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Minimalistic Music. Minimalism. Created in the 60s and 70s. There are many different types of minimalism. Minimalism could be defined as a style of composition characterized by an intentionally simplified rhythmic, melodic, and harmonic vocabulary. Features of Minimalism.

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Minimalism

Created in the 60s and 70s.

There are many different types of minimalism.

Minimalism could be defined

as a style of composition characterized by an intentionally simplified rhythmic, melodic, and harmonic vocabulary.

features of minimalism
Features of Minimalism
  • Repetitious background or harmony.
  • Phasing
  • Subtractive/Additive melody
  • Lengthy loops and cycles
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Repetitious Background

Background music repeats with occasional slight changes in meter. Minimalist harmonies are usually just a set of chords with only one or two notes played at any one time.

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Phasing

Phasing is a technique that is used to create complex rhythms from a single, simpler rhythm.

Phasing is done by first playing two of the same rhythms together, then slowly shifting the duplicate of the rhythm backward or forward by a small increment.

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Subtractive and additive minimalism.

In subtractive minimalism a beat, word,

or syllable is subtracted from the beginning

or end of the original melody.

Additive minimalism adds a beat, word,

or syllable to the original.

“Cockroaches” uses the subtractive type

by subtracting words and syllables from the

end of the sentence.

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Composers

Three of the top composers of minimalistic music are Steve Reich, John Adams, and Philip Glass.

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Steve Reich

Steve Reich was born in 1936.

Our clapping music idea came from Reich.

First recording was published in the 1960s.

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John Adams

John Adams was born in 1947.

His first recording was made in the early 70s.