High-Fiber Cookie Formulation Sugar Cane Fiber. Group 5: Anna-Rea Laubscher, Mele Kalama, Kelly Valdez and Sung Kyun Kim. What is fiber?. The part of plant-based foods that’s not digested. Prevents constipation Lowers the bad cholesterol Reduces the risk of heart disease
High-Fiber Cookie Formulation Sugar Cane Fiber Group 5: Anna-Rea Laubscher, Mele Kalama, Kelly Valdez and Sung Kyun Kim
What is fiber? • The part of plant-based foods that’s not digested
Prevents constipation Lowers the bad cholesterol Reduces the risk of heart disease Helps lower blood sugar levels Why fiber?
Sources of fiber • Fruits • Vegetables • Cereals • Grains and pastas • Beans, seeds, and nuts
How much fiber is needed? Adults Grams per day • 19-50 years Men 38 grams Women 25 grams • >50 years Men 30 grams Women 21 grams
Our Goal To turn this vanilla sugar cookie into a High Fiber Cookie with our assigned fiber…
Sugar cane fiber • Byproduct of the sugar refining process • Called bagasse in the sugar cane industry • No calories! • Tasteless • An environmentally friendly production process • Used in Australia to tackle obesity by making foods healthier
1) We altered the flour to fiber content 50% flour 50% fiber and 75% flour 25% fiber Our first experiment
Outcome • 50% fiber was very dry, the dough was not moist enough • We had to add 4 Tablespoons milk • 25% fiber improved in taste and texture, dough a little tough • We had to add 1 Tbsp milk
Our second Experiment80% flour, 20% fiber and 2 Tbsp milk Batch 1: 20 % fiber, sugar and brown sugar Batch 2: 20% fiber, all brown sugar
Outcome • Improved taste, texture and appearance • Added egg wash for appearance • Successful recipe and cookie!
Obstacles • Unexpected dry dough • Keeping the preparation and baking process constant • Creaming butter?? • Avoiding burnage to the bottoms
High Fiber Cookie with Sugarcane Experiment 1 5% Sugar cane fiber 95% flour Experiment 2 15% Sugarcane fiber 85% flour Experiment 3 25% Sugarcane fiber 75% flour Experiment 4 ¼ cup sugar ¼ cup brown sugar Experiment 5 ½ cup sugar Experiment 6 ½ cup brown sugar Original Thought Process
High Fiber Cookie with Sugar Cane 50% flour 50% fiber 8 T milk 75% flour 25% fiber 2 T milk Half sugar Half brown sugar 2 T milk All brown sugar 2 T milk Half sugar Half brown sugar 2 T milk Egg wash All brown sugar 2 T milk Egg wash 3 T milk 2 T milk + 1 tsp vanilla Actual and Future Experiment