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  1. ELENAExtra Low ENergy Antiproton Ring LIS/ S. Maury

  2. Motivation to build ELENA AD produces Antiproton beam at 5.3 MeV , most of AD experiments need antiprotons of 3 keV to 5 keV kinetic energy inside the trap. How antiprotons are decelerated today by experiments: • Antihydrogen experiments (ALPHA and ATRAP) use set of degraders to slow 5.3 MeV beam from AD further down • Poor efficiency due to adiabatic blow up of beam emittances and scattering in degraders, less than 0.1 % of AD beam is used. • For ASACUSA, RFQD is used for antiproton deceleration down to around 100 keV kinetic energy. • The deceleration is accompanied by adiabatic blow up (factor 7 in each plane) which causes significant reduction in trapping efficiency and in addition to that, RFQD is very sensitive to trajectory and optics mismatch errors • About 70% beam is lost after passing through RFQD (transverse beam size too big) • about 3-5% of antiprotons are captured after passing through degrader. LIS/ S. Maury

  3. Gain in intensity with extra deceleration and cooling • Deceleration of the antiproton beam in a small ring down to 100 keV with electron cooling increases the beam density. • Emittances of beam passing through a degrader will be much smaller due to the use of the thinner degrader (100 keV beam instead of 5.3 MeV) => a gain of a factor 100 in intensity is expected for ALPHA, ATRAP and AEGIS. • Because of the cooling, beam emittances after deceleration in ELENA will be much smaller than after RFQD => a gain of a factor 10 in intensity is expected for ASACUSA LIS/ S. Maury

  4. ELENA in AD Hall • Must be compact to fit in available space inside of AD Hall • The commissioning of ELENA could be done in parallel with physics • To use existing experimental areas • The existing AD ejection line is re-used • To minimize the distance from ELENA to the experimental areas • To have a new (extra) experimental area LIS/ S. Maury

  5. ELENA layout in AD Hall LIS/ S. Maury

  6. ELENA injection line • To make 82˚ bend, two magnets will be placed upstream to the shielding of AD Hall • 5 or 6 quads used for matching of the Twiss functions (matching of dispersion not possible) • Special care should be given to a crossing of injection and extraction lines LIS/ S. Maury

  7. Injection into ELENA LIS/ S. Maury

  8. Extraction from ELENA LIS/ S. Maury

  9. ELENA ring (fast extraction only) LIS/ S. Maury

  10. ELENA optics LIS/ S. Maury

  11. No electron cooling is performed at injection energy, the beam is decelerated immediately. One intermediate cooling at 35 MeV/c is needed to avoid beam losses The expected cycle duration is in the range of 10 to 15 seconds ELENA cycle LIS/ S. Maury

  12. Electron cooler for ELENA LIS/ S. Maury

  13. Effects of cooler solenoid and compensatorson machine optics • Tune shift due to solenoidal fields, maximal at low energy due to constant magnetic field in electron cooler solenoid and compensators • Coupling in the part of cooling section (effects on antiproton beam alignment). No coupling outside of cooling section due to use of compensating solenoids • Focusing effect of electron beam on antiproton beam -> tunes shift of ELENA ring • Trims can be used to compensate partly these effects LIS/ S. Maury

  14. ELENA main parameters(to be revised by TDR) LIS/ S. Maury

  15. ELENA - Tentative Planning • Tentative planning • Next step: detailed study and Technical Design Report TDR

  16. Summary • ELENA has been approved as a CERN project • Which means that we now have to build it and make it work as a successful facility for this important research at low energy. • Help and contributions to ELENA construction from interested external institutes vital (see ADUC & ELENA meeting ) • ELENA will begin a new era for antiproton physics for many years to come • Next step: detailed study and Technical Design Report (TDR) • AD to be operated for at least one more decade (serious consolidation required) • CERN is now engaged at two extreme fronts of particle physics, the very high and the very low energy side. LIS/ S. Maury

  17. Thanks for your attention! LIS/ S. Maury

  18. What do we want to know from physics community? • The intensity limit in ELENA is defined by emittance and bunch length • Which maximal bunch length in ELENA ring is acceptable for each experiment? Length of 300 ns was defined in 2004, should it be revised? • Which maximal emittance in ELENA ring is acceptable for experiments? LIS/ S. Maury

  19. Which help do we want askfrom physics community for design studies? • Electrostatic beam line studies: 1 MY • Machine physics studies: ≥ 1 MY LIS/ S. Maury

  20. Why did we choose 6-fold ring configuration? Initial ring circumference was 26.2m (1/7 of AD ring) -> not enough space to place all required equipment, not possible to prepare extra experimental area (SPSC request) -> new circumference is 30.4 (1/6 of AD ring) Advantages of the new rings: • More flexibility for injection and extraction with the new layout • The total length of bending magnets is shorter for hexagonal lattice compared with rectangular lattice -> more space for other equipment • Minimal magnetic field in bending magnets (at 100 keV) increased form 399 Gs to 493 Gs – essential! • Optics for 4 fold ring of 30 m long has unfavorable tunes (too much focusing in magnets), wide choice of tunes in 6 fold ring • Smaller beta function values -> smaller aperture required by beam, relaxed requirement for vacuum LIS/ S. Maury