ANTE TODO In both English and Spanish, relative pronouns are used to combine two sentences or clauses that share a commo - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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ANTE TODO In both English and Spanish, relative pronouns are used to combine two sentences or clauses that share a commo PowerPoint Presentation
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ANTE TODO In both English and Spanish, relative pronouns are used to combine two sentences or clauses that share a commo

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ANTE TODO In both English and Spanish, relative pronouns are used to combine two sentences or clauses that share a commo
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ANTE TODO In both English and Spanish, relative pronouns are used to combine two sentences or clauses that share a commo

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  1. ANTE TODO • In both English and Spanish, relative pronouns are used to combine two sentences or clauses that share a common element, such as a noun or pronoun.

  2. Spanish has three frequently-used relative pronouns, as shown in the following list. quethat; which; who quien(es) who; whom; that lo quethat which; what

  3. ¡ATENCIÓN! • Interrogative words (qué, quién, etc.) always carry an accent. • Relative pronouns, however, never carry a written accent.

  4. Mis padres me regalaronla aspiradora. La aspiradorafuncionamuybien. My parents gave me the vacuum cleaner. The vacuum cleaner works very well. Mis padres me regalaronla aspiradoraquefuncionamuybien.. My parents gave me the vacuum cleaner that works very well. La aspiradoraqueme regalaronmis padres funcionamuybien. The vacuum cleaner that my parents gave me works very well. Lourdesesmuyinteligente. Lourdes estudiaespañol. Lourdes is very intelligent Lourdes studies Spanish. Lourdes, quienestudia español, es muy inteligente. Lourdes, who studies Spanish, is very intelligent.

  5. Queis the most frequently used relative pronoun. It can refer to things or to people. Unlike its English counterpart, (that/who) queis never omitted. ¿Dónde está la cafetera quecompré? Where is the coffee maker (that) I bought? El hombre quelimpia es Pedro. The man who is cleaning is Pedro.

  6. The relative pronoun quien(whom/that/who) refers only to people and is often used after a preposition or the personal a. • Note that quienhas only two forms: quien(singular) and quienes(plural). ¿Son laschicasdequienesme hablaste la semanapasada? Are they the girls (that) you told me about last week? Eva, aquienconocíanoche, es mi nuevavecina. Eva, whom I met last night, is my new neighbor.

  7. Quien(es)is occasionally used instead of quein clauses set off by commas. Lola, quienescubana, esmédica. Lola, who is Cuban, is a doctor. Su tía, queesalemana, yallegó. His aunt, who is German, already arrived.

  8. Unlike queand quien(es), lo quedoesn’t refer to a specific noun. It refers to an idea, a situation, or a past event and means what, that which, or the thing that. Lo queme molestaes el calor. What bothers me is the heat. Lo quequieroesuna casa. What I want is a house.

  9. ¡INTÉNTALO!Completa las siguientes oraciones con pronombres relativos. • I am going to use the plates my grandmother gave me. Voy a utilizar los platos _____ me regaló mi abuela. que 2. Ana shares an apartment with the girl we met at Jorge’s party. Ana comparte un apartamento con la chica a _____ conocimos en la fiesta de Jorge. quien

  10. 3. This office has all we need. Esta oficina tiene todo _____ necesitamos. lo que 4. You can study in the bedroom that is to the right of the kitchen. Puedes estudiar en el dormitorio _____ está a la derecha de la cocina. que

  11. 5. The men who live in that house just arrived from Central America. Los señores _____ viven en esa casa acaban de llegar de Centroamérica. que 6. The children whom you saw in our garden are my nephews. Los niños a _____ viste en nuestrojardín son missobrinos. quienes

  12. 7. The pool you see from the window is my neighbors’ pool. La piscina _____ ves desde la ventana es la piscina de mis vecinos. que 8. It was Ursula who helped my mom clean the refrigerator. Fue Úrsula _____ ayudó a mamá a limpiar el refrigerador. que

  13. 9. I already told you it was my father who rented the apartment. Ya te dije que fue mi padre ____ alquiló el apartamento. que 10. What Pablo told you is not true. _____ te dijo Pablo no es cierto. Lo que

  14. 11. I have to dust the furniture that is in the attic one time montlhy. Tengo que sacudir los muebles ____ están en el altillo una vez al mes. que 12. The woman whom you greeted lives in the suburbs. La mujer a ____ saludaste vive en las afueras. quien 13. Do you know what this bedroom needs? Some curtains! ¿Sabes ____ necesita este dormitorio? ¡Unas cortinas! lo que

  15. 14. I don’t want to do again what I did yesterday. No quiero volver a hacer ____ hice ayer. lo que 15. I don’t like living with people I don’t know. No me gusta vivir con personas a ____ no conozco. quienes