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INTRODUCTION! Whenever you are looking for ISO 27001 certification, you must understand that ISO 27001 implementation and review process is structured upon the risk assessment and the gap analysis method. These two vital steps can provide you with a pile of information you need to achieve compliance. However, it is important to get them right. • Since the processes have a lot of similarities, most of the organisations may easily confuse these two processes. You should not commit the same mistake. That’s why we have discussed the subtle differences between the risk assessment and the gap analysis in the context of ISO 27001.
RISK ASSESSMENT Risk assessment provides an organization with an indication of threats, which are likely to take place within the organisation. A risk assessment will enable you to know how severe the possible assessment can be for your organisation. You can start this process by developing a list of possible risks, which can be vulnerable to your organisation. This process requires a pile of varying degrees of probability and damages.
GAP ANALYSIS Gap analysis is a common requirement for every ISO certification. This is a method of investing the Quality Management System to find out whether there are any non-conformances within the setup or not. If any non-conformance is identified, then it is important to come up with the effective corrective as well as preventive action. • A gap analysis inspects: • • Whether there is a proper plan to meet the requirements • • Whether the plan is implemented in the right way • • Whether the all the requirements are met or partially met • • Whether the requirements have been reviewed regularly or not
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE TWO • A risk assessment enables the organisation to determine which ISO 27001 controls must be addressed. • A gap analysis allows the organisation to learn which ISO 27001 controls are already present in the core business system and which ones need to be included.
ENDNOTE Endnote from the above discussion, you can easily understand that the basic function of these two processes is different. ISO 27001 risk assessment is meant for identifying the risk factors and the risk controls while gap analysis is to determine whether the risk controls are in the place or not.
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