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National Sorghum Producers Tim Lust, CEO. Helping Meet RFS Goals. Sorghum to Ethanol. Grain Sorghum. 6.2 . U.S. Sorghum Production. 2013 planting intentions. 7.62 million acres projected in 2013 Up 22 percent from last year Kansas and Texas lead with 77 percent of expected acreage

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Presentation Transcript
2013 planting intentions
2013 planting intentions
  • 7.62 million acres projected in 2013
  • Up 22 percent from last year
  • Kansas and Texas lead with 77 percent of expected acreage
  • Acres expanding to different regions
    • North Carolina
    • Missouri
    • South Dakota
other economic drivers
Other economic drivers
  • Growers balance:
    • Market demand
    • Costs of production
      • Land
      • Water
      • Fuel
    • Risk
what does the advanced playing field look like
What Does the Advanced Playing Field Look Like?
  • Grain sorghum approved as a conventional feedstock. Alone it does not qualify as advanced with 32% GHG reduction score.
  • If traditional ethanol plants make “green” improvements, they can qualify if 50% reduction threshold met.
  • Plants looking to make changes to meet goal.
  • Western Plains (NW KS) installing large anaerobic digester. Will be producing 50 million advanced gallons per year soon.
  • CA plant likely next
how could plants qualify
How could plants qualify?
  • AnererobicDigestor $25-$30 million
  • Biogas $5 million + $11 gas
  • Up to 200 million gallons
  • CO2capture
  • Biomass
  • Up to 300 million gallons
what does the advanced playing field look like1
What Does the Advanced Playing Field Look Like?
  • Main question: What level of advanced biofuels will be required for 2013?
  • Second question: What level of advanced biofuels will be required for 2014?
what does the advanced playing field look like2
What does the advanced playing field look like?
  • The imports of Brazilian “advanced” gallons in 2012 had huge negative impact on the entire U.S. ethanol industry.
  • There is strong support for “domestic” gallons of advanced biofuels.
  • RIN values will change - currently about ??
sweet sorghum
SWEET SORGHUM
  • Yield – 31.64 Tons/Acre Wet – Top yield 77 Tons
  • 15 gals/Ton
  • 475 gallons/acre up to 800 gallons acre
  • GHG score – very high
  • Southeast Renewables –FL
  • 20 million gallon – January 2015
what are you going to do with the bagasse
What are you going to do with the bagasse?
  • Burn it! Co-Gen – Under EPA models, U.S. processor will get huge credit because US electricity has about 25% more GHG emissions than Brazil electricity – overall GHG reduction could be as high as 90%.
  • Feed It! Cattle love it. EPA has not decided yet.
  • Make Cellulosic Ethanol out of it! The recent patents by Sweetwater regarding the ability to take bagasse/any other feedstock and convert to cellulosic as a part of a traditional ethanol plant process.
biomass sorghum
BIOMASS SORGHUM
  • Yield – 12.83 Tons/Acre Dry up to 20 Tons
  • 92.3 gals/Ton
  • 1184 gallons/acre or more
  • Cellulosic Feedstock
  • Grows in 90-110 days
what has not been done
What has not been done?
  • Sweet sorghum petition finalized/submitted to EPA.
  • Biomass (energy) sorghum petition (911 pages) was submitted in August as a cellulosic feedstock but has not been approved by EPA.
  • NSP’s experience is private industry involvement with EPA helps prioritize petitions.
  • EPA wants to see it is a viable crop and there is commercial production in place to generate gallons.