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Climate Change Meets Policy. Mainstreaming Water In Climate Change Adaptation Workshop of the Lead Coordinators of the African Group of Negotiators on Climate Change Addis Ababa, August 13-17, 2012. Seleshi Bekele Awulachew (Ph.D) Senior Water and Climate Specialist ACPC-UNECA. Outline.

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seleshi bekele awulachew ph d senior water and climate specialist acpc uneca

Climate Change Meets Policy

Mainstreaming Water In Climate Change AdaptationWorkshop of the Lead Coordinators of the African Group of Negotiators on Climate ChangeAddis Ababa, August 13-17, 2012

Seleshi Bekele Awulachew (Ph.D)

Senior Water and Climate Specialist



This presentation covers:

  • The Nairobi Work Programme
  • Water under NWP and UNFCCC Process
  • Progresses
  • ACPC Related Works
  • Key Messages and Issues for AGN
the nairobi work programme objective
The Nairobi work programme - Objective

Assist all Parties, in particular developing countries, including the least developed countries and small island developing states to:

Improve their understanding and assessment of impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change;

Make informed decisions on practical adaptation actions and measures to respond to climate change on a sound scientific, technical and socio-economic basis, taking into account current and future climate change and variability.

water in the unfccc process
Water in the UNFCCC process

Article 4, para 1(e)commits Parties to

Develop and elaborate appropriate and integrated plans for coastal zone management, water resources and agriculture, and for the protection and rehabilitation of areas, particularly in Africa, affected by drought and desertification, as well as floods”

National Communicationswhich all Parties report on the steps they have undertaken to implement the Convention provide information on vulnerability and assessment, climate change impacts and adaptation measures, including those relating to water

National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPAs)

provides a process for LDCs to identify and prioritize actions to respond to their urgent and immediate needs with regard to adaptation to climate change.

(74 priority projects relate to water of 485 projects as at 2011)

water in the nairobi work programme
Water in the Nairobi work programme

SBSTA 34 agreed to discuss the impacts of climate change on water resources and integrated water resources management under the NWP

Technical paper on water and climate change impacts and adaptation strategies (made available for Durban negotiations)

  • Durban mandate to organize, in collaboration with NWP Partner organizations and relevant organizations, a technical workshop on water and climate change impacts and adaptation strategies before SBSTA 37 (COP 18) and to include indigenous and traditional knowledge and practices for adaptation and gender-sensitive tools and approaches as cross-cutting issues.
water under nwp unfccc progresses
Water Under NWP UNFCCC Progresses

Knowledge sources

  • NWP partner organizations have pledged actions contributing to the enhancement of understanding and assessment of vulnerability and adaptation practices in the water sector.
  • Existing knowledge products-such as adaptation planning practices interface and local coping strategies provide information on adaptation planning and practices on vulnerable sectors, including water
  • Climate Change and Freshwater Resources: A Synthesis of Adaptation Actions Undertaken by Nairobi Work Programme Partner Organizations, 2011 in collaboration with GWP
  • UNFCCC Compendium on methods and tools to evaluate impacts of, and vulnerability and adaptation to, climate change, including on water resources.

Round Table

Stockholm RT Objectives

  • To open discussion on priority themes linking water, climate change impacts and adaptation
  • To identify areas for focussed discussion for technical workshop based on gaps and needs
  • Identify potential outputs and outcomes for the technical workshop
  • To identify challenges in the exchange of information and knowledge between stakeholder groups
  • Discuss need and opportunities for linkages, collaboration and knowledge sharing


  • to feed into planning for the technical workshop
  • Of all the existing gaps and needs for action, the highest priority actions
objectives of the technical workshop 18 20 july 2012
Objectives of the Technical Workshop18-20 July 2012

a) assist all Parties, in particular developing countries, including the lDC and SIDS to improve and develop shared understanding of:

  • impacts and vulnerability of freshwater resources and water related sectors to climate change;
  • practical adaptation planning and practices that reduces vulnerability of fresh water resources and water-related sectors;
  • data, information and research needs, and opportunities, including on knowledge sharing and management and collaboration among stakeholders at all levels for integrated water resource management and building resilience of water resources to climate change

b) provide a potential direction for future work on water, climate change and adaptation in the context of the Nairobi work programme

main conclusion of the technical workshop
Main Conclusion of the Technical Workshop

Broad agreement on a thematic focus on water through which the NWP of work can/will provide recommendations on water related adaptation actions/initiatives/measures with the aim of:-

  • financing adaptation
  • provide information and capacity building on adaptation within UNFCCC
  • address cross-cutting issues and engagements
  • bridging knowledge gaps
  • facilitate dialogue/information between decision makers, scientist and practitioners
  • engage in dialogue and consensus building around water and CC
  • be a helpdesk/central contact for water related adaptation knowledge and practices



ClimDev Africa

Programme Delivery-

Partnership, Roles and Responsibilities

The Climate Change and Desertification Unit (CCDU): Advocacy i.e. Political leadership & coordination of Africa’s common position on climate change

The African Climate Policy Centre (ACPC): Policy i.e. Programmatic activities to develop climate policy capacity through knowledge generation, advocacy and advisory services

The ClimDev Special Fund (CDSF) : Financing demand-led investments on the ground for generation and use of climate information


the climdev africa programme
The ClimDev Africa Programme

Construct solid foundation in Africa for the response to climate change based on:

Building solid science and observational infrastructure;

Enabling strong working partnerships between government institutions, private sector, civil society and vulnerable communities; and,

Creation and strengthening of knowledge frameworks to support and integrate the actions required.

climdev africa 2012 2014
ClimDev Africa, 2012-2014

Summary of the ClimDev Africa Result Areas Include:

  • Widely available climate information, packaging and dissemination
    • With a focus on climate science, data, information and services. This includes extensive engagement with the meteorological and hydrological communities
  • Quality analysis for decision support and management practice
    • With a focus on climate resilient and low carbon, development the economics of such development, and sectoral issues
      • e.g. in the areas of water, land, agriculture, energy, and infrastructure
    • This includes extensive engagement with policy, practice and research communities
  • Informed decision-making, awareness and advocacy
    • Including the CCDA Conferences, an presence at COPs, and outreach at all levels to the policy, practice and research communities
  • ClimDev Africa Programme functioning
    • Secretariat, CDSC Meetings, establishment of the CDSF(at the AfDB) and the CCDU (at the AUC)
ACPC working program 2012-2014 Result Area 1 OutputsWidely available climate information, packaging and dissemination
  • Rescue of historical meteorological and hydrological data
  • Data management of climate and hydrological data
  • Upgrade telecom, observation and data collection systems for upper air and surface networks
  • Quality monitoring of greenhouse gases, air quality, inland lakes, African oceans, coastal environments and glaciers
  • Hydrological observations and data management
  • Detect and attribute carbon sources and sinks
  • Early warning and seasonal forecasting
  • Long term climate projections and scenarios
  • Climate information packaging for all climate sensitive sectors and end users
programmatic activities programme stakeholders engagement
Programmatic activities- programme & stakeholders engagement

Climate and Development

Policy Community

Practice Community

Research Community

  • Knowledge generation and sharing
  • Advocacy and consensus building
  • Technical coop’n and capacity dev.
  • Frameworks, strategies, plans
  • Case studies and examples
  • Research and partnerships


Climate finance and economics

Climate resilient development

Low carbon development

Climate science, data and information

acpc stakeholders cc water focus
ACPC Stakeholders –CC & Water focus


  • Mapping partners (primary/secondary)
  • Engagement directly or through partners
  • Defining impact pathway and roles through ACPC activities
water climate works eg of ksm stakeholders
Water & Climate Works Eg of KSM & Stakeholders
  • Africa Wide Expert Consultation
  • Key Knowledge Products – Working papers, policy briefs, book chapters, IPCC reviews, etc
  • Project Examples
    • Climate Data and Information System in 8 countries to be out scaled to 54 countries
    • ACP-World Bank Infrastructure and Climate Change in 7 River Basins of Africa
    • West Africa TB Aquifer Management
    • ……..
  • Knowledge Sharing, Dissemination and Advocacy Examples
    • CCDA-I and II
    • CoP17
    • National- sub-regional – continental mechanisms
    • Intra-ACP GCCA
acpc work example major programme areas in 8 countries
ACPC Work Example:Major Programme Areas in 8 countries

Climate data and information for development

Assessment of existing data and information system

Meteorological data rescue, upgrade network, modernize the system

Hydrological data rescue, upgrade network, modernize the system

Setting up MRV and related capacity

Climate change adaptation climate resilience

Analytical tool and methods for extreme events

Climate change effects on key sectors: agriculture, water, energy, …

Climate change adaptation, technology needs assessment and finance

Climate change mitigation and low carbon development

Climate change mitigation and technology needs assessment

Exploration of opportunities: technical, policy, financial for LCD

Capacity building & technical support

Knowledge support in implementation of Rwandan

climate change R&D and strategy

MIDIMA Strategy

Support in curricula development, ToT, dissemination/communication, graduate programmes

acpc work examples addressing the climate vulnerability of africa s infrastructure
ACPC Work ExamplesAddressing the climate vulnerability of Africa’s infrastructure


Project area

  • Quantify the impacts of climate change on performance of infrastructure in the water (irrigation, water supply, hydro-power), power pool, and transport sectors in Sub-Saharan Africa;
  • Identify, demonstrate and cost, robust adaptation approaches for planning, evaluating and designing specific infrastructure investments in the face of climate uncertainty;
  • Formulate actionable recommendations for policy makers (at the regional, sub-regional and national levels) on how to enhance the climate resilience of infrastructure development, and mobilize the required resources

Three sectors

Water infrastructure (hydropower, irrigation, municipal/industrial water supply)

Power pools (with hydropower input)


conceptual framework
Conceptual framework

Steps to be followed

Example for irrigation sector

  • For each sector (hydropower, irrigation, power pools, roads, water supply), the OBJECTIVE VARIABLES that Policy makers are interested in achieving will be specified in the base line (no climate change) and under climate change;
  • Next DECISION VARIABLES will be specified which can be used to achieve the target of the objective variables.
  • Finally the DEVIATIONS from baseline targets of the objective variables caused by climate change (assuming no adaptation) will be evaluated
  • For adaptation decision variables that minimize the average or maximum regrets will be selected
project implementation
Project implementation

Progress of the project

Web portal of the project

  • Inception workshop conducted

(May, 2012)

  • Stocktaking report on climate change impact in Africa prepared
  • Project communication initiated
    • Web portal established
    • eRoom created
key messages adaptation in water
Key Messages: Adaptation in water

Knowledge generation, sharing, brokering through effective SH engagement:

  • Reduce uncertainty and knowledge gaps
  • Co-generation of knowledge

Enhance WRD & IWRM

  • Leapfrog in development, and water is one of the crucial path for CR & LCD

Use efficiency and sustainability

  • Adopt critical interventions and technologies that are sustainable
  • Increase land and water productivity, efficiency and value per unit of resources


  • Technology transfers and access

Increase finance, investment and governance

  • Accessing adaptation funds to support WRD pays of and lead to ‘Concrete adaptation activity’ in Africa
  • Urgent investment need to rescue meteorological and hydrological records, upgrading networks, enhance knowledge base, climate service, etc
  • Enhance policy and governance mechanisms
issues for agn to consider
Issues for AGN to Consider
  • Development of Africa’s untapped water resources could contribute both to mitigation (eg hydropower, agriculture intensification) and adaptation (agricultural productivity, drought, flood, coastal protection, CRM) – needs allocations in adaptation, new market mechanisms and GCF
  • Water resources be taken as a theme under NWP and adequate focus on in adaptation wok programme
climate change mitigation and adaptation through better water management

Climate ChangeMitigation and adaptation through better water management

Mitigation is about gases.

Adaptation is mainly about water.


Climate Change Meets Policy


Thank you