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Update on the NIST Smart Grid Standardization Efforts. Nada Golmie National Institute of Standards and Technology November 16, 2009. The NIST Role. Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 Title XIII, Section 1305. Smart Grid Interoperability Framework.

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slide1

Update on the NIST Smart Grid Standardization Efforts

  • Nada Golmie
  • National Institute of Standards and Technology
  • November 16, 2009
the nist role
The NIST Role

Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007

Title XIII, Section 1305.

Smart Grid Interoperability Framework

In cooperation with the DoE and other stakeholders, NIST has “primary responsibility to coordinate development of a framework that includes protocols and model standards for information management to achieve interoperability of smart grid devices and systems…”

outline
Outline
  • Smart Grid Interoperability Panel
  • NIST Framework and Roadmap for Smart Grid Interoperability Standards
    • Priority Action Plan for IP – PAP#1
    • Priority Action Plan for Wireless Communications – PAP#2
    • Application communication requirements
nist three phase plan
NIST Three Phase Plan

PHASE 1

Engage stakeholders in a participatory public process to identify applicable standards, gaps in currently available standards and priorities for new standardization activities

PHASE 2

Establish a formal standards panel to drive longer-term progress.

Public review

and comments

PHASE 3

Develop and implement a framework for testing and certification

(Draft) Framework and Roadmap for Smart Grid Interoperability Standards ( Release 1.0)

(Final) Framework and Roadmap for Smart Grid Interoperability Standards ( Release 1.0)

2010

2009

November

March

4

smart grid interoperability panel sgip vision
Smart Grid Interoperability Panel (SGIP) Vision
  • Public-private partnership to support NIST EISA responsibility
  • Open, transparent body
  • Representation from all smart grid stakeholder groups
  • Open to any materially interested stakeholder organizations
  • Not dominated by any one group
  • SGIP does not directly develop or write standards
    • Stakeholders participate in the ongoing coordination, acceleration and harmonization of standards development. 
    • Reviews use cases, identifies requirements, coordinates conformance testing, and proposes action plans for achieving these goals.

5

sgip structure
SGIP Structure

NIST Oversight

Smart Grid Interoperability Panel and Governing Board

Products (IKB)

Smart Grid Identified Standards

SGIPGB

SGIP

Stakeholder Category

Members (22)

One Organization,One Vote

Priority

Action

Plans

SGIPStanding Committee

Members (2)

Use Cases

At large

Members (3)

Requirements

Standing Committees

Working Groups

Ex Officio

(non-voting)

Members

Standards

Descriptions

Conceptual Model

6

sgip governing board vision
SGIP: Governing Board Vision
  • Maintains a broad perspective of the NIST Interoperability Framework and supports NIST
  • Provides guidance and tools that make it an impartial and practical resource for SG stakeholders
  • Members representing a broad community based on breadth of experience and involvement
    • Each stakeholder category has a position on Governing Board
    • Additional at-large and ex-officio members
    • Nominating committee process in steady state
  • Consensus is a core value
    • All legitimate views and proposals are considered
    • Voting mechanisms to be defined

8

slide9
First Phase Initial Output: NIST Framework and Roadmap for Smart Grid Interoperability Standards, Release 1.0
  • A conceptual reference model to facilitate design of an architecture for the Smart Grid overall and for each of its networked domains;
  • An initial set of standards;
  • Priorities for additional standards necessary to resolve important gaps and to assure the interoperability, reliability, and security of Smart Grid components; and
  • Action plans for responding to short-term and long-term needs for standards, including recommended timetables and identification of necessary collaborative relationships with standards development organizations (SDOs) with expertise in Smart Grid domains or technology areas
level of urgency
Level of Urgency

The $3.4 billion in U.S. Smart Grid Investment Grants, combined with matching $4.7 billion in private funds ($8.1 billion total) will result in deployment, over the next 3-4 years of

40 million smart meters (about 1/4 of the total meter base in the U.S.)

850 phasor measurement units covering 100% of the grid

200,000 smart transformers

700 automated substations

1 million in-home displays

170,000 smart thermostats

175,000 other load control devices.

There is only a very small window of opportunity to specify the standards that will be used in these deployments since they will be completed within 3-4 years.

smart grid cyber security strategy
Smart Grid Cyber Security Strategy

13

  • Cyber Security Coordination Task Group (CSCTG) to develop a set of recommended cyber security requirements

http://collaborate.nist.gov/twiki-sggrid/bin/view/SmartGrid/CyberSecurityCTG

  • Draft NIST Interagency Report (NISTIR) 7628, Smart Grid Cyber Security Strategy and Requirements
    • Comments must be received on or before December 1, 2009
    • How to provide comments:

http://edocket.access.gpo.gov/2009/E9-24430.htm

    • Final document planned for publication in March 2010.
ip priority action plan
IP Priority Action Plan
  • Develop Smart Grid application communication requirements and devise a taxonomy for applications with similar network requirements
    • Draft matrix under development and available for review http://collaborate.nist.gov/twiki-sggrid/pub/SmartGrid/PAP02Wireless/app_matrix_pap.xls
  • Identify a Core Protocol Suite for IP-based Smart Grid
    • IETF drafts and reports submitted for considerations

http://collaborate.nist.gov/twiki-sggrid/bin/view/SmartGrid/PAP01InternetProfile

  • Develop Application-Specific Protocol Requirements
    • Identify additional protocols or protocol enhancements beyond the core suite required by a specific class of applications
    • Develop guidelines for IP-based Smart Grid networks
  • Perform Gap Analysis
    • Identify new protocol or protocol enhancement standardization activities required to fully support the Smart Grid Vision

14

wireless priority action plan
Wireless Priority Action Plan
  • Develop Smart Grid application communication requirements and devise a taxonomy for applications with similar network requirements
    • Draft under development and available for reviewhttp://collaborate.nist.gov/twiki-sggrid/pub/SmartGrid/PAP02Wireless/app_matrix_pap.xls
  • Develop terminology and definitions
  • Create an attribute list and performance metrics for wireless standards
    • Draft developed and available for review

http://collaborate.nist.gov/twiki-sggrid/pub/SmartGrid/PAP02Wireless/NIST_PAP2-_Wireless_Characteristics-IEEE802-v_02.xls

  • Create an inventory of wireless technologies and standards that are identified by each SDO
    • Feedback is expected by December 6, 2009.
  • Conduct an evaluation of the wireless technologies based on the application requirements
  • Perform a gap analysis and developing guidelines for the use of wireless technologies.

15

smart grid application communication requirements
Smart Grid Application Communication Requirements

What?

  • Review Smart Grid use cases and application domains and devise a taxonomy for applications with similar network requirements

How will it be done?

  • Identify applications with similar networking requirements
  • Requirements include data rate (traffic patterns, how much and how often), delay, jitter, loss, data distribution (point to point or point to multi-point), security

Who?

  • Utility and user groups, SG community, with NIST help

Timeline

  • End of 2009

Progress to date

  • Work has started within the Open SG UCAiug, NEMA, and NIST
  • Focus of combined IP and wireless PAP session at Grid-Interop

16

what s next
What’s next

First SGIP meeting held at the Grid-Interop Conference,

November 16-19, 2009 in Denver, Colorado

  • SGIP charter ratification
  • SGIP governing board (electronic) elections and results
  • Priority action plan workshop
sources
Sources
  • NIST Smart Grid web site

http://www.nist.gov/smartgrid/

  • NIST Smart Grid Twiki

http://collaborate.nist.gov/twiki-sggrid/bin/view/SmartGrid/WebHome

  • IP Priority Action Plan

http://collaborate.nist.gov/twiki-sggrid/bin/view/SmartGrid/PAP01InternetProfile

  • Wireless Priority Action Plan

http://collaborate.nist.gov/twiki-sggrid/bin/view/SmartGrid/PAP02Wireless