EQUIP Project Krishnagiri District
Problems addressed • 50% children in 5th standard cannot read a paragraph in Tamil. 10% cannot even identify letters. • 50% children in 5th standard cannot even subtract two 2-digit numbers. • Science education is just rote memorization – no concepts, no experiments, no connection with the real world. • Many 4-year-olds in balwadis cannot even match two identical pictures - something even 1-year-olds in middle class families easily do.
Reasons for this state • No School Focus on Basic Skills: Focus on exam mark & textbook memorization and not on ensuring basic skills. • Lack of Learning Resources: No access to learning resources. Schools and teachers have no libraries, no reading materials, no activity kits, no science experiment materials, etc. Balwadis have no learning aids or even simple toys. • Ineffective Methodology: Teachers lecture and read out from books. There is no focus on activities or even demonstrations in class. No avenues for children to think independently or to work in groups or to learn by doing. Poor training of teachers. Teachers are not trained in practical ideas nor on good teaching methodologies. • Low community involvement: Low community interest and involvement in education. Poor children have no access to a learning environment at home.
Two Pronged Implementation Strategy Create Community Learning Initiatives We mobilize village volunteers, train them and start village libraries, children’s learning centers, form science clubs, math clubs, sports clubs, etc. We also get the community volunteers to both help schools improve as well as to pressurize schools to deliver quality. Improve Learning Quality in Schools We work with teachers to bring about measurable improvements in specific learning skills like reading, maths and science. We train and motivate teachers, provide teaching learning materials and change classroom practices through regular visits and practical demonstrations.
Results So Far • Primary Education: • Improving Reading Skills of Children • Improving Basic Math Skills of Children • Pre-primary Education • Visual Recognition, Counting, Motor Skills and Sensory Skills • Pre-reading and pre-writing skills • Secondary Education • Science Education • Math Education • Life Skills and Health Education • Community Initiatives and Community Learning Centers • Village Libraries and Children’s Clubs • Science and Math clubs • Support Centers and Summer Campaigns 450,000 children in 7300 schools improved their Tamil reading skills through our Padippum Inikkum Reading Campaign. Across 5 districts, children who can read went up from 54% to 85% within 5 months of our starting the reading campaign!
Padippum Inikkum • Group activity based reading program • Aim: Is to bring rapid improvement in reading levels of a child • Structure • Initial Evaluation and Categorization into 5 levels • Everyday 1hr level specific activities • Child-to-Child reading methods • Reading materials and story boards to make it a fun event
Impact of PP • Reaches about 4,50,000 children • Teachers are taking more active participation in these activities
Arivial Anandam • Do-it-yourself experiments for children • Low cost science experiments as a means to teach • Encouraging a child to think and come up with their own experiments
Impact of AA • 1,30,000 Children in 900 schools are benefitting currently • Children are able to relate real world science phenomena and able to quote it in their answers, instead of memorizing and repeating the books
Eureka Public Library • Community based learning using “Library in a Bag” concept • Aim is to use this as a booster to Padippum Inikkum program • When community involves, the schools feel responsible to deliver better quality education • In addition to library style learning, additional activities with games, fun events and activities etc. • Encourage formation of children clubs
Impact of EPL • This is still in experimental phase • 90,000 children in 2000 villages are using this right now • Several constraints to implement the program.. e.g. finding volunteers in villages is hard • Providing reading materials appropriate for the age and sufficient amount is difficult
Bangalore Chennai Krishnagiri District
Relevant Statistics • 10 blocks • 1100 schools targeted • Fulltime staff and a district level coordinator • Aser 2006 SURVERY in Krishnagiri district • % Children (std 1-2) who cannot read alphabets – 48.8%, • % Children (std 1-2) who cannot recognize numbers - 68.9% • % Children (std 3-5) who cannot read std-1 text – 54.4% • % Children (std 3-5) who cannot do subtraction – 59.1%
Reading Stats 3rd-5th Std Children in the District