LEST WE FORGET. BY : Moustafa Kazan Course : Canadian History Teacher: R. Collishaw. Personal Information. Name: Aitkenhead, Lloyd Duncan Age:19 years old , died on the 18 th of July, 1944 Address : 837 Carling Ave. Ottawa, Ontario. Social status: single
BY: Moustafa Kazan
Course: Canadian History
Teacher: R. Collishaw
127 in weight
colour of eyes is blue
Aitkenhead’s journey was from:
On the sixth of June 1944, the largest sea-borne invasion in history, the D-Day landings involved more than 156,000 troops from the United Kingdom , Canada, the United States and the forces of the Free French. Nearly 7,000 vessels of all types were involved, of which more than 4,000 were landing craft. The operation was supported by approximately 12,000 aircraft, a task which included flying sorties, dropping of bombs, and the transportation of parachute troops. The objective of the invasion and the creation of a lodgement in Western Europe was long held and thought essential to the defeat of Germany. Since 1942, plans had been drawn and re-drawn, eventually emerging as "Operation Neptune", the assault phase, and "Operation Overlord", the invasion itself. The site chosen for the landing was the Caen area of the Normandy coast, approximately 350 kilometres southwest of Calais, where the Germans waited in anticipation, fooled by the Allies deception operations. While this site would require a lengthier and more hazardous passage for the invading fleet, those landing would find the beaches more accommodating and the enemy defences lighter. The invasion plans called for a wide landing in which five infantry divisions, each assigned a specific beach, would wade ashore along an eighty kilometre stretch of the Normandy coast. Units of the 1st Canadian Army would join with the British Second Army in forming the left side of the assault, while the 1st United States Army would take the right. They would be preceded by three airborne divisions, including members of the 1st Canadian Parachute Battalion, all intended to impede German movements, thereby allowing the establishment of a beachhead.
As this was taking place, Canadian landing craft were approaching the Normandy coast. At just after 8 o'clock, the Regina Rifles became the first to land. Their advance on the beach was supported by tanks from the 1st Hussars. Many of the German fortifications had survived bombardment, but together, the tanks and infantry managed to fight their way from the beach to the town of Courseulles-sur-Mer, and by late that afternoon, had started to advance inland. Supported by naval gunfire, the Victoria's Canadian Scottish landed succesfully at Mike sector, and members of the Royal Winnipeg Rifles came under enemy gunfire while still far offshore. Many were killed as they left the landing craft. Some of those who made it to land managed to advance past the beach defences, where they occupied the nearby coastal villages. If anything, the Nan sector proved less inviting as bombardment from the Channel had failed to dent German defences. One particular concrete bunker destroyed several tanks of the Fort Garry Horse, and brought heavy casualties to the North Shore Regiment before being silenced.
It was in this sector that the Queen's Own Rifles received the worst battering of any Canadian unit. Although their landing was to have been preceded by tanks, this was no possible due to high waves. The Queen's Own arrived at the beach more than half an hour behind schedule. Although they arrived pretty much intact, the killing began almost immediately. With no cover, the Canadians were forced to scramble from the shoreline to the seawall, a distance of more than 180 meters. Two thirds of their number were cut down by a German 88mm gun. A second company of the Queen's Own had the misfortune of hitting the beach directly opposite a German strongpoint. Half of those who landed were killed before the Germans themselves became casualties. The experience of the Queen's Own stands in contrast with threat of the Canadian Scottish, who arrived in the second wave. While the Canadian Scottish suffered fewer casualties than any other battalion, their fellow reserve unit, Le Regiment de la Chaudière's, were not so fortunate. As they approached the coast, the Chaudière's landing craft struck a concealed mine. As a result, the Quebec regiment had no choice but to abandon their equipment and attempt a swim to shore.Of the Canadian units involved in the invasion, only one managed to reach their D-Day objective. Nevertheless, they had left the first line of enemy defences in ruins. As dusk set, the Canadians had advanced farther inland than any other of the invading forces. Three hundred and forty Canadians died, with another 574 wounded, and forty seven taken prisoners.
At sea and in the air, Canada also played a major role in Allied victory during the war. Thousands of tonnes of essential supplies, cargo and war materials were shepherded across the ocean by Canadian naval vessels, always at risk from German submarines, the weather, and the sea itself. The Royal Canadian Air Force provided aircraft and pilots during Britain's darkest hour, when the Germans attempted to occupy the island.Countless more Canadian air force personnel served in bombers, with the coastal patrols, or in a ground crew capacity. At home, Canada provided training and facilities for thousands of Allied aircrew, as well as producing war materials which included explosives, tanks, ships and aircraft. Many prisoners of war were also housed in Canada.By the time the war had ended in 1945, 42,000 Canadians had died on land, at sea, or in the air and Aitkenhead was one of those who died and got buried with all his secrets like his rank and other things. Thousands more had been wounded, or taken prisoners.This information shows the large role played by the Canadian military during the Second World War. Many people wrongly believe we were merely a part of Britain, however, we were not. Canada's contribution is often overlooked by historians of the Second World War.
Aitkenhead joined the army but unfortunately he got killed after 2 years of enlistement