much about the Americas!

slide10

Well…the Americas and Afroeurasia were not yet permanently linked together.

…not until 1492…

When Columbus sailed the ocean blue…

slide11

Slide #11 Student notes:

So, by 1492, European mariners set out on trans-oceanic voyages to the Americas.

Those voyages linked the Americas with Afroeurasia for the first time since the migrations of people over 13,000 years earlier!

It had to happen sooner or later!

slide12

Mapmaking

Lateen Sail

Compass

Stern-rudder

Cultural exchange in Afroeurasia before 1500 CE resulted in the technologies that made transoceanic voyages possible.

Is that why people from Afroeurasia discovered the Americas, and not the opposite?

slide13

The Columbian Exchange

Slide #13 Student notes:

Plants, animals and micro-organisms of Afroeurasia were exchanged with those of the Americas across the oceans.

columbian exchange
New crops like potatoes and beans spread and improved nutrition worldwide.

Luxury products like coffee, chocolate, tea, tobacco and spices meant new cultural habits for those with money to spend.

Population & Environment

Columbian Exchange
slide15

Population & Environment

Plains woman hunting buffalo, 1800s

Slide #15 Student notes:

Environmental changes resulted from introducing new species

Global cash crops were grown on large plantations with slave labor

Caribbean sugar plantation, 1600s

Livestock introduced to the Americas changed indigenous groups’ ways of life

slide16

Population & Environment

Islam and Christianity spread with empires, trade, and migration

  • Catholic missionaries followed the spread of the Spanish empire
  • Jesuits worked in Asia
  • Protestants colonized North America
  • Traders and Sufi orders spread Islam in Africa and Asia
  • The Ottoman Empire pressed into eastern Europe.
slide17

1507

1484

Ideas & Inventions

1520

1780

Mapmakers finally got my portrait right!

What a handsome guy!

slide18

GOODS, IDEAS AND PEOPLE ARE NOW MOVING AROUND THE WORLD CONTINUING CROSS CULTURALIZATION AND…..

Slide #18 Student notes:

Define: CULTURAL DIFFUSION

Cultural diffusion is the spreading of ideas or products from one culture to another.

slide 19 student notes

Trade & Manufacturing

Slide # 19 Student notes:

Trade encircled the globe:

The Columbian Exchange was a dramatically widespread

exchange of animals, plants, culture and human populations (including slaves), communicable diseases, and ideas between the Eastern and Western hemispheres.

let us draw conclusions
Let us draw conclusions:

Explain 7 benefits of global trade on civilization, list examples for each benefit.

Formulate your ideas then write & explain

7 examples that you learned from this presentation.

(Use the graphic organizer)

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