psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic theory part 1 n.
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Psychoanalysis and Psychoanalytic Theory (Part 1). Psychoanalysis. Term has two meanings: Theory of personality Method of therapy Both emphasize unconscious conflicts in mental life T ypically shaped by childhood experiences. Early Years.

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  • Term has two meanings:
    • Theory of personality
    • Method of therapy
  • Both emphasize unconscious conflicts in mental life
    • Typically shaped by childhood experiences
early years
Early Years
  • Born in 1856 in the small Austro-Hungarian town of Freiberg
  • Attended medical school at the University of Vienna
    • No real interest in the practice of medicine
    • Started a career in laboratory research
  • Left Vienna and went to study with Jean-Martin Charcot in Paris (between 1885-1886)
studies in hysteria 1895
Studies in Hysteria (1895)
  • Collaborated with Joseph Breuer (1842-1925) on an investigation into hypnosis and hysteria
  • Freud sees hysteria as unitary disease with a single cause
    • Searched for the “source of the Nile.”
  • Argued that hysterics fell ill because of repressed trauma
    • Experience is relived under hypnosis.
seduction hypothesis
Seduction hypothesis
  • Freud claimed that childhood sexuality was at the root of neuroses
  • Believed that a single traumatic event was at the heart of hysteria
    • All were seduced during childhood
  • Eventually gave up the seduction theory and saw the reported events as fantasies
  • Freud believed that much of our mental life is beyond our reach
  • The Unconscious (1915) –mind is a space in which ideas move between consciousness and unconsciousness
major contributions
Major Contributions
  • Unconscious
  • Freud gave us a much better attitude towards people who were mentally ill (bad early experiences can stick with us)
  • We are all in conflict – human condition