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WHO Advisory Committee on Health Research. 50 Years: 1959 - 2009. Setting the stage for the establishment of the ACHR. 1948. 7 April 1948: WHO Constitution comes into force. 7 April is now World Health Day.

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

Setting the stage for the establishment of the ACHR

1948

7 April 1948: WHO Constitution comes into force

7 April is now World Health Day

Article 2 of the Constitution: to promote and conduct research in the field of health

slide3

Setting the stage for the establishment of the ACHR

1949

2nd World Health Assembly adopted Guiding principles on research:

  • research and coordination of research are essential functions of WHO
  • first priority should be given to research directly related to the programmes of WHO
  • research should be supported in existing institutions and should form part of the duties of field teams supported by WHO
  • all locally supported research should be so directed as to encourage assumption of responsibility for its continuance by local agencies where indicated
  • WHO should not consider at the present time the establishment, under its own auspices, of international research institutions

Creation of WHO Collaborating Centres – today number more than 900 with 500+ active in research

slide4

Setting the stage for the establishment of the ACHR

1949

WHO and UNESCO create CIOMS, The Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences

slide5
1959

The 12th World Health Assembly sees the establishment of Advisory Committee on Medical Research (ACMR) and the Special Account for Medical Research

slide6
1959

Functions of the ACHR:

  • Advise the Director-General on the general orientation of WHO’s research
  • Advise on the formulation of global priorities for health research
  • Review research activities, monitor their execution and evaluate their results
  • Formulate ethical criteria applicable to these research activities
  • Take a prominent part in the harmonization of WHO’s research efforts between the country, regional and interregional levels, and in their effective global synthesis
slide7
1962

Establishment of the ACHR in the Americas

slide8
1965

Plans for a world health research centre rejected by the World Health Assembly

slide9
1965

Founding of The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) to coordinate international efforts on cancer research

slide10
1972

Establishment of the Expanded Programme of Research in Human Reproduction

slide11
1975

Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR) is announced

slide12
1976

Decentralization of research policy and establishment of 5 Regional ACHRs

ACMR discuss and recommend the need for WHO to create a Special Programme for health systems research

slide13
1986

ADG on ACMR being renamed ACHR:

Their distinguished members were very far from the stereotyped image of the scientists shut up in their ivory tower…..they were deeply involved in world health problems and in finding solutions…

slide14
1990

ACHR lead the Technical Discussions at the 43rd WHA on the "Role of Health Research in the Strategy for Health for All by the year 2000”

Support essential health research and build national research capacity

Identify appropriate methods for trend assessment and priority setting

Translate research goals and priorities into Health for All

slide15
1993

ACHR publishes Research for Health: Principles, Perspectives, Strategies

Formation of the Council on Health Research and Development (COHRED)

slide16
1994

The ACHR and CIOMS involved in a number of collaborations over the years

slide17
1997

ACHR Meeting at WHO Headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland

slide18
1998

ACHR publish A Research Policy Agenda for Science and Technology to support Global Health Development

Establishment of the Global Forum for Health Research

AHPSR formed by the Global Forum and hosted by WHO

slide19
2000

ACHR Meeting

slide20
2002

Report released on Genomics and World Health

slide21
2003

ACHR Meeting in June at WHO Headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland

slide22
2007

ACHR advise on creation of the WHO Strategy on Research for Health

slide23
2008

The 50th Session of the ACHR in Geneva, Switzerland

slide24
2009

52nd Session of the ACHR in conjunction with the 43rd Session of the PAHO ACHR

Held in Panama City, Panama