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Stages of Spelling Development. How do children learn how to spell?. Concepts of print Letter-sound correspondence (match) Spelling within a one-syllable word Build words with multi-syllables Word meanings related to spelling. How do children learn how to spell?. INVENTED SPELLING….

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How do children learn how to spell
How do children learn how to spell?

Concepts of print

Letter-sound correspondence (match)

Spelling within a one-syllable word

Build words with multi-syllables

Word meanings related to spelling


How do children learn how to spell1
How do children learn how to spell?

INVENTED SPELLING…

  • Concepts of print

  • Letter-sound correspondence

  • Spelling within a word

  • Build words with multi-syllables

  • Word meanings

1. Emergent:Scribbles>letters & directionality

2. Letter-Name: Alphabetic principle, consonants / short vowels /cons.blends

3. Within-word patterns: long vowel, bossy-r, vowel combinations

4. Syllables & Affixes (Word Endings): plurals, tenses

5.Derivational Relations:relationship btw spelling & meaning, various forms


Spelling reading
Spelling < > Reading

1. Emergent: Scribbles >letters & directionality

2. Letter-Name: Alphabetic principle, consonants / short vowels /cons.blends

3. Within-word patterns: long vowel, bossy-r, vowel combinations

4. Syllables & Affixes (Word Endings): plurals, tenses

5.Derivational Relations:relationship btw spelling & meaning, various forms

Emergent Reader

PreK-K

Beginning Reader

K-1

Transitional Reader

Gr 2 – 3

Advanced Reader

Gr. 4 +


A clarification
A clarification…

  • Letter-Name Alphabetic Spellers tend to spell by the NAME of the letter (Y = why; YN = when; UZ = use) and they often use the uppercase letter

    • Early (mostly letter names)

    • Middle > Late (combine names & sounds)

  • Next steps: Focus on the SOUND of the letter and how SOUNDS get combined to form words


Can you match them up
Can you match them up?

personable, personality

kit(kite)

runing(running)

lOEO~~OllOAOo~~

TD(today)

frend(friend)

Derivational

Late Letter Name

Syllables/Affixes

Emergent

Early Letter Name

Within-Word

What should you teach next? See also p. 178-179 in Tompkins for other assessments (PALS, Qualitative Spelling Inventory)


How do you know what spelling stage they are in
How do you know what spelling stage they are in?

  • Look at what patterns they are USING

  • Then look at what patterns they are CONFUSING

  • The things they are confusing indicates their developmental stage and what you should teach next

LET’S TRY IT OUT


Stages of spelling development1
Stages of Spelling Development

  • Stage 1: Emergent Spelling


Stages of spelling development2
Stages of Spelling Development

Stage 2: Letter Name – Alphabetic Spelling

Early Letter NameMiddle-Late Letter Name

Within-word confusions


Stages of spelling development3
Stages of Spelling Development

Stage 3: Within Word Pattern Spelling

Early Within Word


Stages of spelling development4
Stages of Spelling Development

  • Stage 4: Syllables and Affixes Spelling


Stages of spelling development5
Stages of Spelling Development

  • Stage 5: Derivational Relations Spelling


Steps in determining student s stage of spelling development
Steps in Determining Student’s Stage of Spelling Development

  • 1. Choose writing samples

  • 2. Identify misspelled words

  • 3. Make a spelling analysis chart

  • 4. Categorize student’s misspellings

  • 5. Tally the errors

  • 6. Identify topics for instruction


Spelling development in within word pattern stage transitional readers
Spelling Development in Within Word Pattern Stage Development(Transitional Readers)

  • Vowel patterns (long, r-controlled, w-controlled, l-controlled)

  • Dipthongs (Whiners – oo, oy/oi, ow/ou; aw/au)

  • Complex Consonants (ck, ch/tch, kn, dge/ge, squ, scr/spr/str)

  • Pacing Chart WTW p. 216-217


Stages of spelling development

Today a person at home called us and said that a bomb was in our school and made us go outside and made us wait a half of an hour and it made us waste our time on learning. The end. (Written by Marc in Grade 1)


Stages of spelling development

Letter-Name Alphabetic our school and made us go outside and made us wait a half of an hour and it made us waste our time on learning. The end. (Written by Marc in Grade 1)

Within-Word

Syllables & Affixes

Other Issues

Conclusion:

Goals for Word Study Instruction:

1.

2.

3.

4.


Stages of spelling development

Letter Formation our school and made us go outside and made us wait a half of an hour and it made us waste our time on learning. The end. (Written by Marc in Grade 1)

b for d

z for s

Today a person at home called us and said that a bomb was in our school and made us go outside and made us wait a half of an hour and it made us waste our time on learning. The end.


Stages of spelling development

  • Conclusion: our school and made us go outside and made us wait a half of an hour and it made us waste our time on learning. The end. (Written by Marc in Grade 1) Marc spelled 56% of the words correctly and most of his spelling errors were in the letter-name and within-word patterns stages, which is typical of first graders’ spelling.

  • What goals for word study instruction?

    • Letter d (vs. b) and letter s (vs. z)

    • High-frequency words

    • CVCe vowel pattern

    • ed past tense ending