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Pentateuch. First five books of the Old Testament Moses as the author Several sources edited A continuous narrative No attempt was made to fix the differences Life and personality of Moses Oral transmissions of speeches Reflections Poetry Genealogies Liturgical celebrations Laws.

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pentateuch
Pentateuch
  • First five books of the Old Testament
  • Moses as the author
  • Several sources edited
  • A continuous narrative
  • No attempt was made to fix the differences
  • Life and personality of Moses
  • Oral transmissions of speeches
  • Reflections
  • Poetry
  • Genealogies
  • Liturgical celebrations
  • Laws
four major sources
Four Major Sources
  • Yahwist (J)
  • Anthropomorphic (earthy style)
  • Elohist (E)
  • Emphasis on prophecies (Elijah, Elisha)
  • Northern Kingdom viewpoint
  • Abraham as the central character
  • Deuteronomist (D)
  • “Second Law”: morality, law
  • Composed by a priest (Northern Kingdom)
  • Speeches of Moses (“Listen, Israel”)
  • Combination of J and E
  • Priestly (P)
  • Census lists, genealogies, numbers, dates, proper ways to worship, regulations about clean and unclean animals
  • Latest source
creation stories
Creation Stories
  • Genesis 1:1-2; 4a
  • Priestly Tradition
  • Grand, stately creation
  • Awesome, dramatic act of God
  • Genesis 2:4b-25
  • Yahwist tradition
  • Lighter, down-to-earth
  • Anthropomorphic God
  • Older account
slide4
First Creation Story
  • Israelite tradition of a 7 day week
  • 7th Day: Sabbath (a day of rest and prayer)
  • Creation: took place in 6 days
  • Each day: a higher development (Humans on the 6 th day)
  • Priestly account with no scientific explanation of the Universe
  • There in only one God
  • God planned creation (orderly)
  • Everything that God made is good
  • Sabbath is a special day of rest and worship

(God’s creatures to take time for rest and renewal)

slide5
Second Creation Story
  • Yahwist account of God as a potter who molds Adam’s body
  • Intimacy between God and the first human contrasts with the idea of a distant God
  • J Source: a compassionate God
  • God cares for Adam by planting a garden and sending animals
  • Adam names the animals (control)
  • Formation of Eve (dignity and equality of women)
  • Intimacy, openness, nakedness
why are there two creation stories in the bible
Why are there two creation stories in the Bible?
  • God is great, mysterious, powerful: created humans who reflect His glory
  • God who is goodness and love, is also intimately involved in the life of His creatures
  • Both stories foreshadow Jesus
  • Incarnation: Jesus assumed a human nature to save us from our sins
slide7
Second Creation Story
  • God created humans in His image and friendship
  • Adam and Eve preferred themselves to God (original sin)
  • Serpent: symbol of evil
  • Sin does NOT originate from within humans
  • Sin comes from humans consenting to an outside

temptation

  • “Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil”

symbolizes knowledge only God should have

(Humans must recognize their limits)

  • Shame and guilt (nakedness)
  • Sin broke their harmony with the natural world
slide8
God did NOT abandon Adam and Eve or

their descendents

  • One day the serpent would be destroyed

by the offspring of the woman

  • “New Adam” or Jesus Christ, Son of

God

  • “New Eve” or Mary
  • All people influenced by the sin of Adam

and Eve (weakened human nature; subject

to ignorance, suffering, death)

  • An inclination to commit sin called

concupiscence

  • Protoevangelium: great hope;

God created humans out of love

  • Humans affected by sin – can be

set free by Jesus, whose passion, death, and resurrection have broken the power of the Evil One