Battle in Ancient Greece And Rome. Organization. Units were organized into tightly pact units. This unit was known as a Phalanx. Stages of Combat. Charge screaming battle cries. Smash into the enemy’s ranks. Thrust with spears.
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The tightly pact mass of men could offer protection for each other. They would link shields and could protect themselves from enemy spears and arrows.
They could form a defensive square formation to defend against enemy cavalry.
Hoplites were the soldiers that most frequently composed the ranks of phalanxes.
They were armed with a long spear (for jabbing, not throwing), a short sword, and wielded a large round shield.
They wore a tunic, a helmet, sandals, a breastplate, and greaves.
This shows two hoplites in attack positions.
Notice: once phalanxes broke, fighting reverted to man to man killing. Control and formations disintegrated.