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The Czech Republic. Basic information. Capital city: Prague Area: 78 867 m 2 Population : 10 532 770 inhabitans Density of population : 133 inhabitans per km 2 Minorities : Slovaks (1,9%) Poles (0,5%) Germans (0,4%)

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basic information
Basic information
  • Capital city: Prague
  • Area: 78 867 m2
  • Population: 10 532 770 inhabitans
  • Densityofpopulation: 133 inhabitansperkm2
  • Minorities:
      • Slovaks(1,9%)
      • Poles (0,5%)
      • Germans (0,4%)
      • Romas, Hungarians, Ukrainians, Vietnameses, Russians, Bulgarians, Serbians...
  • Language
      • TheofficiallanguageisCzech
      • others are Slovak, Polish, GermanandRussian
geography
Geography
  • Mountains
  • Most ofborderareas are mountainous.
  • Thehighestmountainis Sněžka (1, 602 m), whichislocated in theGiantMountains (Krkonoše) in thenorth.
  • Othersignificantmountains are theOreMountains (Krušné hory) in thewest,the Bohemian Forest ( Šumava) in thesouthortheAshMountains (Jeseníky) andthe Beskydy Mountains (Beskydy) in Moravian region.
  • Thegreatestlowlands are in thesouthMoravia region andnear Olomouc in Haná area.
slide4

Rivers

  • Czechriversflow to threedifferentseas- theNorthSea,theBalticSeaandtheBlackSea.
  • Thelongestrivers are the Vltava (433 km) andtheElbe (Labe) (370 km in theCzechRepublic).
  • The Vltava, whichflows to theElbenear Mělník, isfavouriteforcanoeists.
  • TheElbeisusedfortransportingfreights.
  • LongMoravianrivers are the Morava andthe Dyje. TheRiver Odra islocated in Silesian region.
slide5

Lakes

  • TheCzechRepublichasn´t gotso many lakes.
  • The most famous are lakes in theBohemiansForest, which are ofglacialorigin, forexampleBlackLake (Černé jezero) – thelargest, Čertovo LakeorLakePlešné.
  • Anotherfamouslakeis Máchovo Lake, becauseoftheCzech poet Karel Hynek Mácha andbecauseofrecreation.
slide6

Ponds

  • A lot ofpondsarelocated in South Bohemia in area Třeboň, whereisthelargestpond Rožmberk. These ponds are famousmainlyforfarmingCzechcarps.
  • Dams
  • Ourdamswerebuiltbecauseofprotectionbeforefloodsor as a placeforrelaxationandswimming.
  • Borders
  • TheCzechRepublicbordersupwith 4 states – withGermany (thelongestborderline) in thenorthand in thewest, withAustria in thesouth, withSlovakia in thesouthand in theeastandwithPolland in theeastand in thenorth.
nature
Nature
  • Natureispicturesque in theCzechRepublic.
  • Our country issituated in mildclimatezone, thuswehavefourregularlychangingseasons, whichissuitableforgrowingpotatoes, cornsandsugarbeets.
  • Wehavebroad-leaved, mixedandconiferousforests, where live deers, reddeers, haresand a lot ofmatesofbirds live.
  • Wehave 4 naturereserves –theGiantMountains,the Bohemian Forest,theBohemiansSchwitzerland (České Švýcarsko) andthe Podyjí.
  • Thenatureisverydisrupted in someareas, forexample in north-western Bohemia becauseofextractionofcoalor in Ostrava becauseofminingandengineeringindustry.
moravian silesian region
Moravian – Silesian Region
  • Moravian – Silesian region islocated in thenorth – eastoftheCzechRepublic.
  • Thebiggest city is Ostrava (thethirdbiggest city in theCzechRepublic), whichisknownforitsengineeringindustryandforhistoricalmining centre. Thereis a newtownhallwith a tower, whereyoucanseeall Ostrava.
  • The region issurrounded by the Beskydy Mountains, whereyoucan visit thehighestmountainofthe region Lysá hora orPustevnyand Radhošť, whereisthe Statue of Radegast andtheChapelofApostles.
  • Hukvaldy CastleandStramberk Tube belongamongwell-knownmonuments.Youcan taste localdelicacy – Stramberkears (Štramberské uši).
interesting cities
InterestingCities
  • Karlovy Vary isthebiggestandthe most visitedspa in theCzechRepublic. Thereis a thermalspring, which has temperatureabout 72 °C . Healingspringtreatsdiseasesofdigestingtractordisorderofglandswithinternalsecretion.
  • Pardubice are famousforhorseraces Velká Pardubická, which are heldeveryOctober. Pardubice are renownedforproductionofgingerbread.
  • Jablonec nad Nisou is a district city in thenorth.Thereisfashionjewelleryandglassmanufacture.
unesco sites
Unesco sites
  • TheCzechRepublic has 12 monumentsofworldpatrimonyof Unesco (UnitedNationsEducational, ScientificandCulturalOrganization).
  • I thinkthatthe most beatifulisthecapital city ofPraguewithitsbeatifulhistorical centre.
  • Others are Olomouc, whereisTheHolyTrinityColumn
  • orČeský Krumlov with 300 rennaissanceandgothicbuildings.
  • or a castleandcastlegardens in Kroměříž.
sport
Sport
  • The most popularsports are footballandice- hockey.
  • Thefootballis more popular on thehomelevelandtheice- hockey more on thenationallevel.
  • Czechice – hockeyplayershavebeenWorldchampionsforsixtimesandtheywontheOlympicGames in Nagano in 1998.Nowadays, thebestplayeris Jaromír Jágr.
  • Otherpopularsports are tennis (Tomáš Berdych), athletics (Barbora Špotáková), basketball andvolleyball.
  • Czechpeople are keenbikersandtheylike in-line andhikingtoo.
my opinions
My opinions
  • Positives
  • Onetheonehand,theCzechRepublicisquite a small country andwecantraveloverthewholerepublic. I thinkthatpeopleshouldknowtheir country.
  • Therepublic has a goodlocation –itislocated in theheartofEurope.
  • Wehave 4 seasons. Itis a bigadvantageforme, becausewehavebeatiful sunny weather in thesummerandsnow in thewinter.
  • I love ourwoodenwonderfulnature, wherethereare suitableconditionsforhiking.
slide14

Negative

  • On theotherhand, our country hasn´t gotaseaandhighermountains, whichis a problem in winter, becauseitisshortofsnowforskiing.
  • Czechlanguageisvery nice, butwecan´t communicatewithit in otherstates.
  • Conditionofourmotorwaysandroadsishorrible.
  • I hateourpoliticalsystemandmainlyourpoliticians, becausetheytakeonlymoney andthey do nothing.
  • To sum itup, thelifeisquitedifficult in theCzechRepublic, but I likeour country and I wouldn´t like to changeit.