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The Core Disciplines. Kenneth M. York School of Business Administration Oakland University. The Fifth Discipline , Peter M Senge. Systems Thinking. The Core Disciplines. Systems Thinking

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The core disciplines

The Core Disciplines

Kenneth M. York

School of Business Administration

Oakland University

The core disciplines1

The Fifth Discipline, Peter M Senge

Systems Thinking

The Core Disciplines

  • Systems Thinking

    • Methods, tools, and principles, all oriented to looking at the interrelatedness of forces, and seeing them as part of a common process (a system)

    • A system is a perceived whole whose elements "hang together" because they continually affect each other over time and operate toward a common purpose

The core disciplines2

Systems Thinking

The Core Disciplines

  • Examples of systems include biological organisms (including human bodies), the atmosphere, diseases, ecological niches, factories, chemical reactions, political entities, communities, industries, families, teams--and all organizations. You and your work are probably elements of dozens of different systems.

The core disciplines3

Systems Thinking

The Core Disciplines

  • What is the effect of downsizing by 10% of your workforce?

    • Save on labor costs

    • Employees fear another cut, look for work elsewhere

    • Better employees can find other opportunities, others stay

    • Applicants are less likely to apply in the future, cost per hire recruiting costs increases

The core disciplines4

Team Learning

The Core Disciplines

  • Team Learning

    • Team learning is vital because teams, not individuals, are the fundamental learning unit in modern organizations

    • Unless teams can learn, the organization cannot learn

The core disciplines5

Building a Shared Vision

The Core Disciplines

  • Building a Shared Vision

    • Building pictures of the future that foster genuine commitment in people rather than compliance

      • The fundamental reason for the organization's existence

      • An image of the desired future

      • The values that describe how we intend to operate, on a day-to-day basis, as we pursue our vision

The core disciplines6

Building a Shared Vision

The Core Disciplines

  • What is your vision for your college education?

    • To get a degree?

      • Confuses the degree with the education that the degree represents

    • To get job training?

      • Prepares you for your career

    • Why are you here?

The core disciplines7

Mental Models

The Core Disciplines

  • Mental Models

    • Semi-permanent tacit "maps" of the world which people hold in their long-term memory, and the short-term perceptions which people build up as part of their everyday reasoning process

    • Deeply ingrained assumptions, generalizations, or mental images that influence how we understand the world

The core disciplines8

Mental Models

The Core Disciplines

  • When you apply for jobs, who are you competing against?

  • When you are a Manager…

    • What tasks will you be doing?

    • What knowledge will you need?

    • What skills will you be using?

    • What is the standard of job performance your employer will expect of you?

    • What is the standard of job performance you will expect of yourself?

The core disciplines9

Mental Models

The Core Disciplines

  • As a Human Resources Manager, what will you bring to the table?

    • How should the job performance of someone in this job be evaluated?

    • How much should this job pay?

    • Is this training program working?

    • Does this test discriminate?

    • Does this test predict job performance?

The core disciplines10

Personal Mastery

The Core Disciplines

  • Personal Mastery

    • Continually clarifying and deepening our personal vision, of focusing our energies, of developing patience, and of seeing reality objectively

    • Mastery means a special level of proficiency; people with a high level of personal mastery consistently realize the results that matter most to them

The core disciplines11

Personal Mastery

The Core Disciplines

  • A commitment to excellence, holding yourself to a high standard of performance

  • Self-insight into what really matters to you

    • What do you think deserves your best effort?

A take home exercise

The Fifth Discipline Fieldbook, Senge, Kleiner, Roberts, Ross, and Smith

A take home exercise

  • What is your Personal Vision?

    • Work: What is your ideal professional or vocational situation? What impact would you like your efforts to have?

    • Personal pursuits: What would you like to create in the arena of individual learning, travel, reading, or other activities?

    • Community: What is your vision for the community or society you live in?

    • Other: What else, in any other arena of your life, would you like to create?

    • Life purpose: Imaging that your life has a unique purpose, fulfilled through what you do—describe that purpose