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Causes of World War II. National World War Two Memorial, Washington D. C. We will study 4 aspects of WWII. The war in Europe against Germany and Italy The war in Asia with Japan Hitler’s rise to power The Holocaust. Why do wars occur?. What caused WWII in Europe?.

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causes of world war ii

Causes of World War II

National World War Two Memorial, Washington D. C.

we will study 4 aspects of wwii
We will study 4 aspects of WWII
  • The war in Europe against Germany and Italy
  • The war in Asia with Japan
  • Hitler’s rise to power
  • The Holocaust
what caused wwii in europe
What caused WWII in Europe?
  • Germany wanted back what she lost from WWI, and revenge (ToV)
  • Depression and Dictators
  • Appeasement – Great Britain and France gave Hitler land w/o fighting for it.
  • Hitler and his hidden agenda - Holocaust
treaty of versailles end of wwi
Treaty of Versailles – end of WWI
  • The main points of the Treaty [BRAT]  
  • Germany had to accept the Blame for starting the war
  • Germany paid Reparations for the damage done during the war.
versailles cont
Versailles cont. .
  • Germany was forbidden to have submarines or an air force.  
  • She could have a navy of only six battleships, and an Army of just 100,000 men.  
  • Germany lost Territory (land) in Europe.
  • Germany’s colonies were given to Britain and France.
depression in 1920s europe
Depression in 1920s Europe
  • Economy was bad in Europe
  • WWI killed a lot of workers and customers
  • After years of humiliation and starvation, Germans looked for a strong leader.
nazis elected to power
NAZIs elected to power!
  • Nazis promised to build up their army and get revenge for the WWI

This concept, along with the Great Depression, made it easy for dictators to rule

dictators the big five
Dictators: The BIG FIVE
  • Hitler – Germany
  • Mussolini - Italy
  • Tojo - Japan
  • Stalin – Russia
  • Franco - Spain
dictators challenge world peace

Dictators Challenge World Peace

In the 1930s Spain, Germany, Italy, and Japan pursued aggressive goals for empire

dictators challenge world peace1

Dictators Challenge World Peace

Pacifism and the memory of WWI caused the leaders of Britain, France, and the US to avoid conflict through diplomacy

dictators challenge world peace2

Dictators Challenge World Peace

Mussolini and Hitler viewed pacifism as weakness and responded with new acts of aggression

aggression v appeasement what is

 action of a state in violating by force the rights of another

particularly its  territorial rights

unprovoked  attack, invasion, or the like


to yield or concede to the demands of a nation/group/person in an effort to avoid conflict

sometimes at the expense of justice or other principles

Aggression v Appeasement - What is:
aggression vs appeasement

Aggression vs. Appeasement

Japan seized Manchuria in 1931; the League of Nations condemned the act so Japan withdrew from the League

aggression vs appeasement1

Aggression vs. Appeasement

1935 - Italy invaded Ethiopia; King Haile Selassie appealed in vain to the powerless League of Nations

aggression vs appeasement2

Aggression vs. Appeasement

Hitler re-built the German military and sent troops into the Rhineland; in response, Western democracies adopted a policy of appeasement

aggression vs appeasement3

Aggression vs. Appeasement

Many in Britain and France saw Hitler and fascism as a defense against the spread of Soviet communism

Goering, Chamberlain, Mussolini, Daladier, Hitler in Munich

aggression vs appeasement4

Aggression vs. Appeasement

Congress passed Neutrality Acts with the goal of avoiding US involvement in a European war

aggression vs appeasement5

Aggression vs. Appeasement

Germany, Italy, and Japan formed the Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis, agreeing to fight Soviet communism

Tojo, Hitler, and Mussolini

german aggression continues

German Aggression Continues

1938 - Hitler began the Anschluss, or union of Austria and Germany

german aggression continues1

German Aggression Continues

At the 1938 Munich Conference, Britain and France chose appeasement and allowed Germany to seize the Sudetenland

german aggression continues2

German Aggression Continues

Chamberlain holds up the treaty with Hitler, which he claimed would ensure "peace for our time."

Winston Churchill remarked of the treaty: “They had to choose between war and dishonor. They chose dishonor; they will have war."

British prime minister Neville Chamberlain announced that he had achieved "peace for our time”

german aggression continues3

German Aggression Continues

March 1939 - Hitler seized the rest of CZ. Britain and France realized appeasement had failed and promise to protect Poland

german aggression continues4

German Aggression Continues

August 1939 - Hitler signed a nonaggression

pact with Joseph Stalin, secretly dividing up


Moscow, August 23, 1939 - Soviet Foreign Commissar, Vyacheslav Molotov, signs the German-Soviet nonaggression pact. Joachim von Ribbentrop and Josef Stalin stand behind him

german aggression continues5

German Aggression Continues

Sept. 1 1939 - Germany invaded Poland. Britain and France declared war on Germany - World War II had begun