2004 DBQ. Buddhism in China. Analyze the responses to the spread of Buddhism in China. The Question.
Buddhism in China
Buddhism, founded in India in sixth century BCE was brought to China by the first century CE, gradually winning converts falling the collapse of the Han dynasty in 220C. Buddhist influence continued to expand for several centuries. Between 200 CE and 570 CE, China experienced a period of political instability and disunity. After 570 CE, the imperial structure was restored.
Evidence Extraction: The Focus Question
Document #4 Han Yu, leading Confucian scholar and official at the Tang Imperial court (819 CE)
Tang Emperor Wu speaks of Buddhist monks as dangerous because they “severe man and wife with its monastic decrees.” It should be noted that the great wealth of Buddhist monasteries might have been a viable threat to the financial strength of the empire, thus influencing Emperor Wu’s position. Furthermore, any allegiance to religion might supersede people’s allegiance to a government authority , and thus would negatively shade Wu’s perspective on Buddhism.