The 1850s:. Road to Secession. Problems of Sectional Balance in 1850. California statehood. Southern “fire-eaters” threatening secession. Underground RR & fugitive slave issues: Personal liberty laws Prigg v. Pennsylvania (1842). Compromise of 1850. Harriet Beecher Stowe (1811 – 1896).
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HarrietBeecherStowe(1811 – 1896)
So this is the lady who started the Civil War. -- Abraham Lincoln
Uncle Tom’s Cabin, 1852
The “Know-Nothings” [The American Party]
1849 Secret Order of the Star-Spangled Banner created in NYC.
√Franklin Pierce Gen. Winfield Scott John Parker Hale Democrat Whig Free Soil
Border “Ruffians”(pro-slavery Missourians)
Sen. Charles Sumner(R-MA)
Congr. Preston Brooks(D-SC)
Mural in the Kansas Capitol buildingby John Steuart Curry (20c)
√James Buchanan John C. Frémont Millard Fillmore Democrat Republican Whig
Dred Scott v. Sanford, 1857
The Lincoln-Douglas (Illinois Senate) Debates, 1858
A House divided against itself, cannot stand.
Stephen Douglas & the Freeport Doctrine
John Brown’s Raidon Harper’s Ferry, 1859
John BellConstitutional Union
Stephen A. DouglasNorthern Democrat
John C. BreckinridgeSouthern Democrat
Crittenden Compromise:A Last Ditch Appeal to Sanity
Senator John J. Crittenden(Know-Nothing-KY)
Secession!: SC Dec. 20, 1860