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Chapter 3. Week 1. Homework for the Week. Monday 9/16 Ch 3 90-95 Dream Journal Tuesday 9/17 Ch 3 96-102 Dream Journal Bring in Sleep Tracker on Block Day Block Day 9/18 & 9/19 Ch 3 103-109 Study Vocab Dream Journal- bring to class on Friday Friday 9/20 Ch 3 117-123

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chapter 3

Chapter 3

Week 1

homework for the week
Homework for the Week
  • Monday 9/16
    • Ch 3 90-95
    • Dream Journal
  • Tuesday 9/17
    • Ch 3 96-102
    • Dream Journal
    • Bring in Sleep Tracker on Block Day
  • Block Day 9/18 & 9/19
    • Ch 3 103-109
    • Study Vocab
    • Dream Journal- bring to class on Friday
  • Friday 9/20
    • Ch 3 117-123
    • *Reminder: Friday is the last day to complete the test if a student had an excused absence
monday 9 16
Monday 9/16
  • Unit Introduction
  • Homework Review, pgs 84-89
  • Dream Journal Analysis (if time)
  • Monday 9/16
    • Ch 3 90-95
    • Dream Journal
  • Tuesday 9/17
    • Ch 3 96-102
    • Dream Journal
    • Bring in Sleep Tracker on Block Day
  • Block Day 9/18 & 9/19
    • Ch 3 103-109
    • Study Vocab
    • Dream Journal- bring to class on Friday
  • Friday 9/20
    • Ch 3 117-123
    • *Reminder: Friday is the last day to complete the test if a student had an excused absence
unit overview
Unit Overview
  • Essential Questions:
    • How do psychologists define consciousness?
    • What happens during the sleep cycle?
    • What roles do REM and NREM sleep play in behavior?
    • How does lack of sleep affect behavior?
    • How do psychoactive drugs affect behavior?
    • How do we know whether hypnosis is a real psychological phenomenon?
  • Objectives
    • Define consciousness.
    • Describe the different stages of sleep.
    • Analyze the different theories of dreaming.
    • Determine the common sleep disorders and their consequences.
    • Differentiate between the different theories of hypnosis.
    • Analyze why psychologists are suspicious of hypnotically enhanced memories.
    • Describe psychoactive drugs and their effects.
    • Differentiate among the different types of psychoactive drugs and their effects.
homework review pgs 84 89
Homework Review, pgs 84-89
  • What is consciousness?
  • Describe the field of cognitive neuroscience
  • What is dual processing?
  • “I back away from conscious thought and turn the problem over to my unconscious mind. It will scan a broader array of patterns and find some new close fits from other information stored in my brain.” –Arthur Fry, Co-creator of the Post-it note
forms of consciousness
Forms of Consciousness

Consciousness, modern psychologists believe, is an awareness of ourselves and our environment.

graph your alertness
Graph your alertness
  • Think of your consciousness/alertness level on during a typical weekday. Make a graph with wake-up to sleep on the x-axis, and alertness on the y-axis.
discussion
Discussion
  • Conscious Processing: What is the name of the movie in the following picture?
  • Unconscious Processing: Write down the answers to as many of the following questions as you can?
    • Name the two actors
    • What is the movie plot?
    • What two things were located in the center of the cover on the DVD?
    • What was the sequel to the movie called?
    • What are the actors doing with their eyebrows?
    • What color hair do both of the actors have?
    • What did it say at the top of the DVD?
    • Why is this movie socially significant?
hollow face
Hollow Face
  • Why does our mind look for faces?
  • Example: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rc6LRxjqzkA
dream journal analysis dreams as problem fixers
Dream Journal Analysis: Dreams as Problem Fixers
  • With your neighbors, discuss your dream journal entries, keeping in mind the following information:
    • Were there any common threads, common ideas, running through the journal?
    • Are your dreams bizarre? Mundane?
    • Which dreams are most disturbing? Why? What do they mean to you?
    • What common symbols or objects did you record? What do you think these symbols mean?
    • Were you able to control your dreams as you remembered more and more of them?
    • How are your dreams relevant to your waking life?
    • Was the content of both journals identical on any days? What does this tell you?
    • What seems to be the main function of your dreams?
tuesday 9 17
Tuesday 9/17
  • Selective Attention
  • Dream Analysis
  • Monday 9/16
    • Ch 3 90-95
    • Dream Journal
  • Tuesday 9/17
    • Ch 3 96-102
    • Dream Journal
    • Bring in SleepTracker on Block Day
  • Block Day 9/18 & 9/19
    • Ch 3 103-109
    • Study Vocab
    • Dream Journal- bring to class on Friday
  • Friday 9/20
    • Ch 3 117-123
    • *Reminder: Friday is the last day to complete the test if a student had an excused absence
selective attention write down your response to the following questions
Selective Attention: Write down your response to the following questions
  • Who came into our class yesterday?
  • What was he/she wearing?
  • What did he/she do?
  • What psychological idea does this best demonstrate?
cocktail party effect
Cocktail Party Effect
  • We will move around the room forming groups, in those groups I will give you a topic to discuss. Once in awhile, I will give you a name of someone in another group and someone will say his/her name out loud and see if that individual notices.
  • Group 1: Same birthday month
    • Discussion Topic: Favorite thing to do on your birthday
  • Group 2: Same favorite color
    • Discussion Topic: If you only had one day to live, what would you do with your time?
  • Group 3: Same grade school
    • Discussion Topic: Favorite thing that you did in grade school
the pop out phenomenon
The Pop-Out Phenomenon
  • Find the Red Dot
distraction discussion
Distraction Discussion
  • Move the desks into groups of 6
  • Are you “guilty” of any of the examples from this clip?
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OINa46HeWg8
  • What is happening to our ability to focus our attention?
  • What are the pros and cons of the smartphone generation?
  • Are special moments actually passing us by when we capture them with our phones?
  • In a study of 1,600 managers and professionals, Leslie Perlow, PhD, the Konosuke Matsushita professor of leadership at the Harvard Business School, found that:
    • 70% said they check their smartphone within an hour of getting up.
    • 56% check their phone within an hour of going to sleep.
    • 48% check over the weekend, including on Friday and Saturday nights.
    • 51% check continuously during vacation.
    • 44% said they would experience "a great deal of anxiety" if they lost their phone and couldn't replace it for a week.
    • "The amount of time that people are spending with the new technology, the apparent preoccupation, raises the question 'why?'" says Peter DeLisi, academic dean of the information technology leadership program at Santa Clara University in California. "When you start seeing that people have to text when they're driving, even though they clearly know that they're endangering their lives and the lives of others, we really have to ask what is so compelling about this new medium?“
    • Do you agree or disagree with the quote?
dream journal analysis dreams as leftover remnants from your day
Dream Journal Analysis: Dreams as Leftover Remnants from Your Day
  • With your neighbors, discuss your dream journal entries, keeping in mind the following information:
    • Were there any common threads, common ideas, running through the journal?
    • Are your dreams bizarre? Mundane?
    • Which dreams are most disturbing? Why? What do they mean to you?
    • What common symbols or objects did you record? What do you think these symbols mean?
    • Were you able to control your dreams as you remembered more and more of them?
    • How are your dreams relevant to your waking life?
    • Was the content of both journals identical on any days? What does this tell you?
    • What seems to be the main function of your dreams?
block day 9 18 9 19
Block Day 9/18 & 9/19
  • Sleep
  • Modern Sleep Research
  • Dream Analysis
  • Monday 9/16
    • Ch 3 90-95
    • Dream Journal
  • Tuesday 9/17
    • Ch 3 96-102
    • Dream Journal
    • Bring in SleepTracker on Block Day
  • Block Day 9/18 & 9/19
    • Ch 3 103-109
    • Study Vocab
    • Dream Journal- bring to class on Friday
  • Friday 9/20
    • Ch 3 117-123
    • *Reminder: Friday is the last day to complete the test if a student had an excused absence
slide21

Levels of Consciousness

Consciousness - An organism’s or individual’s awareness of, or possibility of knowing what is happening inside or outside itself

Subconscious - Consciousness just below the level of awareness. It contains thoughts and ideas just out of our

awareness.

Unconscious - A deeper level of awareness is the unconscious. It contains thoughts and desires about which we have no true or direct knowledge.

slide22

Biological Clocks

Biological clocks are internal units that control parts of the body and which are regulated by nature. They operate on free-running cycles (under their own control).

Through entrainment, some cycles can be modified to fit a different rhythm (sleep-wake cycle).

sleep and dreams
Sleep and Dreams
  • Sleep
    • periodic, natural,

reversible loss of

consciousness

functions of sleep
Functions of Sleep
  • Restoration theory —body wears out during the day and sleep is necessary to put it back in shape
  • Adaptive theory— sleep emerged in evolution to preserve energy and protect during the time of day when there is little value and considerable danger
sleep deprivation
Sleep Deprivation
  • Effects of Sleep Loss
    • fatigue
    • impaired concentration
    • depressed immune system
    • greater vulnerability to accidents
  • Has little effect on

performance of tasks

requiring physical

skill or intellectual

judgment

  • Hurts performance on simple, boring tasks more than challenging ones
individual differences in sleep drive
Individual Differences in Sleep Drive
  • Some individuals need more and some less than the typical 8 hours per night
  • Nonsomniacs—sleep far less than most, but do not feel tired during the day
  • Insomniacs—has a normal desire for sleep, but is unable to and feels tired during the day
sleep disorders
Sleep Disorders
  • Insomnia
    • persistent problems in falling or staying asleep
  • Narcolepsy
    • uncontrollable sleep attacks
  • Sleep Apnea
    • temporary cessation of breathing
    • momentary reawakenings
sleep disorders1
Sleep Disorders
  • REM sleep disorder— sleeper acts out his or her dreams
  • Night terrors— sudden arousal from sleep and intense fear accompanied by physiological reactions (e.g., rapid heart rate, perspiration) that occur during slow-wave sleep
  • Nightmares– a vivid dream depicting frightening disturbing, anxiety-provoking events.
brain waves and sleep stages
Brain Waves and Sleep Stages
  • Beta Waves
    • Wide awake waves
  • Alpha Waves
    • slow waves of a relaxed, awake brain
  • Delta Waves
    • large, slow waves of deep sleep
  • Hallucinations
    • false sensory experiences
  • Sleep Spindles
    • Begin during stage 2 sleep and increase through the cycle
stages in a typical night s sleep

Awake

Sleep

stages

1

2

3

REM

4

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Hours of sleep

Stages in a Typical Night’s Sleep
sleep log analysis
Sleep Log Analysis
  • Analyze your sleep log for:
    • Trends?
    • Problems?
    • Compare/contrast with your neighbors
  • Do you wake up in the middle of the night?
  • Does the average sleep cycle appear to work for you?
modern sleep research
Modern Sleep Research
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LWULB9Aoopc
dream journal analysis dreams as unconscious desires
Dream Journal Analysis: Dreams as Unconscious Desires
  • With your neighbors, discuss your dream journal entries, keeping in mind the following information:
    • Were there any common threads, common ideas, running through the journal?
    • Are your dreams bizarre? Mundane?
    • Which dreams are most disturbing? Why? What do they mean to you?
    • What common symbols or objects did you record? What do you think these symbols mean?
    • Were you able to control your dreams as you remembered more and more of them?
    • How are your dreams relevant to your waking life?
    • Was the content of both journals identical on any days? What does this tell you?
    • What seems to be the main function of your dreams?
friday 9 20
Friday 9/20
  • Vocab Quiz
  • Introduce Addiction Project
  • Dreams Overview& Analysis
  • Monday 9/16
    • Ch 3 90-95
    • Dream Journal
  • Tuesday 9/17
    • Ch 3 96-102
    • Dream Journal
    • Bring in SleepTracker on Block Day
  • Block Day 9/18 & 9/19
    • Ch 3 103-109
    • Study Vocab
    • Dream Journal- bring to class on Friday
  • Friday 9/20
    • Ch 3 117-123
    • *Reminder: Friday is the last day to complete the test if a student had an excused absence
dreams overview analysis
Dreams Overview & Analysis
  • Form groups of 4 with your desks
  • Take out your dream journals and your notes from last night and use them to respond to the following questions:
    • According to the textbook, what are the most common themes of dreams? Do these themes show up in your dream journal?
    • How does our two-track mind incorporate our environment into our dreams? Has this ever happened to you?
    • Dream Theory #1: To satisfy our own wishes- does this appear in your journal?
    • Dream Theory #2: To file away memories- does this appear in your journal?
    • Dream Theory #3: To reflect cognitive development- does this appear in your journal?