Battle in Ancient Greece And Rome. Organization. Units were organized into tightly pact units. This unit was known as a Phalanx. Stages of Combat. Charge screaming battle cries. Smash into the enemy’s ranks. Thrust with spears.
The tightly pact mass of men could offer protection for each other. They would link shields and could protect themselves from enemy spears and arrows.
They could form a defensive square formation to defend against enemy cavalry.
Hoplites were the soldiers that most frequently composed the ranks of phalanxes.
They were armed with a long spear (for jabbing, not throwing), a short sword, and wielded a large round shield.
They wore a tunic, a helmet, sandals, a breastplate, and greaves.
This shows two hoplites in attack positions.
Notice: once phalanxes broke, fighting reverted to man to man killing. Control and formations disintegrated.