Causes of World War II. National World War Two Memorial, Washington D. C. We will study 4 aspects of WWII. The war in Europe against Germany and Italy The war in Asia with Japan Hitler’s rise to power The Holocaust. Why do wars occur?. What caused WWII in Europe?.
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National World War Two Memorial, Washington D. C.
This concept, along with the Great Depression, made it easy for dictators to rule
In the 1930s Spain, Germany, Italy, and Japan pursued aggressive goals for empire
Pacifism and the memory of WWI caused the leaders of Britain, France, and the US to avoid conflict through diplomacy
Mussolini and Hitler viewed pacifism as weakness and responded with new acts of aggression
action of a state in violating by force the rights of another
particularly its territorial rights
unprovoked attack, invasion, or the like
to yield or concede to the demands of a nation/group/person in an effort to avoid conflict
sometimes at the expense of justice or other principlesAggression v Appeasement - What is:
Japan seized Manchuria in 1931; the League of Nations condemned the act so Japan withdrew from the League
1935 - Italy invaded Ethiopia; King Haile Selassie appealed in vain to the powerless League of Nations
Hitler re-built the German military and sent troops into the Rhineland; in response, Western democracies adopted a policy of appeasement
Many in Britain and France saw Hitler and fascism as a defense against the spread of Soviet communism
Goering, Chamberlain, Mussolini, Daladier, Hitler in Munich
Congress passed Neutrality Acts with the goal of avoiding US involvement in a European war
Germany, Italy, and Japan formed the Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis, agreeing to fight Soviet communism
Tojo, Hitler, and Mussolini
1938 - Hitler began the Anschluss, or union of Austria and Germany
At the 1938 Munich Conference, Britain and France chose appeasement and allowed Germany to seize the Sudetenland
Chamberlain holds up the treaty with Hitler, which he claimed would ensure "peace for our time."
Winston Churchill remarked of the treaty: “They had to choose between war and dishonor. They chose dishonor; they will have war."
British prime minister Neville Chamberlain announced that he had achieved "peace for our time”
March 1939 - Hitler seized the rest of CZ. Britain and France realized appeasement had failed and promise to protect Poland
August 1939 - Hitler signed a nonaggression
pact with Joseph Stalin, secretly dividing up
Moscow, August 23, 1939 - Soviet Foreign Commissar, Vyacheslav Molotov, signs the German-Soviet nonaggression pact. Joachim von Ribbentrop and Josef Stalin stand behind him
Sept. 1 1939 - Germany invaded Poland. Britain and France declared war on Germany - World War II had begun